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Emanuel Elsar Grammar Book

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Emanuel Elsar Grammar Book

  1. 1. Spanish 3 Grammar Book<br />Emanuel Elsar<br />5th Period<br />
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS<br />El Pretérito<br />Pretérito TriggerWords<br />El Imperfecto<br />Imperfecto TriggerWords<br />Comparativos y Superlativos<br />Connecting/TransitionWords<br />Verbslike Gustar<br />Snake-y & Snake Verbs<br />Spock Verbs<br />Car/Gar/Zar Verbs<br />Ser vs Estar<br />El Futuro<br />FutureTriggerWords<br />Irregular-Futuro<br />Por<br />Para<br />Cucaracha Verbs<br />
  3. 3. El Pretérito: Action<br />The Preterite is a completed action. It narrrates past and specific events. The events are usually single, state the beginning and end of an action, and are usually a chain of events. Sometimes, they may repeat.<br />Para ejemplo: Fueron a Buenos Aires en el anopasado. (It’s a completed event in the past.<br />
  4. 4. Preterite Trigger Words<br />
  5. 5. El Imperfecto: Ongoingcondition<br />TheImperfectis a continouts event, that has no referencetobeginningorend. Imperefectevents are often habitual, and describe physical and emotionalstates. Imperfectverbsincludebackgroundinfolike time, weather, and location.<br />Para ejemplo: Vivíamos en una casa mas grande. (Continuousaction.)<br />
  6. 6. Imperfect Trigger Words<br />
  7. 7. Comparatives/Superlatives<br />Comparatives come in four different forms.<br />• Mas… que (More than)<br />• Menos… que (Less than)<br />• Tan… como<br />• Tanto… como (Both of equal nature)<br />Ejemplos: <br />La casa es grande- 1st<br />El granero es más grande que la casa-2nd<br />El castillo es el más grande de todos-3rd MORE THAN!<br />Este dinosaurio es feraz.<br />Este dinosaurio es menos feraz que el otro.<br />Este dinosaurio es menos feraz que en el mundo.<br /> LESS THAN!<br />Este carro es rápido.<br />Este carro es tan rápido que el otro.<br /> EQUALITY!<br /> When using numbers, you write mas DE & menos de!<br />
  8. 8. Connecting/Transition Words<br />
  9. 9. Verbs like Gustar<br />When gustar is followed by one or more verbs in the infinitive, the singular form of gustar is always used.<br />You conjugate the verbs in the exact way how you conjugate gustar in the preterite, present, and imperfect. <br />Ejemplos:<br /> A Adela lee encanta la música de Shakira.<br /> A nosnosotrosfascinan los grupos de pop latino. <br /> David y Juan les molestanlevantantemprano<br />Lucia le encantanlaspelículas de terror.<br />A nosotrostodosnosimportan le educación.<br />
  10. 10. SNAKE & SNAKEY<br />
  11. 11. SPOCK VERBS<br />SER<br />DAR<br />IR<br />VER<br />HACER<br />
  12. 12. CAR/GAR/ZAR VERBS<br />Verbs that end in gar change to gu.<br />Verbs that end in zar change to c.<br />Verbs that end in car change to qu.<br />They have the same endings as regular preterite verbs, i.e. é. They only change in the yo form.<br />
  13. 13. SER<br />SOY<br />ERES<br />ES<br />SOMOS<br />SON<br />SER describes things that won’t change. Use SER if you want to talk about what something is.<br />
  14. 14. ESTAR: TO BE<br />ESTOY<br />ESTAS<br />ESTA<br />ESTAMOS<br />ESTAN<br />Addresses condition. Use Estar to talk about how something is. <br />
  15. 15. El Futuro<br />What will/shall happen?<br />
  16. 16. Future Trigger Words<br />
  17. 17. Future Irregular Verbs<br />11!<br />DECIR DIR é <br />HACER HAR <br />PONER PONDR ás<br />SALIR SALDR <br />TENER TENDR á<br />VALER VALDR<br />VENIR VENDR <br />PODER PODR<br />QUERER QUERRemos<br />SABER SABR<br />CABER CABR án<br />HABER HABR <br />
  18. 18. POR<br />Por differs from Para slightly.<br />Ejemplos: <br />Passing Through/Movement: PORtal. (Este trenpasa POR Tejas.)<br />General Location: PORtugal. (No se si hay unapiscina POR aqui.)<br />The duration: POREVER. (Viajamosportressemanas.)<br />The cause of something: PORpuse. (Me caípor la nieve.)<br />Doing something in place of: (I’m POR, pay for me.)<br />Transportation: (Viajarépor el avión.)<br />
  19. 19. PARA<br />For the Benefit of someone: PARAty. (Compraremos un regalo PARA Sara.)<br />Going to a specific place: PARAguay. (Voy a Paraguay para la navidad.)<br />Purpose for which something is done: PARAsites. (Compréanteojos PARA vermejor.)<br />Expressing opinion: PARAdon me, pero. (Para mí, los ejercicios son fantásticos.)<br />Contrast/Compare: (Para maestro, no sabe mucho de lasmatematicas.)<br />
  20. 20. CUCARACHA VERBS<br />

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