Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009Panel Review Meeting, Brussels, 17th June 2009Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th October 2...
Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009
What is there to disseminate?
• Overview of the project (diagram): always start wit...
Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009
For whom?
• Local stakeholders (farmers, technicians): talk in their
language, give...
Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009Panel Review Meeting, Brussels, 17th June 2009Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th October 2...
Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009
Strength of icons…
Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009Panel Review Meeting, Brussels, 17th June 2009Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th October 2...
Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009
Possible icons for techniques
Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009
Using symbols
16 MDG targets
Colour signifies progress
Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009
Summarizing results of WB4
• Evaluation tables (the same as in WB3 but based on the...
Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009
Proposal for display
Ecology
Socio-Economy
Cultural
“Contour ploughing”
Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009
Proposal for display
Runoff
Soil water increase
Costly (fuel)
Use local indicators?...
Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009
This may generate a useful
overview
Reason x
Reason y
Reason z
Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009Panel Review Meeting, Brussels, 17th June 2009Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th October 2...
Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009
Simplification
On the one hand:
• As a scientist your feeling will be to disagree w...
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Cn 14 th14_wb4_dissemination_ideas_jetten

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Cn 14 th14_wb4_dissemination_ideas_jetten

  1. 1. Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009Panel Review Meeting, Brussels, 17th June 2009Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th October 2010 WB4 - Ideas for dissemination Victor Jetten, Dhruba Shrestha UT - ITC A brave but poor stakeholder (digging a hole for himself)
  2. 2. Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009 What is there to disseminate? • Overview of the project (diagram): always start with this, WB4 is one part of the whole • Overview of technologies: conveys several messages • Effect of a technology “tested in reality” (positive and negative, or inconclusive): – Ecological + Socio-economic + Socio-cultural • These effects are not based on expectations of any of the stakeholders (farmers as well as scientists), but on tests in a “real life” situation. • What are these expectations? – My situation will improve (yield/income/security/benefits) – Desertification processes will be reversed/limited
  3. 3. Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009 For whom? • Local stakeholders (farmers, technicians): talk in their language, give an honest answer in view of their expectations: what works, what doesn’t work and what we don’t know – Farmer: talk agriculture, yield, cattle, soils/water. – Terminology: use the list of ‘local’ indicators mentioned in WB3 (table 10, report WP 3.1). This gives the vocabulary that stakeholders use (greening etc.) • “Policy makers/executers”: talk policy/money/subsidy find out what their objectives are towards national and international policies and advice them. NGO training
  4. 4. Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009Panel Review Meeting, Brussels, 17th June 2009Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th October 2010 Fire Fire Grazing Minimumtillage Stubble management Mulch/residue Greencover Alternativecrops Rotation/fertility Deepploughing withmintillage Planting(shrub, trees, reforestation) Firebreak Precribedburning Freshwaterto washsalinesoil Gypsum Drip Fencing/resting Biogass Terrace(barrier) Landreclamation (dam) Wovenfence Waterharvesting Gullycontrol 1 Spain X X X X 2a Portugal Macao X 2b Portugal Gois X 3 Italy 4 Greece-Crete X X X 5 Greece-Nestos X X 6 Turkey-Karapinar X X 7 Turkey-Eskeshir X X 8 Morocco X X X X 9 Tunesia X X 10 Russia-DJA X 11 Russia-NOV X 12 China X X X 14 Botswana X X X 14 Mexico X X X X 17 Chile X X X ? ? 18 Cape Verde X X A Irrigation M SV Overview of experiments Messages: - Impressive: look how serious we are! - It is an international project: results of a country are embedded in a large project. - To the farmers in a country it shows that they are part of something larger So this table has to be shown differently…
  5. 5. Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009 Strength of icons…
  6. 6. Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009Panel Review Meeting, Brussels, 17th June 2009Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th October 2010 Fire Fire Grazing Minimumtillage Stubble management Mulch/residue Greencover Alternativecrops Rotation/fertility Deepploughing withmintillage Planting(shrub, trees,reforestation) Firebreak Precribedburning Freshwatertowash salinesoil Gypsum Drip Fencing/resting Biogass Terrace(barrier) Landreclamation (dam) Wovenfence Waterharvesting Gullycontrol 1 Spain X X X X 2a Portugal Macao X 2b Portugal Gois X 4 Greece-Crete X X X 5 Greece-Nestos X X 6 Turkey-Karapinar X X 7 Turkey-Eskeshir X X 8 Morocco X X X X 9 Tunesia X X 10 Russia-DJA X 11 Russia-NOV X 12 China X X X 14 Botswana X X X 14 Mexico X X X X 17 Chile X X X ? ? 18 Cape Verde X X A V M S Irrigation Use icons… A farmer may be illiterate , but he/she may use a smartphone with icons Illiterate does not mean unused to technology
  7. 7. Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009 Possible icons for techniques
  8. 8. Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009 Using symbols 16 MDG targets Colour signifies progress
