Documentary techniques

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Documentary techniques

  1. 1.  Question types: - open, closed, single, multiple, direct, suggestive Interview styling: - hard news, combative, light- hearted, entertainment, investigative, promotional Structuring: - introduction, developmental questions, confidence building, key questions, sound-bites, summary, wind- up Communication skills: - building rapport, active listening, body language
  2. 2.  An in-depth personal discussion with the person you are interviewing. Key to the interview is to listen due to it being in- depth and maintain eye-contact with the interviewee. Ask the questions in chronological order. Factual Interviews The interviewee can provide context and background about the topic. Generally filmed from an over shoulder shot or from the interviewers point of view
  3. 3.  Where a person is being interviewed while they are doing something (Walking, Building etc.). More relaxed type of interview than sit- down. Handheld camera or Tripod depending on the activity the interviewee is doing. Could be filmed from POV of interviewer of with the interviewer in front of the camera.
  4. 4.  Having random people on the street talk to you about the chosen subject. Used for short clips that can be easily added to the documentary during the editing process. Make sure the interviewee knows what the documentary is about. Tend to be informal types of interviews. Collect the interviewees views on the subject. Generally filmed with the interviewer behind the camera.
  5. 5.  Formal factual interviews Use of facts and statistics Highly professional – gains an older generation upper class audience Generally filmed from an over shoulder shot or from the interviewers point of view The interviewee can provide context and background about the topic
  6. 6.  Casual interviewing style, with use of informal language in the questions Interviewer in usually on screen (participatory) Non-fixed camera composition is often used (hand held camera, camera moving from interviewer to interviewee) Interview questions and answers take the form of a friendly discussion/chat Often unplanned and improvised questions
  7. 7. • Research - finding out information• Enhancement of audience understanding• Informational - presenting information• Interpretive - expressing or explaining opinion• Emotional - allowing audience insight to a situation

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