21st century new learning spaces (new types of learning spaces)
A NEW ENVIRONMENT FOR SCHOOLING HAS EMERGED DRIVEN BY TECHNOLOGYBox’ classroom is being replaced by learning spaces which ‘incorporate technologies that:• Engage the learner• Create new learning possibilities• Enhance achievements and• Extend interactions with local and global communities
STUDENTS STUDY AND LEARN IN MANY PLACES“Classrooms are out! No more classrooms! Don’t build them,” says Roger SchankGrummon (2009): the characteristics of informal learning spacesneed to be translated into classrooms, laboratories, and other builtenvironmentsSurveys and research (Bickford & Wright, 2006; Strange & Banning,2001) indicate that is one of the most desirablecharacteristics in a learning spaces
CHARACTERISTIC OF SPACES Flexible designs for flexible learning A community of usersFurniture plays a significant role in enabling a learning Social spaces need not make distinctionsenvironment to be flexible. between types of user.Some easy chairs with power sockets in the arms, so that The principle of pervasive, communal learning,groups of users can plug in electronic equipment and which sees both staff and learners as co-usersplasma screens. of a space,Like the curved desks that are designed to support clearlyarticulated pedagogic aims.
21ST CENTURY STUDENTS ARE INDEPENDENT AND SELF RELIANTNew learners and new pedagogy require:•Space for instruction, presentations and discussion•Space for talk and privacy•Space for private study and access to resources• Room to move•Technology that is ‘just in time’ and flexible•Tools for communication•Flexibility in space, location and resources
Students now work in learning studios,learning plazas, and home bases. They shiftas needed into project-planning rooms,workrooms, and other breakout areas. The Learning Café The Learning Café at Glasgow Caledonian University was an early experiment in the use of space to support problem-based learning and group work.
DIGITAL LEARNING SPACES REQUIRE EXTENSIVE SOFTWARE, HARDWARE AND FACILITIESMobile learning Tablet PCs Visual and Laptops interactive learningMobile phones Video conferencing Connected learning Video streaming Wireless Wired computing Image projectionkeyboards/mice Wireless networks Interactive PDAs Wireless-enabled whiteboardsDigital cameras laptops/tablet PCs Voting devices Internet-enabled PDAs and mobile phones Supported learning Assistive technologies Accessible USB ports Audio-visual prompts Video recording facilities Plasma screen information points
At the University of California, for example, a ‘next generation smartclassroom’ has been established for staff to use and experiment with currenthardware, software, and functional room controls to improve the teachingand learning process.
TEACHER´S SUPPORTFaculty SupportFormal spaces are focused on FacultyDevelopmentWhat support do faculty need?• Technology Support• Instructional Design support• Best Practices for Technology Integration• Exposure & Inspiration: community of Users• Faculty innovate their teaching in different ways• Environment promotes change
Lecture hall Incubator Classroom built for interactivityfocused on information deliveryInformation-oriented Process/Task oriented Faculty as FacilitatorFaculty as Performer, 1-person “show” Student as Participant | Active LearningStudent as Observer | Passive Learning