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PEACE EDUCATION:
A Transformative Response to
Major Societal Changes
Prepared and Reported by:
Nickole G. Ordiales
JulieAn...
PEACE
8/13/2015
EDUCATION
A Transformative
Response to Major
Societal Challenges
8/13/2015
8/13/2015
PEACE begins with a
SMILE
----Mother Teresa
8/13/2015
PEACE IS THE
ABSENCE OF….
WAR
PHYSICAL VIOLENCE
EXTREME POVERTY
STARVATION
AVOIDABLE DISEASES
DISCRIMINATION
DEN...
Structural violence occurs when
the wealth of affluent nations,
groups or individuals is based on
the labor and the essent...
8/13/2015
Human behaviors
depend on the
availability of resources.
Peace
Negative Peace Positive Peace
Absence of direct/physical
Violence (both macro and micro)
Presence of conditions of w...
Interpersonal
Peace
Intergroup/Social
Peace
Global Peace
Peace Between Humans And The Earth And
Beyond
Personal
Peace
Resp...
What is violence?
• It is a “humanly inflicted harm”- Betty Reardon
• It is a result of unequal distribution of resources ...
8/13/2015
8/13/2015
Level
Form of Violence Personal
Interpersonal/Commu
nity
National Global
Direct
Physical
Suicide
Drug abuse
Domestic viole...
PEACE EDUCATION AS
TRANSFORMATIVE EDUCATION
It promotes the culture of peace that is essential in
transforming peaceful so...
8/13/2015
The Peaceable Teaching-
Learning Process
COGNITIVE PHASE
(Being aware,
Understanding)
ACTIVE PHASE
(Taking practical actio...
Why Educate for
Peace?
Peace Education seeks to transform the present human
condition by “changing social structures and p...
8/13/2015
EDUCATION is the
VACCINE for VIOLENCE
-Edward James Olmos
Peace Education as a
Practical Alternative
Education is the best way to promote peace in teaching the
students (the societ...
8/13/2015
Peace Education as an Ethical
Imperative
These ethical principles include the unity and value of life,
not only of human l...
Peace Education’s Shema of Knowledge,
Skills and Attitudes/Values
Attitudes/Values
1. Self-respect
2. Respect for others
3...
8/13/2015
Spiritual and Faith Traditions
as Resources for Peace
Common Peace Teachings that the
Various Spiritual Traditions Subscri...
8/13/2015
#1. UPHOLDING HUMAN
DIGNITY
Human Dignity- is defined as the fundamental
innate worth of a human being, a principle that i...
8/13/2015
CEDAW
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination
Against Women also known as the International Bill of
Rights ...
Aims of CEDAW:
1. To bring about substantive equality of
women
2. Prohibits actions and policies that put
women at a disad...
8/13/2015
8/13/2015
UNIVERSAL DECLARATION
OF HUMAN RIGHTS
The recognition of human rights as a significant international
concern came at the c...
Five Major Types of Human
Rights
1. Civil Rights (Self)
2. Political Rights (Country)
3. Economics Rights (Wealth)
4. Soci...
CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF
THE CHILD
1. Survival
2. Development
3. Protection
4. Participation
8/13/2015
#2: Challenging
Prejudice and Building
Tolerance
Gordon Allport (1958) asserts that humans have a propensity toward
prejud...
8/13/2015
POLITICA
L PARTY
SEXUAL
ORIENTATION
RELIGIOUS
BELIEFSOCCUPATION
RACE
NATIONALITY
8/13/2015
Types of
Prejudice
COLOUR
( A Poem Written by an African Child which was Nominated as The Best Poem of 2005)
When I born, I black; When I gro...
8/13/2015
2. SEXISM
Subordination on others on the basis of sex
8/13/2015
3. HETEROSEXISM
negative attitudes towards lesbians and gay men
8/13/2015
4. Classism –
distancing from and
perceiving the poor
as “the other”.
8/13/2015
5. Ageism – negative attitudes held against
the young or the elderly.
8/13/2015
6. Looksism – prejudice against those who do not measure
up to set standards of beauty. The usual victims are th...
