Image of Johan Gatlung Johann Galtung explains that peace is the absence of violence, not only personal or direct, but also structural or indirect. The manifestations of structural violence are the highly uneven distribution of wealth and resources as well as the uneven distribution of power to decide over the distribution of said resources.
witnesses or were mistakenly identified as part of the convoy. The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) has called the Maguindanao massacre the single deadliest event for journalists in history. At least 34 journalists are known to have died in the massacre. Even before the Maguindanao massacre, the CPJ had labeled the Philippines the second most dangerous country for journalists, second only to Iraq.
On January 25, 2015, (6 years after the massacre) another Maguindanao Massacre occurred this time was the 44 members of Philippine National Police-Special Action Force (PNP-SAF) were killed in a ambush inMamasapano, Maguindanao.
Our world is so chaotic of war, social injustices and violence in all forms. Do you want to live and give your children with this kind of society?
The educational system fulfills the peace education mission for society through the schools, which have the authority, the legitimacy, the means, and the conditions to carry it out. Schools are often the only institution that society can formally, intentionally, and extensively use to achieve this mission
"When justice is done, it is a joy to the righteous but terror to evildoers."Proverbs 21:15
We know that war has given birth to this horrendous phenomena such as war time rape and sex slavery, ethnic cleansing and genocide (systematic killling of racial or cultural group).
ADOLF HITLER IMAGES HOLOCAUST VIDEO PRESENTATION
Education can be a vehicle of transformation through teaching Ethical Principles.
Qoutation about being whole.. This are list that of key knowlegde areas, skills, attitudes and values that a student must learn and possess to achieve the transformation of peaceful society.
The list is based on a survey of the Center for peace Education of Miriam College
“DO TO OTHERS WHAT YOU WOULD WANT THEM TO DO UNTO YOU”.the world’s major spiritual and faith traditions inspire and motivate people to embrace peace as a mission.
Some religious believers have gone to war and commited acts of violence in the name of their faith but their teachings indicates resources for peace.
Human dignity is often referred to as human Rights education.
Iin peace education, one of the central concerns is the promotion of human dignity and well being because of the conviction that this a foundation for peace.
The term capital originates from the Latin capitalis, literally "regarding the head" (referring to execution by beheading). Executions of this kind are prohibited under international law.
Although many nations have abolished capital punishment, over 60% of the world's population live in countries where executions take place, such as China, India, the United States and Indonesia, the four most-populous countries in the world, which continue to apply the death penalty (although in India and in many US states it is rarely employed). Each of these four nations has consistently voted against the General Assembly resolutions.
36 countries actively practice capital punishment, 103 countries have completely abolished it de jure for all crimes, 6 have abolished it for ordinary crimes only (while maintaining it for special circumstances such as war crimes), and 50 have abolished it de facto (have not used it for at least ten years and/or are under moratorium).
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MAS INAPABURAN YUNG MAYAYAMAN KESA MAHIHIRAP..
IMAGE OF GOOD LOOKING GUY AND LADY
QOUTES FROM DIFFFERENT PEOPLE.
SAMPLE OF EACH///
PEACE EDUCATION-A Transformative Response to Major Societal Challenges
A Transformative Response to
Major Societal Changes
Prepared and Reported by:
Nickole G. Ordiales
BSEd III-R, Phy. Sci. Ed.
Professor, Social Dimension of Education
College of Education
Response to Major
PEACE begins with a
PEACE IS THE
DENIAL OF HUMAN RIGHTS
Structural violence occurs when
the wealth of affluent nations,
groups or individuals is based on
the labor and the essential
resources drawn from nations,
groups and individuals who, as a
consequence, are required to live
diminished lives of deprivation
Its manifestation is the highly
uneven distribution of wealth and
resources and power.
He formulates “Peace as the
absence of violence and the
presence of social justice”
Peace theorist and
depend on the
availability of resources.
Negative Peace Positive Peace
Absence of direct/physical
Violence (both macro and micro)
Presence of conditions of well-being and just
relationships: social, economic, political,
e.g., war, torture, child and
e.g., poverty, hunger
e.g., racism, sexism, religious intolerance
e.g., pollution, overconsumption8/13/2015
Peace Between Humans And The Earth And
Respect for other persons, Justice, tolerance,
Respect for other persons, Justice,
Respect for the environment, Sustainable living, simple lifestyles
Harmony with the
Harmony with nature
Self- respect, inner resources:
Harmony with SACRED SOURCES
What is violence?
• It is a “humanly inflicted harm”- Betty Reardon
• It is a result of unequal distribution of resources or
socio-cultural problem or environmental.
Form of Violence Personal
Local inequalities National inequalities Global inequalities
Chemical and Biological Warfare
Nuclear power radiation
PEACE EDUCATION AS
It promotes the culture of peace that is essential in
transforming peaceful society.
The role of the school is to promote peace and teach them
knowledge base, skills, attitudes and behaviors that can help
to transform our society in to peaceful one.
The Peaceable Teaching-
(Taking practical action)
Why Educate for
Peace Education seeks to transform the present human
condition by “changing social structures and patterns of
thought that have created it.”-Betty Reardon
The main purpose of peace education are the elimination
of social injustice, the rejection of violence and the
abolition of war.
EDUCATION is the
VACCINE for VIOLENCE
-Edward James Olmos
Peace Education as a
Education is the best way to promote peace in teaching the
students (the society of tomorrow) nonviolent, humane and
ecological alternatives in dealing and eradicating violence.
