Effectiveness and
Ethical Implications of
Ranked Choice Voting
in Minneapolis 2013
Elections
Erica L. Mauter
St. Catherine...
What is RCV?
http://youtu.be/oHRPMJmzBBw
Minneapolis in 2013
• 35 Mayoral Candidates
• 13 City Council Seats
• Park & Recreation Board
• Board of Estimate and Taxa...
Did the use of the ranked choice
voting electoral system in the
Minneapolis 2013 municipal
elections achieve its purported...
A MORE INCLUSIVE
ELECTORAL PROCESS
INCLUSION AND
DEMOCRACY
COMMUNITY
ORGANIZING
MORE INCLUSIVE
CAMPAIGNING
COMPLEXITY CREA...
INCLUSION AND DEMOCRACY
(Young, 2000)
PUBLIC
DELIBERATION
PUBLIC
DECISION-MAKING
Inclusion
Political Equality
Reasonablene...
“collective action by
community members
drawing on the strength
of numbers,
participatory processes,
and indigenous
leader...
A MORE INCLUSIVE
ELECTORAL PROCESS
Primary
Election
General
Election
General
Election
Runoff
Election
TWO-ROUND
SYSTEMS
SP...
MORE INCLUSIVE
CAMPAIGNING
COMPLEXITY
CREATES BARRIERS
TO PARTICIPATION
Did the use of the ranked choice
voting electoral system in the
Minneapolis 2013 municipal
elections achieve its purported...
METHODOLOGY
LITERATURE INTERVIEWS
PUBLIC
ELECTION
DATA
ETHICAL
ANALYSIS
FINDINGS
Campaigns Used
RCV-Specific Tactics
Outreach to Historically
Under-Represented
Populations
RCV Education
Positivi...
Language of Choice
Campaigns Used RCV-Specific Tactics
Broader Voter Communication
Universe
Distinguishing Candidate From
...
OUTREACH TO HISTORICALLY
UNDER-REPRESENTED
POPULATIONS
RCV
EDUCATION
Positivity and Lack
of Negative
Campaigning
“you have the
disease of
small vision”
¯_(ツ)_/¯
INCLUSION AND DEMOCRACY
(Young, 2000)
PUBLIC
DELIBERATION
PUBLIC
DECISION-MAKING
Inclusion
Political Equality
Reasonablene...
Inclusive + Equal
Inclusive
Campaigning Public Deliberation
Inclusive
Electoral
System Public
Decision-making
Inclusive + ...
Public
Deliberation
Inclusive + Equal
Task-Oriented
Analytic Process
Create Information Base
Prioritize Key Values
Identify Solutions
Weigh Solutions
Make Best ...
Relational
Social Process
Speaking Opportunities
Mutual Comprehension
Consideration
Respect
Gastil & Black (2008)
Inclusivity and Community Organizing
Collective Action
Participatory Processes
Indigenous Leadership
Decreasing Power Disp...
Inclusive + Equal
Public
Decision-Making
0
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
0.25
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
2001 2005 2009 2013
VoterTurnout
Election Year
Minneapolis Municipal Election Y...
VOTERS
RANKED
THEIR
CHOICES
IS RCV A MORE INCLUSIVE ELECTORAL
PROCESS?
WERE CAMPAIGNS MORE INCLUSIVE?
SOCIAL JUSTICE &
INCLUSION
PUBLIC DELIBERATION
P...
QUESTIONS
(And, hopefully, answers.)
MY WIFE
Missy Weldy
MY COMMITTEE
Amy Ihlan, J.D., Ph.D. (Advisor)
Ariella Tilsen, MAOL
Martha Hardesty, Ph.D.
AND
Sharon R...
Photos: Flickr Creative Commons
Mpls55408, Matthew Paulson, Joe D, Scott*,
Baratunde Thurston, Sage Ross, Leia Scofield,
M...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Was Ranked Choice Voting (RCV) in Minneapolis More Inclusive?

442 views

Published on

My masters thesis research asked the question: "Did the use of the ranked choice voting electoral system in the Minneapolis 2013 municipal elections achieve its purported benefits by functioning as a more inclusive electoral system and by inspiring more inclusive campaigns?"

I publicly presented this research on May 1, 2014, for my MA in Organizational Leadership at St. Catherine University in St. Paul, MN.

Published in: News & Politics, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Was Ranked Choice Voting (RCV) in Minneapolis More Inclusive?

