Present tense is further dividedinto four partsPresent TensePresent indefinite Present continuous Present perfectPresent perfectconituousSimple
The Present Simple Tenseis used to describe:1. Facts which are always true – general truths,e.g. facts in science and geographicaldescriptions.Water freezes at 0 degrees. 0º
The Present Simple Tenseis used to describe:2. Actions that happen regularly (Habitualactions). A frequency adverb is oftenused.They usually take awalk with their son
The Present Simple Tenseis used to describe:3. Opinions, likes and feelings.She likes makingsnowmen
See the table for further clarificationwe use subject+base form of verbin affirmative sentences.SubjectSubject 11ststform of verb.form of verb.II Drive.youyou Drive.WeWe Drive.TheyThey Drive.*He/she/it*He/she/it Drives.
The present simple affirmative• Children like ice-cream very much(They).
THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE(Affirmative)She works on her basket afterdinner every day.
THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSEAFFIRMATIVE: WORKIYOUWORKSHEHEITWORKSWEYOUTHEYWORK
3rdperson singular - spelling1. In general, the third person singular is formed byadding an s to the base verb.work He works2. Verbs ending in ss,x,ch,sh,o add “es” to the thirdperson singular.dress She dressesfix He fixeswatch She watches T.V.wash She washesgo It goes !3. Verbs ending in consonant + y, changes the y to iand add “es”Consonant + y i + es: cry – cries, fly – flies, terrify– terrifies
Present simpleMore examplesI go to school every day.She speaks English fluently.The sun rises in the east. (It)Paper burns easily. (It)Water boils at 100 degrees celcius. (It)My parents work in a hospital (They)
Points to remember• Remember that we sayI work, but he works.They teach but my sister (She) teaches.We sing but Rihanna (She) sings.• Don’t forget the –s in 3rdperson singular(e.g., he, she, it, Peter, Jane, My father, etc)
THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE(Interrogative)DODOESES HEHE WORKWORK AS A DOCTOR?YES, HE DOES
Interrogative sentences• We have discussed affirmative sentencesearlier, now will discuss Interrogativesentences.• We use Do/Does to make questions.• Ex: Do You drive?• Does she sing? Etc.
THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSEINTERROGATIVE: WORKDO IYOUWORK?DOESSHEHEITWORK?DOWEYOUTHEYWORK?
THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE(Negative)HE DOESN’T WORK AS A DOCTOR, HE WORKS ASA TAXI DRIVER
Negative sentences• We use do/does to make negativesentences.• Ex: I don’t go to the market in theevening.• Sally doesn’t take sugar in hercoffee. (She).
THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSENEGATIVE: WORKIYOUDO NOTDON’TWORKSHEHEITDOES NOTDOESN’TWORKWEYOUTHEYDO NOTDON’TWORK
Complete the sentencesusing one of the following verbs•Speak, live, open, drink, close1.Ann____German very well.2.The swimming pool_____at 9 o’clock and______at 6 p.m.3.My parents _____in a very small flat.4.we_____coffee in the evening.
ExerciseComplete each question, using the correctform of the present simple, and give shortanswers.•You/watch/T.V? Yes,______.•You and your friends/play/much sport?No_______•The place where you live /have/a shoppingmall? Yes________•She/speak/Hindi? No, _________
Make negative and Interrogative sentencesusing the correct form of verb1.Jane _____(not/drink) tea very often.2.What time ____ (the bank/close) in Britain?3.What ______(you/do) in the evening?4.I ____(not/play) tennis very well.
Future! What is it?Future! What is it?In English we don’t have ONEfuture tense. We use severalforms to talk about differentideas about the future.
WILLWILLWe use will + infinitive without to:to express a sudden decision made at the moment ofspeaking.Ok, I’ll see you on FridayTo express intention or promise.Don’t worry, I’ll go and buy some food for youTo express a prediction based on opinion or beliefs.It will rain in the eveningTo make a request or an offer.
Future Tense: Will→ FormAffirmative: I will travel to Madrid in OctoberInterrogative : Will you travel by bus?Negative : I will not travel - won’tWill you travel by train or by bus?I won’t travel by bus I will probably travel by train
I have a nice dress! Iwill go to the partytonight!
We think he willwin thecompetition!He is aSpiderman!
EXERCISES• Write sentences in future:1. Barbara/ pass the exam2. Jack / win the game3. Sue / like her present4. The weather / be nice tomorrow• Write the negative1. You´ll sleep2. I´ll forget3. It will happen4. You´ll find it
Completed Action in the PastExamples:I saw a movie yesterday.Last year, I traveled to Japan.She washed her car.They went downtown last week.
