House vocabulary and history of Río Tinto mines and British influence in Huelva
TYPES OF HOUSES.1
• This is a detached
A detached house is a
house which is not
connected on any side with
any other building.
TYPES OF HOUSES.2
• These are semi-detached
A semi-detached house is a
house that is one of a pair
of joined houses.
TYPES OF HOUSES.3
• These are terraced
A terraced-house is a house
which is part of a row of
houses joined to each other.
TYPES OF HOUSES.4
• This is a block of flats.
A block is a large
building divided into
flats and offices
TYPES OF HOUSES.5
• This is a bungalow
A bungalow is a house
which is all on ground
TYPES OF HOUSES.6
• This is a country
A country house is a
large house in the
TYPES OF HOUSES.7
• This is a weather-
A weather-board house
is a type of American
house, found especially
in New England with
boards on the outside.
GIVE A NAME FOR EACH PHOTOGRAPH
BLOCK OF FLATS DETACHED HOUSE
GIVE A NAME FOR EACH HOUSE
MATCH EACH DEFINITION WITH THE RIGHT TYPE OF HOUSE
1-A terraced house
2-A weather-board house
3-A detached house
5-A semi-detached house
6-A country house
7- A block of flats
A-A house that has only
got one floor
B-It´s one of a pair of
houses that are joined
C-A house that is not
connected to any other
D-A house joined to others
in a row.
E-A large traditional house
in the countryside,
F- A house whose outer
walls are covered by
G-A large building which
MATCH THE WORDS WITH THE NUMBERS
PARTS OF A HOUSE
Welcome to my house. It is a house with two floors. If we take a look at
the house from outside you´ll see that the front garden has a nice size and
the back garden is really large. We´ve got a car, so the garage next to the
house is quite useful. You can see there are two chimneys on top of the
roof. That´s because there are two fire-places in the house, one in the
living room and another one in the dining room. Besides, we have
installed central heating in all the rooms.
Now, if we go through the path, you´ll find a small hall where you can
leave your coat on the hanger by the stairs. On the right there is a big
living room. In fact it´s the biggest room in the house. The door on the left
will lead you to a small dining room. The next door on the left is the
kitchen. There´s a door that communicates the kitchen and the dining
room to make meals easier. From the kitchen window you have a
beautiful view of the back garden. You can see the hedge around it makes
it, which makes it more private.
Ok, if we go up the stairs to the second floor you´ll find a large bathroom
on the right and three big bedrooms.
All the house has wooden floor and the walls inside are painted in light
green , which is very relaxing. The ceilings are not painted in green but in
What do you think of my house?. Do you like it?
GIVE A WORD FOR EACH DEFINITION
1-A level of a building
2-A building in which motor vehicles
can be kept.
3-A hollow passage often rising
above the roof of a building which
allows smoke and gases to pass.
4-The passage just inside the
entrance of a house, from which the
5-The opening for a fire in the wall of
a room with a chimney above it and
often an ornamental area around it.
6-The main room in a house where
people can do things together.
7-A track or way made by people
walking over the ground.
GIVE A WORD FOR EACH DEFINITION
8- A room where meals are served
9-A room used for cooking.
10- A row of bushes or small trees
which divides one garden from
11-The side of a building or a room
12- A system of heating buildings in
which heat is produced and
controlled at a single point and
carried by pipes to the various parts
of the building in the form of hot air
13- The inner surface of the top of a
14-A piece of land near a house
where flowers or vegetables can be
PARTS 0F THE HOUSE
ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS ABOUT THE TEXT
6-What is the difference between a chimney and a fire-place?
The fire-place is inside the house in a wall and the chimney is outside, on the roof.
2-How can you get to the second floor of the house?
Going up the stairs.
3-What are the floors of the house made of?
4-How many bathrooms are there in the house?
1-which is the largest room in the house?
The living room
5-Why has the house got privacy at the back?
because it has got a hedge surrounding the back of the house
7-COMPOSITION. Describe your house and talk about the differences
between yours and the one in the text
WRITE THE NAMES IN THE PLAN BELOW
WRITE THE NAMES IN THE PLAN BELOW
LOOK AT THESE ADVERTISEMENTS. 1
HOLLAND ROAD, W14
A unique opportunity to purchase
this ground floor, one bedroom
apartment, completely refurbished.
