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K-12 Curriculum South Asian Arts India and Pakistan Grade 8 arts thrid quarter

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K-12 Curriculum South Asian Arts India and Pakistan Grade 8 arts thrid quarter

  1. 1. South Asia
  2. 2. SOUTH ASIAN COUNTRIES Country Capital Afghanistan Kabul Bhutan Thimpu Bangladesh Dhaka India New Delhi Maldives Male Nepal Katmandu Pakistan Islamabad Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte Colombo
  3. 3. INDIAN ART India - officially the Republic of India (Bhārat Ganarājya) is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largestcountry by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world.
  4. 4. PERIODS OF INDIAN ART Ancient Period (3900 BCE- 1200 CE) Some evidences of the early civilization are bronze and copper statuettes and steatite seals, which show vigor and concern for surface texture as constantly characterized in Indian art.
  5. 5. The Ajanta Caves of Maharashtra, India are 30 rock-cut cave monuments that date back from the 2nd century BCE to the 600 CE, including paintings and sculptures considered to be masterpieces of Buddhist religious art , as well as frescos that are reminiscent of the Sigiriya paintings in Sri Lanka.
  6. 6. AJANTA CAVES OF MAHARASHTRA Ajanta Caves
  7. 7. PERIODS OF INDIAN ART Classical Period ( 5th to 6th centuries) The image of Shiva (as illustrated in the picture), the destroyer, develops into Shiva the Cosmic-dancer represented by a four-armed figure, where one hand holds the fire with which he destroys, another holds a drum, which is the first sound heard in the world during creation, then the third arm points up in a reassuring gesture, and a fourth arm points down to
  8. 8. PERIODS OF INDIAN ART Islamic Ascendancy (1192-1757) or Transitional Period This was the period of evolution from Vedism into Hinduism or Brahmanism. The two great Indian epics: the Mahabharata and the Ramayana emerged in this period.
  9. 9. PERIODS OF INDIAN ART Mogul period ( 16th Century) Moguls contributed to the enrichment of Indian culture, in painting and in architecture. The most splendid example is the Taj Majal built in 1632 by Shah Jahan in memory of his wife.
  10. 10. Taj Mahal- a white domed marble mausoleum in TAJ Agra, MAHAL Uttar Pradesh, India
  11. 11. Diwali Indian New Year
  12. 12. Diwali is celebrated by Hindus in India and all around the world in October or November. It is the Hindu New Year and is either a 3-day or 5-day holiday depending on where you come from. It is a very exciting and colorful holiday, where homes are cleaned to welcome the New Year and windows are opened so that the Hindu goddess of wealth, Lakshmi, can enter. Hindus believed that she cannot enter a house which is not lit up, so every household burns special Diwali clay lamps (diyas) to light the way for the goddess, which is why the holiday is also known as the 'Festival of Lights'.
  13. 13. Hindus interpret the Diwali story based upon where they live: •In North India they celebrate the story of King Rama's return to Ayodhya after he defeated Ravana by lighting rows of clay lamps. •South India celebrates it as the day that Lord Krishna defeated the demon Narakasura. •In western India the festival marks the day that Lord Vishnu, the Preserver (one of the main gods of the Hindu trinity) sent the demon King Bali to rule the nether world.
  14. 14. DIWALI LAMPS FOR SALE IN THE MARKET
  15. 15. DIWALI LAMP OR DIWAS
  16. 16. RANGOLI -is one of the most beautiful and most pleasing art forms of India. It is comprised of two words:'rang' meaning 'color' and 'aavalli' meaning 'colored creepers' or 'row of colors'. Rangoli, the art of making designs or patterns on the walls or the floor of the house, uses finely ground white powder along with different colors. Numerous households in the Indian subcontinent make use of Rangoli designs for decorating the courtyard of their house.
  17. 17. RANGOLI The traditional form of Rangoli made use of designs and motifs based on nature, such as mangoes, creepers, flowers, swans, peacocks, etc. Even the colors in the traditional art form were extracted from natural dyes, like barks of trees, leaves, indigo plant, etc. These days, synthetic dyes have more or less replaced the natural dyes of the earlier times.
  18. 18. RANGOLI The materials used in the Rangoli patterns of today give either a very flat appearance or a 3-D effect. Rangoli designs include geometric patterns, the swastika, lotus, trident, fish, conch, creepers, leaves, trees, flowers, animals, etc.
  19. 19. ART OF PAKISTAN The name Pakistan literally means “Land of the Pure" in Urdu and Persian
  20. 20. ART OF PAKISTAN Pakistani architecture is divided into four recognized periods: Pre-Islamic Islamic Colonial Post-Colonial
  21. 21. Around the middle of the 3rd millennium BCE, an advanced urban culture developed for the first time in the region, with large buildings, some of which still survive to this day likeMohenjo Daro, Harappa,and Kot Diji which areamong the pre-Islamic settlements that are now tourist attractions.
  22. 22. KOT DIJI
  23. 23. KORT DIJI
  24. 24. MOHENJO DARO
  25. 25. MOHENJO DARO
  26. 26. TRUCK ART Across Pakistan, brightly colored flamboyant trucks, painted with images of idealized landscapes, famous personalities, flowers, and trees, turned village lanes, city streets, and long-distance highways into a gallery without walls; a free-form, kaleidoscopic exhibition in motion.
  27. 27. TRUCK ART OF PAKISTAN
  28. 28. ASSESSMENT Find the country of South Asia and its capital. Fill in the blank
  29. 29. SOUTH ASIAN COUNTRIES Country Capital Afghanistan ________________ ______________ Thimpu ______________ Dhaka India _________________ Maldives _________________ Nepal _________________ Pakistan _________________ ______________ Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte Colombo
  30. 30. ASSESSMENT Rearranged the scrambled letters to find the answer.
  31. 31. AJANTA CAVES OF MAHARASHTRA 1. hajanmata avecs
  32. 32. 2. curkt tar
  33. 33. 3. WASDI
  34. 34. 4. ngoliar
  35. 35. 5. jat TAJ MAHAL laham
  36. 36. 6. ANIDI It is the seventh-largest country by area and thesecond most popolous country in he world.
  37. 37. 7. ISTANPAK Literally means “Land of the Pure"
  38. 38. 8. JAMAHANAT EVAC 30 rock-cut cave monuments that date back from the 2nd century BCE to the 600 CE
  39. 39. 9. WIDALI Celebrated by Hindus in India and all around the world in October or November. It is the Hindu New Year and is either a 3- day or 5-day holiday.
  40. 40. 10. NGOLIRAN the art of making designs or patterns on the walls or the floor of the house, uses finely ground white powder along with different colors
  41. 41. 11. JAT LAHAM a white domed marble mausoleum in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
  42. 42. KEY TO ANSWER
  43. 43. SOUTH ASIAN COUNTRIES Country Capital Afghanistan Kabul Bhutan Thimpu Bangladesh Dhaka India New Delhi Maldives Male Nepal Katmandu Pakistan Islamabad Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte Colombo
  44. 44. 1.Mahajanta Caves 2.Truck art 3.Diwas 4.Rangoli 5.Taj Mahal 6.India 7.Pakistan 8.Mahajanta Caves 9.Diwali 10.Rangoli 11.Taj Mahal

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