Prof. BRENDA B. LANSANG LECTURER FAR EASTERN UNIVERSITY Institute of Arts and Sciences
At the end of this lesson you will be able to:1. Define health and wellness;2. Describe health care;3. Discuss public health and its components;4. Trace the history of public health in the Philippines; and5. Appreciate the importance of public health and its application to health care system.
• Health• Wellness• Public Health• Prevention• Promotion• Health status• Community Health• Community Illness
• Health care (or healthcare) is the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans.• Health care is delivered by practitioners in medicine, dentistry, medical technologists, nursing, pharmacy, allied health, and other care providers. It refers to the work done in providing primary care, secondary care and tertiary care, as well as in public health.
Time and health are two precious assetsthat we dont recognize and appreciate until they have been depleted. Denis Waitley
Health care is not a privilege. Its a right. Its a right asfundamental as civil rights. Its a right as fundamental asgiving every child a chance to get a public education. Rod BlagojevichOur childrens health and well-being are dependent onour commitment to promoting food access and goodeating habits at home, at school and in the community. Rod BlagojevichTheres a need for accepting responsibility - for a personslife and making choices that are not just ones forimmediate short-term comfort. You need to make aninvestment, and the investment is in health andeducation. Buzz Aldrin
• Health is a dynamic condition resulting from a bodys constant adjustment and adaptation in response to stresses and changes in the environment for maintaining an inner equilibrium called homeostasis.
• Wellness is first and foremost a choice to assume responsibility for the quality of your life. It begins with a conscious decision to shape a healthy lifestyle. Don Ardell, Ph.D.,
• World Health Organization (WHO), in 1948, health is defined as being "a state of complete physical, mental, and social well- being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity“.
FACTOR HEALTH IMPACTBehavioralObesity Heart disease, diabetes, certain cancersSmoking Lung cancer, emphysema, heart disease, low birth-weight infantsHigh-cholesterol diet Arteriosclerosis, heart diseaseModerate to heavy Cirrhosis, mouth cancers,alcohol use complications of pregnancy, low birth-weight infantsRegular exercise Reduced risk of heart disease
Mental/emotional Depression Cancer Prolonged grief/bereavement Early death from a variety of causes Emotional well-being Increased resistance to infection Social Lack of close ties Mental illness, respiratory disease complications of pregnancy death from numerous causes
SpiritualConcept of sin Stress of excessive guiltWorship, prayer Decreased blood pressure, increase mental stressEnvironmentalAir pollution Emphysema, bronchitis,Living near toxic waste dumps Spontaneous abortionPesticide exposure Birth defects
Economic/PoliticalImpoverished living conditions - Nutritional disorders, heart disease, diabetes, depression and marital instabilityArrest, torture, execution for political reasons - Possible deathPolitical interference with relief programs - Communicable diseases, malnutrition, possible deathOppression, racism - High blood pressure, heart disease among ethnic minorities
1. Heredity- the genetic make up is unique and cannot be altered afterconception. A number of diseases like chromosomal abnormalities,errors of metabolism, mental retardation, some types of diabetes are ofgenetic origin.2. Environmental- the “internal” environment of man pertains to everytissue, organ, organ-system, parts and their harmonious functioning.The “external” environment pertains to all that is external to thehuman host.3. Life style-the way people live. It composed of cultural and behavioralpatterns and life long personal habits (smoking, alcoholism etc) thathave developed through the processes of socialization.
4 Socio-economic conditions – the health status isdetermined primarily by socioeconomic development.Important socioeconomic factors are; a) Economic status: the economic progress is the majorfactor in reducing morbidity, increasing life expectancy &improving quality of life. b) Educational status: second major factor influencinghealth is education. Literacy coincides with poverty,malnutrition, ill health, high infant and child mortalityrates. c) Occupation: unemployed people usually show higherincidence of ill health and death. It can cause psychologicaland social damage.5. Health Services – it helps in the treatment of disease,prevention of illness and promotion of health.
• A Health indicator is a characteristic of an individual, population, or environment which is subject to measurement (directly or indirectly) and can be used to describe one or more aspects of the health of an individual or population (quality, quantity and time).