English has two types of verbs in the past tense:Regular verbsIrrregular verbsLook at the followinglist of past verbs:Which are regular andwhich are irregular?•Checked•Liked•Ate•Drank•Went•Designed•Came•leasedRegularRegularIrregularIrregularIrregularRegularIrregularregular
Regular verbs end in –ed.I study after school every day.I studied yesterday for a test.(regular verb: study)Carol and Jack dance very well.They danced a lot at the party.(regular verb: dance)
Verb ending in...How to make the simplepastExamplese Add -Dlive - livedlove - lovedConsonant + y Change y to i, then add -EDtry - triedcry – criedOne consonant + Onevowel + one consonant =CVC , (but NOT x, w or y)Double the consonant, thenadd -EDplan - plannedtap – tappedMore than one syllable andends in CVCOnly double the finalconsonat and add –ed if thestress is on the finalsyllable.Occur – o/ccu’r –occurredPrefer – Pre/fe´r –Preferred.[anything else] Add -ED work- workedwant - wanted
Irregular verbs Don’t end in –ed. Some irregular verbs changethe word.They go to the movies once a week.They went to the movies last night.(irregular verb: go)My family and I have a picnic every Sunday.We had a picnic last month.(irregular verb: have)
Simple form•Eat•Drink•Go•Come•Make•HitNote: See more irregular verbs page 231 or look up on these links:http://www.saberingles.com.ar/lists/irregular-verbs.htmlhttp://www.saberingles.com.ar/lists/verbs2.htmlSimple past•Ate•Drank•Went•Came•Made•Hit
Some common time expression used withpast simple:YesterdayLast weekLast yearLast month2 minutes ago,in 1990,the other day
Write the Simple Past Tense form of these verbs.1. Start2. Lose3. Need4. Think5. Rain6. Fly7. Want8. Stand9. Work10. Sell11. Visit12. Build13. Run14. Play15. TakeComplete the sentences with the Simple Past.1. He (take) _________ the bus to work.2. Diana (lose) __________ her purse3. I (buy) _________ the newspaper this morning.4. We ( visit) __________ Aunt Mary yesterday.5. The students (watch) _________ a video in class.6. The cat (drink) _______ some milk this afternoon.
Anita played volleyball in high school.Anita did not play volleyball in high school.My brother ran in a race.My brother did not run in a race.Subject + did not + verb (base form) + complementThe contraction of “did not “ is “didn`t.”
Change the sentences to Simple Past Negative.1. I went.2. You played.3. She saw.4. We ate.5. Bill cried.6. Peter bought.7. They listened.8. He knew.9. It came.10. It stopped.11. Luis left.12. They paid.13. He sang.14. I spent.15. The students planned.Complete the sentences using the Simple Past Negative.1. I (went) __________ to a movie last night.2. Mike (came) _______ to class yesterday.3. I (finished) _____________ my homework.4. Jane and I (had) ______ lunch together.5. Matt (wrote) ______ an e – mail to his mother.6. My son (bought) _________ pizza for dinner.7. The teacher (told) _________ us about the mountains.8. The Williams (invited) __________ John for Chirstmas.
AuxiliaryDidSubject Main verb(base form)Complement?DidIYouSheHeseehelpget upspendyou yesterday?your son with his homework?early this morning?A lot of money last week?(+) Alex ate a sandwich.( -) Alex didn`t eat a sandwich.( ?)Did Alex eat a sandwich?Yes, he did / No, he didn`t.(+) It rained a lot yesterday.(- ) It didn’t rain a lot yesterday.(?) Did it rain a lot yesterday?Yes, it did. / No, it didn`t.
Practice making questions in the past tense.1. You took.2. She broke3. They ran4. Alex bought5. Sara studied.6. Sam threw.7. I made8. It froze9. Jake slept.10. It listened11. She fell.12. We lost.Change the following sentences into questions.Ericka bought a brand new car last week.Did she buy a brand new car last week?1.You ate dinner at a fancy restaurant last night.2.They waited for their parents at the airport for hours.3.They came to class on time today.4.He finished his homework at 9:00 last night.5.She got a letter from Cuba yesterday.6.We went to the zoo with the kids last weekend.7.The fish tasted awful after three days.8.Linda fell in the snow when she first arrived in Trujillo.
Wh -worddid Subject Verb(base form)Complement?WhatWhereHowWhyWhenWhodidTheyHeYouSheheyouPlayGo?FixLeave?Arrive?Call?Last night?It?What? The played soccer.Where? He went to the shopping mall.How? I used glue.Why? She left because she was sick.When? He arrived 2 hours ago.Who? I called my mother.
1. She pushed her bike.2. She carried a bag.3. The policeman arrested the thief4. We ate fish5. I opened the door6. The teacher checked our homework7. Cindy had a dog8. Billy ate an apple9. The boy read a book10.He paid the bill11.The teacher pointed to the board12.He clicked the mouse button13.Robby Robber robbed a bank14.The house burnt down15.The children respected their teacherExercise on questions with interrogativeAsk for the bold part of the sentence