  1. 1. Effectiveness and Ethical Implications of Ranked Choice Voting in Minneapolis 2013 Elections Erica L. Mauter St. Catherine University St. Paul, MN May 2014
  2. 2. What is RCV? http://youtu.be/oHRPMJmzBBw
  3. 3. Minneapolis in 2013 • 35 Mayoral Candidates • 13 City Council Seats • Park & Recreation Board • Board of Estimate and Taxation • Soil and Water Conservation District Supervisor • City Charter Ballot Questions
  4. 4. Did the use of the ranked choice voting electoral system in the Minneapolis 2013 municipal elections achieve its purported benefits by functioning as an inclusive electoral system and by inspiring more inclusive campaigns?
  5. 5. A MORE INCLUSIVE ELECTORAL PROCESS INCLUSION AND DEMOCRACY COMMUNITY ORGANIZING MORE INCLUSIVE CAMPAIGNING COMPLEXITY CREATES BARRIERS TO PARTICIPATION CONCEPTUAL CONTEXT
  6. 6. INCLUSION AND DEMOCRACY (Young, 2000) PUBLIC DELIBERATION PUBLIC DECISION-MAKING Inclusion Political Equality Reasonableness Publicity Social Justice = Ideal
  7. 7. “collective action by community members drawing on the strength of numbers, participatory processes, and indigenous leadership to decrease power disparities and achieve shared goals for social change” (Staples, 2004) COMMUNITY ORGANIZING
  8. 8. A MORE INCLUSIVE ELECTORAL PROCESS Primary Election General Election General Election Runoff Election TWO-ROUND SYSTEMS SPOILERS
  9. 9. MORE INCLUSIVE CAMPAIGNING
  10. 10. COMPLEXITY CREATES BARRIERS TO PARTICIPATION
  11. 11. Did the use of the ranked choice voting electoral system in the Minneapolis 2013 municipal elections achieve its purported benefits by functioning as an inclusive electoral system and by inspiring more inclusive campaigns?
  12. 12. METHODOLOGY LITERATURE INTERVIEWS PUBLIC ELECTION DATA ETHICAL ANALYSIS
  13. 13. FINDINGS Campaigns Used RCV-Specific Tactics Outreach to Historically Under-Represented Populations RCV Education Positivity and Lack of Negative Campaigning
  14. 14. Language of Choice Campaigns Used RCV-Specific Tactics Broader Voter Communication Universe Distinguishing Candidate From Competitors Assessing Success Coalition Campaigning Not a Factor
  15. 15. OUTREACH TO HISTORICALLY UNDER-REPRESENTED POPULATIONS
  16. 16. RCV EDUCATION
  17. 17. Positivity and Lack of Negative Campaigning “you have the disease of small vision”
  18. 18. ¯_(ツ)_/¯
  19. 19. INCLUSION AND DEMOCRACY (Young, 2000) PUBLIC DELIBERATION PUBLIC DECISION-MAKING Inclusion Political Equality Reasonableness Publicity Social Justice = Ideal
  20. 20. Inclusive + Equal Inclusive Campaigning Public Deliberation Inclusive Electoral System Public Decision-making Inclusive + Equal
  21. 21. Public Deliberation Inclusive + Equal
  22. 22. Task-Oriented Analytic Process Create Information Base Prioritize Key Values Identify Solutions Weigh Solutions Make Best Decision Gastil & Black (2008)
  23. 23. Relational Social Process Speaking Opportunities Mutual Comprehension Consideration Respect Gastil & Black (2008)
  24. 24. Inclusivity and Community Organizing Collective Action Participatory Processes Indigenous Leadership Decreasing Power Disparities Achieving Shared Goals Conversations Hodges 35% of 1st Choices 63% of 1st+2nd+3rd Choices
  25. 25. Inclusive + Equal Public Decision-Making
  26. 26. 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.4 0.45 2001 2005 2009 2013 VoterTurnout Election Year Minneapolis Municipal Election Year Voter Turnout RCV General Primary 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 2006 2008 2010 2012 VoterTurnout Election Year Minneapolis Federal Election Year Voter Turnout General Primary T U R
  27. 27. VOTERS RANKED THEIR CHOICES
  28. 28. IS RCV A MORE INCLUSIVE ELECTORAL PROCESS? WERE CAMPAIGNS MORE INCLUSIVE? SOCIAL JUSTICE & INCLUSION PUBLIC DELIBERATION PUBLIC DECISION-MAKINGDID COMPLEXITY CREATE A BARRIER TO PARTICIPATION?
  29. 29. QUESTIONS (And, hopefully, answers.)
  30. 30. MY WIFE Missy Weldy MY COMMITTEE Amy Ihlan, J.D., Ph.D. (Advisor) Ariella Tilsen, MAOL Martha Hardesty, Ph.D. AND Sharon Radd, Ed.D. Rebecca Hawthorne, Ph.D. ALSO My MAOL Classmates Election Nerds of Minneapolis
  31. 31. Photos: Flickr Creative Commons Mpls55408, Matthew Paulson, Joe D, Scott*, Baratunde Thurston, Sage Ross, Leia Scofield, Mpls55408, dayna mason, Quinn Dombrowski, Erica Mauter, Tony Seneadza, feeb, reway2007, duncan c, povertyinitiative, Michael Hartford, Gozamos, Joe D, Dave King, Carolyn Sewell, Victoria Belanger Video: Minnesota Public Radio MEDIA CREDITS

×