8/13/2015
7. Linguicism – negative attitudes
which members of dominant language
groups hold against non-dominant
language ...
8/13/2015
8. Religious intolerance - prejudice against those
who are followers of religious other than one’s own.
MUSLIMS
...
Education for Tolerance and
respect
Why teach tolerance?
 UNESCO asserts that education is the most effective means of
pr...
8/13/2015
#3: Promoting
Nonviolence
Nonviolence is the refusal to do harm to other humans life is sacred
and is an absolute value. I...
8/13/2015
“An eye for an eye makes the
whole world blind”
Mahatma Gandhi
“Nonviolence does not seek to
defeat or humiliate...
#4: Challenging the War
System
War is classical or international if it is between states, or civil
or internal, if it occu...
8/13/2015
8/13/2015
8/13/2015
8/13/2015
8/13/2015
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8/13/2015
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PEACE EDUCATION-A Transformative Response to Major Societal Challenges

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PEACE EDUCATION-A Transformative Response to Major Societal Challenges

  1. 1. PEACE EDUCATION: A Transformative Response to Major Societal Changes Prepared and Reported by: Nickole G. Ordiales JulieAnne Millano BSEd III-R, Phy. Sci. Ed. Teresa Abainza Professor, Social Dimension of Education Bicol University College of Education Daraga, Albay A.Y: 2015-2016 8/13/2015
  2. 2. PEACE 8/13/2015 EDUCATION A Transformative Response to Major Societal Challenges
  3. 3. 8/13/2015
  4. 4. 8/13/2015 PEACE begins with a SMILE ----Mother Teresa
  5. 5. 8/13/2015 PEACE IS THE ABSENCE OF…. WAR PHYSICAL VIOLENCE EXTREME POVERTY STARVATION AVOIDABLE DISEASES DISCRIMINATION DENIAL OF HUMAN RIGHTS STRUCTURAL VIOLENCE
  6. 6. Structural violence occurs when the wealth of affluent nations, groups or individuals is based on the labor and the essential resources drawn from nations, groups and individuals who, as a consequence, are required to live diminished lives of deprivation (Monez, 1973). Its manifestation is the highly uneven distribution of wealth and resources and power. He formulates “Peace as the absence of violence and the presence of social justice” 8/13/2015 JOHAN GALTUNG Peace theorist and Researcher
  7. 7. 8/13/2015 Human behaviors depend on the availability of resources.
  8. 8. Peace Negative Peace Positive Peace Absence of direct/physical Violence (both macro and micro) Presence of conditions of well-being and just relationships: social, economic, political, ecological Structural Violen Socio-cultural Violence Ecological Violence Direct Violence e.g., war, torture, child and woman abuse Violence e.g., poverty, hunger e.g., racism, sexism, religious intolerance e.g., pollution, overconsumption8/13/2015
  9. 9. Interpersonal Peace Intergroup/Social Peace Global Peace Peace Between Humans And The Earth And Beyond Personal Peace Respect for other persons, Justice, tolerance, cooperation Respect for other persons, Justice, tolerance, cooperation Respect for the environment, Sustainable living, simple lifestyles Harmony with the self Harmony with others Harmony with nature Self- respect, inner resources: love, hope 8/13/2015 Harmony with SACRED SOURCES
  10. 10. What is violence? • It is a “humanly inflicted harm”- Betty Reardon • It is a result of unequal distribution of resources or socio-cultural problem or environmental. 8/13/2015
  11. 11. 8/13/2015
  12. 12. 8/13/2015
  13. 13. Level Form of Violence Personal Interpersonal/Commu nity National Global Direct Physical Suicide Drug abuse Domestic violence Violent crimes Violent crimes Civil War Human Rights Abuses Conventional War Nuclear War Human rights abuses Structural/ Economic, Political Sociocultu - ral/Psycho -logical Powerlessness Alienation Low self- esteem Anxiety Local inequalities National inequalities Global inequalities Poverty, hunger Prejudice/enemy images Cultural domination Racism Sexism Religious intolerance Ecological Over- consumption Over- consumption Pollution Over- consumption Pollution Chemical and Biological Warfare Nuclear power radiation 8/13/2015