Quietly located, overlooking St.
James park and close to all the
facilities of Holland Drive. 24 hour
security porter. One minute walk to
underground station. A Small
garden at the back.
BAKER STREET, NW1
A third floor flat located in one of the
liveliest parts of the city. Two minutes
walk to theatres, pubs and cinemas.
Two bedrooms, large entrance hall,
kitchen bathroom and cloakroom.
Warning: The building has no lift.
LOOK AT THESE ADVERTISEMENTS. 2
RANNOCH ROAD, W6
A gorgeous four bedroom family house
on the popular end of Ramnoch Road,
close to the river. This property is well
proportioned offering considerable
entertaining space and eat- in kitchen,
three large double bedrooms and a
single bedroom. The property also has
two bathrooms and a big garden at the
DURRELS HOUSE, KENSINGTON
A delightful refurbished flat with wooden
floors throughout, situated on the second
floor of this block. It is ideally situated for
the facilities of Kensington and the open
spaces of Holland park.
Entrance hall, kitchen, one double
bedroom, bathroom, gas central heating,
lift and porter.
LOOK AT THESE ADVERTISEMENTS.3
SOUTH TERRACE, SW7
A recently refurbished terraced house
located in a beautiful street off Thurloe
Square, with a sunny south facing patio
garden to the rear. In addition to the
separate dining room, there is a pretty
breakfast area overlooking the garden.
Entrance hall, living room, three
bedrooms, kitchen, bathroom and garage.
A fantastic two double bedroom
apartment with lift and 24 hour
security porter in close proximity to
Hyde park. This property offers
excellent all round living
accomodation, including a larger than
usual hall, fitted kitchen and two
bathrooms. Well situated for
Gloucester Road underground station.
LOOK AT THESE ADVERTISEMENTS. 4
Imagine you work for a property agency. Several customers have visited you
today. After talking to them you must choose the most suitable house/flat for
each of them . Support your decision.
1- Miss Thomson is a young business woman who wants to live on her own.
She doesn´t mind if it is a house or a flat but she wants it to be near the
shopping area and near a park. She is also a bit afraid of living alone, so
someone watching the entrance to the building is also a requirement.
2- Mr. And Mrs. Smith are retired. Their children are now married and they
want to move to a small place in a quiet area . They also want to have a
garden. They´d like to move near an open area to go for walks and they want
a place without any stairs. Security is also important for them.
3- Mr. and Mrs. Rose have a big family, four children, two boys and two girls.
Besides they have two dogs. That´s why they need to move to a bigger house,
with plenty of room and a big garden for the children and the dogs to play.
4- Mr. And Mrs. Watson are recently married. They want to move to a
comfortable place, well communicated, not too big and furnished if
LOOK AT THESE ADVERTISEMENTS 5
FIND SYNONYMS IN THE TEXT FOR:
1- All over the place, everywhere
4-Having a view of
The history of Riotinto goes back to the time of the first organised
civilizations; already in the age of copper the development of the mine was
united to the development of the civilizations: Tartesos, Phoenicians...
But the mining development arrived with the Romans, with the
introduction of many techniques that allowed the introduction of the mining
work in an intensive way. However, after the Romans the region was
inexplicably abandoned, until it was rediscovered in 1556 and reopened as
late as 1724.
Frustation and inefficiency ruined their exploitation and in 1871 the
Spanish Government sold the mines to a British syndicate for a sum well
below their real value, 2,000,000 pounds .
In 1873 the Riotinto Company Limited is founded. In the Anglo-
saxon style, the British managers of the company soon had the mining
working at full steam, making this one of the most important sources of
copper and sulphur in the world. After arriving these British people many
new features were introduced in Huelva, among them a typically British
architecture, although, in some cases adapted to the Andalusian style.
Samples of this British architecture can be found in Bellavista district, in
Riotinto, In Huelva with the Riotinto Pier, Columbus house and Victoria
worker´s quarter among others.
We can also see British influence in Punta Umbría. Although all the original
Bristish houses have been pulled down, some houses of the village still keep
the British style. Ad we shouldn´t forget that these houses were the origin of
Punta Umbria as a touristy place.