War is accepted as legitimate means to pursue the so-called
Peace Education as an Ethical
These ethical principles include the unity and value of life,
not only of human life but also other life forms in nature;
respect for human dignity; nonviolence; justice; and
love as a social ethic.
They are the principles that are highly encouraged for
actualization because they are expected to bring us to the
Peace Education’s Shema of Knowledge,
Skills and Attitudes/Values
2. Respect for others
3. Gender equality
4. Respect for life/
6. Global concern
7. Ecological concern
9. Openness & tolerance
11. Social responsibility
12. Positive vision
1. Holistic concept o peace
2. Conflict & Violence causes
3. Some peaceful alternatives
Conflict resolution, Trans-
Development Based on justice
2. Critical thinking &
3. Decision making
5. Conflict resolution
7. Group building8/13/2015
Spiritual and Faith Traditions
as Resources for Peace
Common Peace Teachings that the
Various Spiritual Traditions Subscribe to
1. Rejection of violence
2. Love and compassion for other humans
3. Love and compassion for other
creatures and life forms in nature
4. Respect for human dignity
5. Justice or fairness8/13/2015
#1. UPHOLDING HUMAN
Human Dignity- is defined as the fundamental
innate worth of a human being, a principle that is now
universally accepted but has not taken root in the action
practices of many governments, communities and other non-
It came from our beliefs in our religions and molded to be
mores and became laws.
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination
Against Women also known as the International Bill of
Rights for Women is the only international treaty that
comprehensively addresses women’s rights.
Philippine Gov’t Enacted Law for Women
RA 7877 “anti- sexual harassment act“
RA 8505 “ rape victim assistance & protection
RA 9262 “ anti – trafficking in person’s act”
RA 9262 “ anti – violence against women &
Aims of CEDAW:
1. To bring about substantive equality of
2. Prohibits actions and policies that put
women at a disadvantage whatever its
3. Recognizes the influence of culture &
tradition on restricting women’s
enjoyment of their right
OF HUMAN RIGHTS
The recognition of human rights as a significant international
concern came at the close of WWII, with the founding of UN and
the adoption of UDHR by UN General Assembly in 1948.
ARTICLE 1- ARTICLE 30
ARTICLE 28- Right to Social Order that Articulates this Document
ARTICLE 29- Community Duties Essential to Free and Full
ARTICLE 30- Freedom from State or Personal Interference in
the above Rights
Five Major Types of Human
1. Civil Rights (Self)
2. Political Rights (Country)
3. Economics Rights (Wealth)
4. Social Rights (Community)
5. Cultural Rights (Beliefs)
CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF
Prejudice and Building
Gordon Allport (1958) asserts that humans have a propensity toward
prejudice. This propensity lies in their normal tendency to form generalizations
and categories whose content represents an over-simplification of their world of
Prejudice is the negative feeling or attitude towards a person or a group
even if it lacks basis.
Stereotype refers to the negative opinion about a person or group based
on incomplete knowledge.
Discrimination refers to negative actions towards members of a specific
social group that may be manifested in avoidance, aversion or even violence.
( A Poem Written by an African Child which was Nominated as The Best Poem of 2005)
When I born, I black; When I grow up I black; When I go in sun I black;
When I scared, I black; When I sick, I black;
And when I die, I still black;
And you White fellows;
When you born, you pink;
When you grow up, you white;
When you go in sun, you red;
When you cold, you blue;
When you scared, you yellow;
When you sick, you green;
When you die, you grey;
And you call me coloured.
Belief of racial superiority
Subordination on others on the basis of sex
negative attitudes towards lesbians and gay men
4. Classism –
distancing from and
perceiving the poor
as “the other”.
5. Ageism – negative attitudes held against
the young or the elderly.
6. Looksism – prejudice against those who do not measure
up to set standards of beauty. The usual victims are the over-weight,
the undersized and the dark-skinned.
7. Linguicism – negative attitudes
which members of dominant language
groups hold against non-dominant
8. Religious intolerance - prejudice against those
who are followers of religious other than one’s own.
Education for Tolerance and
Why teach tolerance?
UNESCO asserts that education is the most effective means of
preventing intolerance. There is a need for schools to educate
citizens NOT to accept hateful propaganda about the “different
other” and instead appreciate other cultures and respect
Educating for tolerance is a practical alternative. Intolerance
has given rise to violence, terrorism and discrimination within
societies. A lack of respect for differences, among other factors,
has given rise to conflicts between and among groups. Teaching
for tolerance will aid in protecting human rights and in saving lives.8/13/2015
Nonviolence is the refusal to do harm to other humans life is sacred
and is an absolute value. It is anchored on the belief that humans
have the potential to change.
1. It is both an ethical and moral choice.
2. Destruction is not the law of human
3. Nonviolence is a practical choice. Tools and effects of violence
4. Nonviolence works
“An eye for an eye makes the
whole world blind”
“Nonviolence does not seek to
defeat or humiliate the opponent but
to win his friendship and
Martin Luther King Jr.
#4: Challenging the War
War is classical or international if it is between states, or civil
or internal, if it occurs between rival groups or communities
within a state.
POSSIBLE CAUSES OF WAR:
1. Territorial disputes
2. Lack of differences
3. Ideological or power struggles
4. A history of colonialism and the process of decolonization
5. Competition of resources8/13/2015