  14. 14. PEACE EDUCATION AS TRANSFORMATIVE EDUCATION It promotes the culture of peace that is essential in transforming peaceful society. The role of the school is to promote peace and teach them knowledge base, skills, attitudes and behaviors that can help to transform our society in to peaceful one. 8/13/2015
  15. 15. 8/13/2015
  16. 16. The Peaceable Teaching- Learning Process COGNITIVE PHASE (Being aware, Understanding) ACTIVE PHASE (Taking practical action) AFFECTIVE PHASE (Being concerned, Responding, Valuing) 8/13/2015
  17. 17. Why Educate for Peace? Peace Education seeks to transform the present human condition by “changing social structures and patterns of thought that have created it.”-Betty Reardon The main purpose of peace education are the elimination of social injustice, the rejection of violence and the abolition of war. 8/13/2015
  18. 18. 8/13/2015 EDUCATION is the VACCINE for VIOLENCE -Edward James Olmos
  19. 19. Peace Education as a Practical Alternative Education is the best way to promote peace in teaching the students (the society of tomorrow) nonviolent, humane and ecological alternatives in dealing and eradicating violence. War is accepted as legitimate means to pursue the so-called national interest. 8/13/2015
  20. 20. 8/13/2015
  21. 21. Peace Education as an Ethical Imperative These ethical principles include the unity and value of life, not only of human life but also other life forms in nature; respect for human dignity; nonviolence; justice; and love as a social ethic. They are the principles that are highly encouraged for actualization because they are expected to bring us to the common good. 8/13/2015
  22. 22. Peace Education’s Shema of Knowledge, Skills and Attitudes/Values Attitudes/Values 1. Self-respect 2. Respect for others 3. Gender equality 4. Respect for life/ nonviolence 5. Compassion 6. Global concern 7. Ecological concern 8. Cooperation 9. Openness & tolerance 10. Justice 11. Social responsibility 12. Positive vision Knowledge 1. Holistic concept o peace 2. Conflict & Violence causes 3. Some peaceful alternatives  Disarmament  Nonviolence-Philos.& practice  Conflict resolution, Trans-  formation, prevention  Human rights  Human solidarity  Democratization  Development Based on justice  Sustainable Development Skills 1. Reflection 2. Critical thinking & analysis 3. Decision making 4. Imagination 5. Conflict resolution 6. Empathy 7. Group building8/13/2015
  23. 23. 8/13/2015
  24. 24. Spiritual and Faith Traditions as Resources for Peace Common Peace Teachings that the Various Spiritual Traditions Subscribe to are: 1. Rejection of violence 2. Love and compassion for other humans 3. Love and compassion for other creatures and life forms in nature 4. Respect for human dignity 5. Justice or fairness8/13/2015
  25. 25. 8/13/2015
  26. 26. #1. UPHOLDING HUMAN DIGNITY Human Dignity- is defined as the fundamental innate worth of a human being, a principle that is now universally accepted but has not taken root in the action practices of many governments, communities and other non- state actors. It came from our beliefs in our religions and molded to be mores and became laws. 8/13/2015
  27. 27. 8/13/2015 CEDAW
  28. 28. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women also known as the International Bill of Rights for Women is the only international treaty that comprehensively addresses women’s rights. Philippine Gov’t Enacted Law for Women RA 7877 “anti- sexual harassment act“  RA 8505 “ rape victim assistance & protection act” RA 9262 “ anti – trafficking in person’s act” RA 9262 “ anti – violence against women & children act” CEDAW 8/13/2015
  29. 29. Aims of CEDAW: 1. To bring about substantive equality of women 2. Prohibits actions and policies that put women at a disadvantage whatever its intentions 3. Recognizes the influence of culture & tradition on restricting women’s enjoyment of their right 8/13/2015
  30. 30. 8/13/2015
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  32. 32. UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS The recognition of human rights as a significant international concern came at the close of WWII, with the founding of UN and the adoption of UDHR by UN General Assembly in 1948. ARTICLE 1- ARTICLE 30 ARTICLE 28- Right to Social Order that Articulates this Document ARTICLE 29- Community Duties Essential to Free and Full Development ARTICLE 30- Freedom from State or Personal Interference in the above Rights 8/13/2015