• Health indicators can be used to define public health problems at a particular point in time, to indicate change over time in the level of the health of a population or individual, to define differences in the health of populations, and to assess the extent to which the objectives of a program are being reached.
Indicators of health are used to measure the health status of a community and also to compare the health status of one country to another.1. mortality indicator 7. social and mental health2. morbidity indicator 8. environmental indicators3. disability rates 9. socio-economic indicators4. nutritional status indicator 10. health policy indicators5. health care delivery indicator 11. indicators of quality of life6. utilization rates
• Public Health is the science and art of promoting and improving the health of communities through education and promotion of healthy life styles and research for diseases and injury prevention.
• Health situation monitoring and analysis• Epidemiological surveillance/disease prevention and control• Development of policies and planning in public health• Health promotion, social participation and empowerment• Research, development and implementation of innovative public health solutions.
• Community Health• Environmental Health• Behavioral Health• Occupational Health
• Pre-Colonial Period• Spanish Occupation• US Occupation• The Creation of Bureau of Health• The Creation of the Department of Health
Jonas Salk administering vaccinationagainst polio in 1955.
Public health is a modern concept of humandevelopment in science.
Public health made available through child welfare services.
• Today, most governments recognize the importance of public health programs in reducing the incidence disease, disability, and the effects of aging and other physical and mental health conditions, although public health generally receives significantly less government funding compared with medicine.• In recent years, public health programs providing vaccinations have made incredible strides in promoting health, including the eradication of smallpox, a disease that plagued humanity for thousands of years.
• Seeking to improve population health through the implementation of specific population-level interventions, public health contributes to medical care by identifying and assessing population needs for health care service.• Assessing current services and evaluating whether they are meeting the objectives of the health care system• Considering the effect on resources for proposed interventions and assessing their cost-effectiveness• Supporting decision making in health care and planning health services including any necessary changes.• Informing, educating, and empowering people about health issues
• Q: Whats the most frequently diagnosed cancer in men? A: Prostate cancer.• Q: What does "CPR" stand for in medical emergencies? A: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.• Q: What, along with heart disease and cancer, accounts for 64 percent of U.S. deaths? A: Stroke.• Q: What virus did the World Health Organization say would infect 40 million people by the year 2000? A: HIV.
• Q: What do cosmetic surgeons remove 200,00 pounds of from Americans per year? A: Fat.• Q: What do doctors look at through an ophthalmoscope? A: The eye.• Q: What disease accounts for two of every three cases of dementia? A: Alzheimers.• Q: What S-word is defined as "a lateral curvature of the spine"? A: Scoliosis.
• Q: What substance produced by the body is counteracted by antihistamine drugs? A: Histamine.• Q: What do leukemia sufferers have too many of? A: White blood cells, or leukocytes.• Q: Whats most likely to occur when your diaphragm goes into spasms? A: Hiccups.• Q: Whats the itchy skin condition tinea pedis better known as? A: Athletes foot.
• Q: How many times a day must you take medication if your prescription reads "q.i.d."? A: Four.• Q: What part of the eye may be obscured by cataracts? A: The lens.• Q: What arthritic disorder occurs due t increased uric acid the the blood? A: Gout.• Q: What hereditary blood defect is known as "the royal disease"? A: Hemophilia.
• Q: What brain operation was tried first on a confused 63-year-old female at George Washington Hospital in 1956? A: A lobotomy.• Q: What does the "myo" mean in myocardial? A: Muscle.• Q: What was bovine spongiform encephalopathy called by the British press in 1996? A: Mad cow disease.• Q: Whats the medical term for low blood sugar? A: Hypoglycemia.• Q: Whats the tranquilizer diazepam better known as? A: Valium.
• Q: Whats the common term for a cerebrovascular accident? A: Stroke.• Q: What do itchy people call the "rhus radicans" they were sorry they came into contact with? A: Poison Ivy.• Q: What was Friedrich Serturner the first to extract from opium and use as a pain reliever? A: Morphine.• Q: What was the most widely prescribe antideppressant in the U.S. in the 1990s? A: Prozac.• Q: What syndrome does SIDS mean to child care experts? A: Sudden infant death syndrome.• Q: What disease is the focus of oncology? A: Cancer.
END OF THE SLIDE SHOW PREPARE FOR A QUIZ NEXT MEETING!