  9. 9. Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009 Summarizing results of WB4 • Evaluation tables (the same as in WB3 but based on the experiments: ecology – socio-economy - culture Several answers possible negligible (0-5%) little (5-20%) medium (20-50%) high (>50%) quantify (indicate unit) before conserv. quantify (indicate unit) after conserv. specify / comments 3.1.1.1 Production and socio-economic benefits increased crop yield     ............ ............ ................................................ increased fodder production     ............ ............ ................................................ increased fodder quality     ............ ............ ................................................ increased animal production     ............ ............ ................................................ increased wood production     …........ …........ ................................................ reduced risk of production failure     ............ ............ ................................................ increased drinking / household water availability / quality     ............ ............ ................................................ increased water availability / quality for livestock     ............ ............ ................................................ increased irrigation water availability / quality     ............ ............ ................................................ reduced demand for irrigation water     ............ ............ ................................................ reduced expenses on agricultural inputs     ............ ............ ................................................ increased farm income     ............ ............ ................................................ community institution strengthening     ............ ............ ................................................ national institution strengthening     ............ ............ ................................................ improved conservation / erosion knowledge     ............ ............ ................................................ conflict mitigation     ............ ............ ................................................ improved situation of socially and economically disadvantaged groups (gender, age, status, ethnicity etc)     ............ ............ ................................................ improved food security / self-sufficiency (reduced dependence on ext. support)     ............ ............ ................................................ improved health     ............ ............ ................................................ others (specify):     ............ ............ ................................................ ......................................................     ............ ............ ................................................ ......................................................     ............ ............ ................................................ ......................................................     ............ ............ ................................................ 3.1.1.3 Ecological benefits increased water quantity     ............ ............ ................................................ increased water quality     ............ ............ ................................................ improved harvesting / collection of water (runoff, dew, snow, etc)     ............ ............ ................................................ increased soil moisture     ............ ............ ................................................ reduced evaporation     ............ ............ ................................................ reduced surface runoff     ............ ............ ................................................ improved excess water drainage     ............ ............ ................................................ recharge of groundwater table/aquifer     ............ ............ ................................................ reduced hazard towards adverse events (drought, floods, storms, …)     ............ ............ ................................................ reduced wind velocity     ............ ............ ................................................ improved soil cover     ............ ............ ................................................ increased biomass / above ground C     ............ ............ ................................................ increased nutrient cycling / recharge     ............ ............ ................................................ increased soil organic matter / below ground C     ............ ............ ................................................
  10. 10. Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009 Proposal for display Ecology Socio-Economy Cultural “Contour ploughing”
  11. 11. Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009 Proposal for display Runoff Soil water increase Costly (fuel) Use local indicators? Fields incorrect shape
  12. 12. Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009 This may generate a useful overview Reason x Reason y Reason z
  13. 13. Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009Panel Review Meeting, Brussels, 17th June 2009Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th October 2010 Results and messages • Result: erosion in Portugal is maybe a few tons per ha! Compared to China e.g. it is not very impressive. • But this eroded material is very rich in nutrients (forest soil) so not the amount matters but the type of material. • The increase in moisture in Tunisia of a technique may be 40 mm. • This may be significant for the survival of Olive trees. • Conservation in China may limit sediment loss on the fields, but the gullies will still produce sediment • So the off-site effects (siltation rivers) may not change in the short term
  14. 14. Plenary Meeting, Xi’an, 13th June 2009 Simplification On the one hand: • As a scientist your feeling will be to disagree with the simplification, argue that something is not exactly true • Ask yourself how important your feeling is compared to the overall impression • If you still don’t agree make changes On the other hand: • Simple is not stupidity • For simple problems the public expects simple solutions • Show the result to your family, and ask what they have understood

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