ICT Integration in Higher Education: My Perspectives and Way Forward

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ICT Integration in Higher Education: My Perspectives and Way Forward - Professor Venansius Baryamureeba, VC UTAMU, barya@utamu.ac.ug

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ICT Integration in Higher Education: My Perspectives and Way Forward

  1. 1. ICT Integration in Higher Education: My Perspectives and Way Forward Professor Venansius Baryamureeba, VC UTAMU, barya@utamu.ac.ug
  2. 2. Overview • What is ICT? • ICT in learning • ICT and research • ICT in publishing and libraries • Learner-centered education • ICT integration in higher education • Way forward
  3. 3. ICTs Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) consist of the hardware, software, networks, and media: – for collection, storage, processing, transmission and presentation of information (voice, data, text, images) i.e. to generate, distribute, collect and administer information – for communication
  4. 4. Reflections on Knowledge Economy The strongest currency today is neither the Pound, Euro, Dollar nor the Shilling but it is Knowledge Today we live in a knowledge Society which has two main categories of people • Knowledgeable People • Knowledge able People ICTs are enabling the Knowledge Economy
  5. 5. ICT in Learning • E-learning is the use of electronic media, educational technology and ICTs in education • Old and new technologies need to be used in a balanced way. On-the-air and off-the-air radio/radio-cassette, television and offline video- assisted technologies; more interactive computer/Internet-based virtual education or online distance learning • Possible for anyone, anywhere, anytime to learn • Opened access to reserved educational capital
  6. 6. Learners taking more control over the direction of their learning with ICT Social collaboration on joint tasks both face-to-face and in online collaboration Learning out of school in other settings and environments Deeper analysis of concepts, processes and visualisation Use of ICT to locate, gather, synthesis, analyse reconstruct, communicate and present information and understanding Creative development and media literacy e.g. digital video, photography animation, music Developing thinking skills and problem solving strategies ICT in learning Gaining knowledge, understanding and skills beyond that of the teacher Iteration and modelling using ICT; eg in writing, design, maths, science PE and music
  7. 7. ICT and Research • Data Processing: Improved due to the steady increases in bandwidth and computing power • Use of online full text databases and online research libraries/virtual libraries • Communication links make it possible for research teams to be spread across the world • The combination of communications and digital libraries is equalizing access to academic resources, greatly enriching research possibilities for all institutions
  8. 8. ICT in publishing and Libraries • Electronic publishing is basically a form of publishing in which books, journals and magazines are being produced and stored electronically rather than in print • Types of Electronic Publishing Models – Electronic Books; Electronic Periodicals; Electronic Databases; Print on Demand; Digital Content; Electronic Ink; E-mail Publishing; Web Publishing • Electronic Publishing Models have led to Digital Libraries – Collections of documents in organized electronic form that are accessible using electronic devices
  9. 9. Learner Centered Education • ICTs in Education have led to a Learning Paradigm Shift from Teacher Centered to Learner Centered – The Learner-Centered Education (LCE) focuses on both teacher’s and learner’s experiences – The focus is on each student’s individual needs – The role of the educator shifts from a transmitter to a facilitator. No longer is the teacher simply someone who stands at the front of the room imparting knowledge on students • Students become more engaging and attain autonomy in learning – The student is no longer a passive “receptacle” for the teacher’s knowledge
  10. 10. Learner Centered Education Cont’d • Rather than revolving around content, the learner- centered classroom centers on learning processes – The learner-centered classroom provides an emphasis upon higher-order thinking skills, such as the ability to judge and evaluate, critical thinking, self advocacy • Reluctant learners are more motivated to participate in their own education, since their stake in the process is clearly defined • Students demonstrate improvement in motivation, learning, and achievement. – There is a higher rate of student retention, and students are better prepared for success outside the classroom
  11. 11. Teacher-Student relationship in emerging learning society
  12. 12. Learning Models will need to change • How do students learn in a digital environment? • How do institutions teach in the digital era? • Are institutions ready for E-Learning? • Do we need new learning models? Industrial Age Learning Model Digital Age learning Model
  13. 13. Delivery Modes will need to change Lack of facilities and funding Increase in tuition fees Growing student population Privatization of education Cost effective solutions (e.g. e-learning, virtual learning, blended ) More virtual universities Life Long Learning Only Authorized Access
  14. 14. ICT in education Change Drivers Knowledgeable Society Education System Technology Drivers Technology Driven Knowledge Able Society
  15. 15. Why do we Integrate ICT in Education? Why ICT Integration in Education? Allows Effective Networking Allows Easy Sharing Of Resources Allows Effective Collaboration Effective Accessibility To Resources Empowerment In Learning Ubiquitous Education
  16. 16. Enabling ICT Integration in Education Educational Capacity for any E-Learning form of delivery
  17. 17. UTAMU Hybrid Model Community Engagement Transformational e- Learning Content Space Policy Makers and regulatory bodies Collaborative Partners UTAMU e-Learning Content Space Digital Teachers Digital Students Digital Family UTAMU Content Database Open Access Database UTAMU E-Library UTAMU Social Applications Integrated Layer
  18. 18. Digital Teachers
  19. 19. Digital Students
  20. 20. Digital Family
  21. 21. E-Learning Content Space
  22. 22. Personal Content Database Personal Content Space
  23. 23. Education is opening up….
  24. 24. E-Libraries
  25. 25. Hybrid Learning @ UTAMU:VL Part 25 Virtual Learning(VL) Virtual Classrooms, hangouts, twitter Podcasts on YouTube and Moodle Google Drive Drop Box Open Courseware (MIT, COUSERA) E-library Google Scholar Conferencing via Google Hangouts Skype Internet Electronic Communication Whatsup Email and Collaboration, Google apps, Facebook
  26. 26. engage empower extend embed enhance enrich exchange e-learning? enthuse entertain Hybrid Integration of E-Learning has to:
  27. 27. Way Forward • Digital Technology is an indispensable teaching tool • Urgent need for professional development of teachers that allows teachers to construct professional knowledge about pedagogy, content, and technology, as well as strategies for managing the changing classroom environments • The use of ICT in education increases access to learning opportunities. Thus, the integration of ICTs in higher education is inevitable.
  28. 28. Till we meet again! I THANK YOU

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