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Eric's presentation

  1. 1. Type 1 Diabetes By Eric Lopez Period. 3
  2. 2. Standards2f Students know the role of chromosomes indetermining an individual’s sex.9f Students know the individual functions and sites ofsecretion of digestive enzymes (amylases, proteases,nucleases, lipases), stomach acids, and bile salts.
  3. 3. What is type 1 diabetes?Dictionary Term: A disorder of themetabolism causing excessive thirstand the production of large amountsof urine.Type 1 diabetes is when your pancreascan no longer produce insulin. Whenwe ingest glucose (sugar) it enters ourbloodstream, but this is not possiblewithout insulin.Insulin makes it possible for the cells totake in glucose. Without insulin ourbodies can not receive energy and thebody doesn’t grow, because theglucose can never enter ourbloodstream. It is a metabolic disorderbecause it has to do with our digestivesystem and how it breaks down ournutrients, and this is how it relates toDiabetes.
  4. 4. Diabetes Free! People without diabetes have a functioning pancreas. This means that the pancreas is giving the right amount of insulin for the amount of food a person might eat. This means the body’s blood sugar level is decreasing by itself. This happens every time a person without diabetes eats.
  5. 5. Diabetes Type 1 Type 2Cure: None Cure: There is not exactly a cure but with a health diet, healthyTreatments: Insulin eating habits, and exercise diabetes can go away.injections, food plans,checking blood sugar Treatment: Diet exercise, weightregularly, and daily exercise. loss, and medication. Insulin may be used but it is not common.Age: 5- 25( Usually aroundthis age but can occur at any Age: 26-up (Can happen toage, even birth). younger people, recently even children).5%-10% of people withDiabetes have Type 1. 90%-95% of people with diabetes have type 2.Pancreas produce little or noinsulin. Body produces insulin but not properly.
  6. 6. How to prevent type 1 diabetes?There is no way to prevent type 1 diabetes, little is known about thedisorder. What is known is that some factors that cause it aregenetic and can be because of an exposure to a virus.Doctors are unable to tell who will have it and who will not, but if afamily member (parents or siblings) have it, the chances areincreased for that entire family.A mother and a father both give 23 chromosomes to their baby.From this we have the X and Y chromosome and the 23rdchromosome from dad determines the sex of the baby. If the y ispresent the baby is a boy. The Y chromosome gives characteristics,and so does the inactive type 1 diabetic gene. If one of the genesgiven to the baby is the gene that carries the type 1 diabetesdisorder the child can grow up and be diabetic or the child may not.What this mean is that like the Y gives male traits to the baby, thetype 1 diabetic gene can determine traits of the baby if the gene isactive.
  7. 7. Type 1 DiabetesSome of the symptomsare: Increased thirst and urination. Constant hunger Extreme weight loss Blurry vision Excessive tiredness
  8. 8. Symptoms of… High Blood Sugar Low Blood SugarTired IrritabilityIncreased Urination FrustrationThirst Sudden CryingWeight Loss Extreme TirednessChange in vision ConfusionMoodiness RestlessnessUnable to concentrate Unusual BehaviorTingling of the hands and Seizuresfeet Dazed appearance
  9. 9. Gradual ProblemsIf you have diabetes, manyyears later you will havemore problems… Heart and blood vessel disease Nerve damage Kidney damage Eye damage Foot damage Skin and mouth conditions Osteoporosis Pregnancy complications Hearing problems
  10. 10. Some FactsDIABETES STATISTICS:In the USA - 200717.9m people are diagnosed with diabetes5.7m people are undiagnosed with diabetes57m people have pre-diabetes186,300 (0.22%) people under 20 have diabetes1 in every 400 to 600 under 20-year olds have Type 1 diabetes2m adolescents have pre-diabetes23.5m (10.7%) of those over 20 have diabetes12.2m of those over 60 have diabetes12m men (11.2%) have diabetes11.5m women (10.2%) have diabetesAmerican Diabetes Association
  11. 11. Some Facts (Cont.)“Scientists do know that in most people with type 1diabetes, their bodys own immune system — whichnormally fights harmful bacteria and viruses —mistakenly destroys the insulin-producing (islet) cellsin the pancreas.”
  12. 12. Sources