  33. 33. Five Major Types of Human Rights 1. Civil Rights (Self) 2. Political Rights (Country) 3. Economics Rights (Wealth) 4. Social Rights (Community) 5. Cultural Rights (Beliefs) 8/13/2015
  34. 34. CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD 1. Survival 2. Development 3. Protection 4. Participation 8/13/2015
  35. 35. #2: Challenging Prejudice and Building Tolerance Gordon Allport (1958) asserts that humans have a propensity toward prejudice. This propensity lies in their normal tendency to form generalizations and categories whose content represents an over-simplification of their world of experience. Prejudice is the negative feeling or attitude towards a person or a group even if it lacks basis. Stereotype refers to the negative opinion about a person or group based on incomplete knowledge. Discrimination refers to negative actions towards members of a specific social group that may be manifested in avoidance, aversion or even violence. 8/13/2015
  36. 36. 8/13/2015 POLITICA L PARTY SEXUAL ORIENTATION RELIGIOUS BELIEFSOCCUPATION RACE NATIONALITY
  37. 37. 8/13/2015 Types of Prejudice
  38. 38. COLOUR ( A Poem Written by an African Child which was Nominated as The Best Poem of 2005) When I born, I black; When I grow up I black; When I go in sun I black; When I scared, I black; When I sick, I black; And when I die, I still black; And you White fellows; When you born, you pink; When you grow up, you white; When you go in sun, you red; When you cold, you blue; When you scared, you yellow; When you sick, you green; When you die, you grey; And you call me coloured. 1.RACISM Belief of racial superiority
  39. 39. 8/13/2015 2. SEXISM Subordination on others on the basis of sex
  40. 40. 8/13/2015 3. HETEROSEXISM negative attitudes towards lesbians and gay men
  41. 41. 8/13/2015 4. Classism – distancing from and perceiving the poor as “the other”.
  42. 42. 8/13/2015 5. Ageism – negative attitudes held against the young or the elderly.
  43. 43. 8/13/2015 6. Looksism – prejudice against those who do not measure up to set standards of beauty. The usual victims are the over-weight, the undersized and the dark-skinned.
  44. 44. 8/13/2015 7. Linguicism – negative attitudes which members of dominant language groups hold against non-dominant language groups.
  45. 45. 8/13/2015 8. Religious intolerance - prejudice against those who are followers of religious other than one’s own. MUSLIMS VS CHRISTIAN S
  46. 46. Education for Tolerance and respect Why teach tolerance?  UNESCO asserts that education is the most effective means of preventing intolerance. There is a need for schools to educate citizens NOT to accept hateful propaganda about the “different other” and instead appreciate other cultures and respect cultural differences.  Educating for tolerance is a practical alternative. Intolerance has given rise to violence, terrorism and discrimination within societies. A lack of respect for differences, among other factors, has given rise to conflicts between and among groups. Teaching for tolerance will aid in protecting human rights and in saving lives.8/13/2015
  47. 47. 8/13/2015
  48. 48. #3: Promoting Nonviolence Nonviolence is the refusal to do harm to other humans life is sacred and is an absolute value. It is anchored on the belief that humans have the potential to change. Why nonviolence? 1. It is both an ethical and moral choice. 2. Destruction is not the law of human 3. Nonviolence is a practical choice. Tools and effects of violence are costly. 4. Nonviolence works 8/13/2015
  49. 49. 8/13/2015 “An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind” Mahatma Gandhi “Nonviolence does not seek to defeat or humiliate the opponent but to win his friendship and understanding” Martin Luther King Jr. People Power
  50. 50. #4: Challenging the War System War is classical or international if it is between states, or civil or internal, if it occurs between rival groups or communities within a state. POSSIBLE CAUSES OF WAR: 1. Territorial disputes 2. Lack of differences 3. Ideological or power struggles 4. A history of colonialism and the process of decolonization 5. Competition of resources8/13/2015
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