Segregation on History Civil war: Northern States vs. Southern ●States due to the conflict of the abolishment of slavery.● Northern States won and 14th amendment was passed and slavery finished.
Separate but equal● This legal doctrine meant that colored people had the same rights but they couldnt mix with white people.● Really, colored people were treated as if they were a lower class.
Non-conformist● Silent Parade in 1917: movement protest the violence on anti-black riots in Illinois● Bus boycott in 1955: protest the segregation in public transport. ● Washington March in 1963
Standing up by sitting● Rosa Parks refused to leave her seat to a white man and she went to jail. ● Civil rights demonstrators started a bus boycott that lasted 381 days.
Step by step● Because of these movements, the Supreme Court declared the segragation in public transport unconstitutional. ● This was an important steps to reach equality, regardless color.
Discovering a national hero ● He was born in January,15 1929 in Alabama, on the southeast of the United States
His models ● He was the first son of Martin Luther King Sr and Alberta Williams King. His father was a baptist pastor and his mother was schoolteacher.
Living segregation ● In his youth, he experienced the segregation himself.● At six , two children told him that they couldn’t play with him because he was colored.
Formation● He started school at 5, at 18 he entered at Morehouse College. He studied theology and sociology. He also obtained the doctorate in Philosophy.
Baptist Minister● In 1954, he became pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama.● Hes been always astrong fighter for civil rights for members of his race
August 28th, 1963 ● I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.
April 3rd, 1968● Because Ive been to the mountaintop. I dont mind. Like anybody, I would like to live a long life; longevity has its place. But Im not concerned about that now. I just want to do Gods will. And Hes allowed me to go up to the mountain. And Ive looked over. And Ive seen the Promise land.
King and Gandhi ● He fought for the human rights. He inspired in Mahatma Gandhi and about the civil disobedience of Henry David Thoreau.
Enemies Because of the ● Boycott, the situation became so tense that Kings house was bombed. He was arrested during this campaing.
Shotdown ● At 6:01 p.m., April 4, 1968, a shot rang out as Martin stood on the motels balcony. His murder was James Earl Ray, a white segregationist.
Nobel Peace Prize● On October 14, 1964, King became the youngestrecipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, which was awarded to him for leading non-violent resistance to racial prejudice in the U.S
Leaving a mark After Martin ●Luther Kings death many people were shocked and blacksstarted riots in many American cities.● Nowadays, colored people live in complete equality.
MLK day● Martin Luther King Jr.s day is celebrated to honour this national hero and the labour he did fighting for Civil rights and equality.