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Grammar in isolation vs grammar in context

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Grammar in isolation vs grammar in context

  1. 1. Grammar in Isolation vs Grammar in Context Amos Tan Rurng Jang Al Samihah Amni bt Dollah @ Abdul Aziz Munirah bt Hashim
  2. 2. Grammar in Isolation • Teaching separately in a lesson • Focus on form and meaning only • Language learning • Exercise : repetition, manipulation, grammatical transformation • Prescriptive/descriptive approaches
  3. 3. • To understand grammatical forms and be able to use them • Cover the ability to understand grammatical forms • Cover the ability to use these grammatical forms for communicative purpose
  4. 4. The purpose for using grammar in isolation • To identify students’ own performance • It helps teacher to set the level and make improvement on the next lesson • To make sure pupils recognize the rules and regulation of grammar • Ex : past tense, present tense, irregular verbs.
  5. 5. • Teacher can selectively choose which grammar items to cover in this grammar course, so that the instruction can be effectively focused on items that are more important. • Give teachers as well as learners plenty of time to understand the grammatical forms and produce them in communication tasks
  6. 6. Issues • Confusing • Grammar is about rules of language : pupils become bored and stress (they have to memorize directly) • Not enjoying • Students could not connect the grammar with their language or the lessons with their lives
  7. 7. How to overcome • Fun activities • Choose effective methods • Make discussion • Activities related with daily situation
  8. 8. Grammar in context • involves teaching grammar in relations to the context of the situation the utterances are usually used • Focus on forms, meaning and usage • Language acquisition • Requires commitment to teach • Specific instruction would be given to individual students
  9. 9. • Applicable while teaching other skills • Eg: listening, writing, reading, speaking and language arts. • Teaching grammar in context provides a meaningful framework that connects to reality in the targeted language‖ (Anderson, 2005). • An approach through which learners can learn how to form structures correctly, and also how to use them to communicate meaning (Nunan, 1998, p.103) • Learners will use grammatical conventions more effectively in communication if they learn them in context.
  10. 10. HOW TO TEACH GRAMMAR IN CONTEXT • Example : using dialogues --> the use of dialogues generally matches learners‘ expectations of how language is used in the real world: people use language primarily to talk to each other‖ (Thornbury, 1999, p.76).
  11. 11. reference • http://prezi.com/w8fgmvng-a8k/grammar-in-isolation/ • http://www.scribd.com/doc/136927500/tsl-3108-TOPIC-2 • http://workpurpose.wordpress.com/2012/07/04/grammar-in- context-vs-grammar-in-isolation/#jp-carousel-119 • Teaching Grammar in Context: Why and How? By Çağrı Tuğrul Mart http://www.project-read.com/teaching-grammar-in- context/

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