1- Say if the following sentences are true or false. Justify your answer with the
1.1- How did the Romans improve the development of the mines?
1.2- Why did they Spanish government sell the mines?
2-Are these statements true or false?. Justify your answer with words or
phrases from the text.
2.1-The Romans discovered the mines
2.2- The Spanish made a very good sale when it sold the mines to the British
2.3- The mines were working in 1557.
2.3- There are still original British houses in Punta Umbría.
3.USE OF ENGLISH
3.1 Find in the text a word that has the following definition:
“the place from where you get something”
3.2 Find in the text a synonym for “characteristics”
3.3 Give a word that has the same root as “arrive”.
3.4 Which ending is not pronounced the same?
EXPLOITATION , POSITION, MISSION, ILLUSION
3.5 Turn the following sentence into the passive voice:
The British have influenced our construction
3.6 Complete the following sentence putting the verbs in the correct form.
If the British (come) _________ the mines (close) ______
3.7 Complete with the correct preposition
From 1556 ______ 1724 the mines were closed.
3.8 Combine the following sentences using a connector (Do not use and or but)
The Spanish government sold the mines for 2,000,000. Its value was
Write a composition (80-100 words). Choose one of these options.
a) British people are more hardworking than Spanish people.
b) What was Punta Umbria like in the XIX century?
5-Find words or expressions in the text that
mean the same as:
5.1- Advance, progress.
5.3- Making the best use of
5.5- Without an explanation
5.7- Amount of money
5.9- Lack of capability or ability.
5.10- Work very hard
5.10- Work at full steam
BRISTISH ARCHITECTURE IN HUELVA
Do you recognise any of these houses and buildings?
THE ENGLISH DISTRICT OF BELLA VISTA.1
The English district of Bella Vista (Beautiful View) was constructed at the
end of XIX century by the Riotinto Company Limited to lodge the staff.
Leaders of the company made their residence there. It still keeps intact
airs of Victorian architecture and their conception of life.
The first house in Bella Vista, only district of this type in Spain,
was constructed on an old Roman dump, from where all the mountains
were seen. That´s why it was called Beautiful View.
Some morphological aspects of the village show the
segregationist ideology in the British colony. There was a stone wall
surrounding the district in all its perimeter, there were observation posts
and the district itself was located at the back of the town. The workers
were accomodated in functional quarters near the mines.
1-why do you think they were separated?
They were separated for several reasons. One of them was to avoid conflicts with
ploretarians, another reason was to mentally fix proletarians to their daily occupation
and approach the experience to work place and finally because it also diminished
THE ENGLISH DISTRICT OF BELLA VISTA.2
1-Answer the following questions:
1.1 Why was the district of Bella Vista built?
1.2 Why is it called Bella Vista?
1.3 Did the British people live together with the people from Riotinto? Support you
1.4 Why did British and Spanish people live separatey?
2-Find a synonym in the text for these words:
2.2- Working- class
1.THE COUNCIL HOUSE
This house was constructed in 1880
as the new manager´s house, since
until that moment the main
managers had always lived in
It was also the meeting place for the
directive commitee of the company
and in addition it was place of
lodging for king Alfonso XIII in his
visit to Riotinto.
The house was plenty of luxurious
elements such as marble,forged iron,
beautiful fire places, gardens and
2.THE PRESBITERIAN CHURCH
1-Why do you think another
church was built in Riotinto?
2-What is a presbiterian
3- What is a kirk church?
4- Compare the two
2.1 PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH
It was built with the purpose of
offering service to the followers of
the protestant religion. The
protestant christian church is the
national church of Scotland. They
have strict rules of behaviour and
morals based on the principles of
John Calvin. Presbyterians are
typically thought of as rather strict,
The building shows the typical
features of the Scotish presbiterian
churches “kirk”.(see photograph)
It consists of a single nave with
pointed windows of neogothic
3.THE ENGLISH CLUB
1-Is this a private or public
2- What do you think is this
building used for?
3- Do you know any of the activities the
British did in their spare time at that time?
3.1 THE ENGLISH CLUB
It´s one of the main buildings in the
District. It was built in 1903 with
bricks and classically British
windows, replacing the old club
built with wood.
