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Water Conservation


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Water conservation, methods of conservation of water, domestic,industrial and agricultural conservation of water, strategies of conservation of water,

Published in: Environment
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Water Conservation

  2. 2. CONTENTS Sl.No Content Slide 1 Introduction 3 2 Domestic conservation 6 3 Industrial conservation 12 4 Agricultural conservation 13 5 Strategies 15 6 Conclusion 16 7 Resources and credits 18
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION  Water is essential for life and is always the talk of the town either due to too much of it or too little of it  Water conservation are economical and environmentally sound ways to reduce water consumption and store water for future use.
  4. 4. WATER CONSERVATION  Water conservation is the careful use and protection of water resources and involves both the quantity and quality of water used.  Water is indispensable resource for the sustenance of all life and is the basic need for all activities right from domestic use to agricultural and industry.  With the ever-increasing pressure of human population, there has been a severe stress on water resources.  Neglect of traditional water bodies like tanks and ponds, indiscriminate and exploitation of groundwater, improper maintenance of surface water systems has aggravated the problem still further and is likely to increase in the years to come
  5. 5.  The objective of water conservation can be achieved through concrete efforts on the conservation and utilization of water on sustainable basis with a focus on holistic planning and sustainable development of sources of water  The goals of water conservation efforts include as follows: • To ensure availability for future generations. • The withdrawal of fresh water from an ecosystem should not exceed its natural replacement rate.
  6. 6. DOMESTIC CONSERVATION  Indoor conservation  Outdoor conservation
  7. 7. INDOOR CONSERVATION  Shorten your shower by a minute or two and you'll save up to 150 gallons per month.  Monitor your water bill for unusually high use. Your bill and water meter are tools that can help you discover leaks.  Grab a wrench and fix that leaky faucet. It's simple, inexpensive, and you can save 140 gallons a week.  Teach children to turn off faucets tightly after each use.  Turn off the water while brushing your teeth! This will, on the average, save 3 gallons of water for each time you brush.  Use conserving appliances, such as low-volume shower heads, efficient dishwashers and washing machines etc.  Use low-flow toilets, and flush the toilet only when really necessary
  8. 8. OUTDOOR CONSERVATION  Use a bucket of water to clean your car instead of a hose  Sweep sidewalks, driveways and patios instead of hosing.  Clean gutters and downspouts manually, without using a hose.  Cultivate the soil regularly so water can penetrate and develop a good root system.  In arid and semi-arid regions, replace lush green lawns with decorative rock garden  Methods to harvest rainwater should be provided
  9. 9.  Use gray water from washing machines to water vegetation  Water lawns and plants in the early morning, late afternoon or at night so as to reduce evaporation  Use drip or sprinkle irrigation and place water-holding mulch around garden plants  In arid and semi-arid regions, plant drought-resistant vegetation that needs less water  Local bodies should install water-meter and encourage water pricing policies in which water is much more expensive beyond some baseline amount.
  10. 10. INDUSTRIAL CONSERVATION Water conservation measures that can be taken by industries and manufacturing units include:  Using dry cool cooling systems or cooling towers that use less water  Reuse the cooling water for irrigation or other purposes  Industries and manufacturing units should curb water withdrawals wherever possible by increasing in-plant treatment and recycling of water or by developing new equipment and processes that require less water  Recycled water should be used for floor washing, and other such purposes
  11. 11. Agriculture is the biggest water user and perhaps half of all the agricultural water used is lost to leaks in irrigation canals and application to areas where plants do not grow, runoff and evaporation. Improved agricultural irrigation could reduce withdrawals by between 20 to 30%. Tremendous saving may be achieved by implementing following agricultural conservation measures:  Use lined or covered canals that reduce seepage and evaporation  Use improved irrigation techniques, such as sprinklers or drip irrigation  Irrigate fields in the early morning or at night when evaporation is minimal AGRICULTURAL CONSERVATION
  12. 12.  Adopt better farming techniques, such as minimum tillage, leaving crop residue on fields and ground cover on drainage ways, intercropping etc.  Use mulch to help retain water around plants  Price agricultural water to encourage conservation  Integrate the use of surface and ground water so as to have a more effective use of the total resources. For instance, irrigate with surplus surface water when it is abundant and also use surplus surface water to recharge groundwater aquifers; and when surface water is in short supply, use more ground water for irrigation  In arid and semi-arid regions, encourage the development of crops that require less water and are drought resistant
  13. 13. STRATEGIES TO SUPPORT WATER CONSERVATION Some of the strategies that can support water conservation activities and tackle the water scarcity problem include:  Rain water harvesting • Roof top rainwater harvesting • Revival of traditional water harvesting structures • Micro-catchment water harvesting • Recharge structures for wells and bore wells  Sustainable water utilisation • Minimise domestic water consumption • Recycling of waste water • Improved irrigation methods  Encourage natural regeneration of vegetation and supplementing with artificial regeneration  Maintain and improve quality of water • Collection and treatment of waste water effluents • Pollution check  Awareness building on water conservation
  14. 14. CONCLUSION  Wasting water has become a significant environmental problem, both at consumer and industrial levels. Hence, it has become important for individuals and businesses alike to find out ways to reduce the wastage of water and conserve it.  There are a lot of ways that we can conserve water at our home, industries and agricultural fields.  Instead of waiting for somebody else to start conserving, let us, as an individual, take the first step towards conserving water!
  16. 16. Wikipedia : Water conservation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.html Textbook : A Basic Course In Environmental Studies By S Deswal and A Deswal RESOURCES AND CREDITS