It was equipped with powerful
fire-places identical to those
installed in the houses of the
Nowadays it keeps the English
room “Men only”, where men met
to have a drink or play cards.
The club also had facilities to
play different sports. First they built a
mini-golf, which was then replaced by
four tennis courts. It also had a football
pitch. (Don´t forget football began in
Spain thanks to British people in
4. THE PROTESTANT CEMETERY
Look at the photograph of this
British cemetery. In what sense
is it different from ours?
As you can see the graves are
usually on the ground, there aren´t
any vertical constructions as here.
The protestant cemetery was built to the image of a British
Cemetery. It has two different areas separated by a stone wall
which is nowadays covered with ivy.
5. THE HOUSES
There are three different types of
Houses: a row of three- floor
Victorian terraced houses*1,
detached houses and detached
The level of luxury and comfort of
the houses depended on the
importance of the person who lived
Victorian buildings are typically made of
red brick and often decorated on the outside.
Inside they usually had furniture made of
dark wood and a lot of ornaments and
photographs in frames inside.
TYPES OF HOUSES 1
IDENTIFY THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF HOUSE
TYPES OF HOUSES 2
-Look at the photograph of this
house and imagine what it is like
inside. Make a description as
complete as possible.
WHAT DO YOU REMEMBER?
1-What was the club built with?
2-Are protestant cemeteries like ours?
3-Whose principles do presbyterians follow?
4-When was the Council house built?
5-What are presbyterians thought of?
6-Which was the manager´s house?
7-What kind of houses can you find in Bellavista?
8-Where did Alfonso XIII stay during his visit to Rio Tinto?
9-What are Victorian houses like?
10- What is the name of the Scottish church?
11-Which sports were practised at the club?
12-Could women enter the club?
13-Which style are Scottish churches ?
14-What kind of heating system did the club have?
15-Was the Council house luxurious?
16-Where did the directive comitee meet?
ENGLISH ARCHITECTURE IN HUELVA
With the Riotinto Company
Limited Huelva underwent a
great industrial ,demographic
and economic advance.
1. TINTO PIER
One of the most important facts
that shows this great economic
power is the construction of the
railroad line Riotinto-Huelva,
Which was constructed in 1875 in
the record time of two years. This
allowed the transport of mineral
from the mines of Riotinto to the
port of Huelva , which made
Huelva flourish as the export
harbour of Riotinto.
1.2 TINTO PIER
The Rio Tinto pier was built at the
beginning of the xx century.
Nowadays the pier is one of the
greatest architectural monuments
in the city
2. COLUMBUS HOUSE
In 1892 the situation was
so flourishing that they
celebrated with pomp
and ceremony the fourth
anniversary of the
discovery of America and
built a colonial style
building called Casa
House). Today it is used
as a congress center.
1-TRANSFORM THESE SENTENCES INTO THE PASSIVE OR ACTIVE FORM.
1.1 The British constructed the railroad line in 1875
1.2 The Riotinto Pier was built at the beginning of the XX century.
1.3 They celebrated with pomp and ceremony the fourth anniversary of the
discovery of America.
1.4 A worker quarter was also built.
1.5 The original design was altered by andalusian style.
2-JOIN THE SENTENCES USING RELATIVE CLAUSES.
2.1 The railroad line was constructed in two years. It was constructed in 1875.
2.2 The Riotinto Pier was built at the beginning of the XX century. Now it is one of
the greatest architectural monuments in Huelva.
2.3 The “Casa Colón” was built in 1892. They celebrated the fourth anniversary of
the discovery of America that year.
2.4 The houses built in 1922 had two floors. Their architects were Aguado and
2.5 A new quarter was built in Huelva. Many workers lived there.
3. REINA VICTORIA WORKER QUARTER
Along with the pier a worker quarter (Barrio Obrero Reina Victoria)
was also built. It was a small residential district built for British
workers in the company.
The original project in 1916 was the construction of one-floor houses
that remember the English architecture, based on a concept of a city
garden, with walking paths and community services such as a club
house, a library etc.
In 1922 architects Aguado and Pérez Carasa took charge of planning
new rows of two-floor houses that give the district a peculiar aesthetic,
superior to the primitive design. However this construction prevented
the building of the community services previously planned.
This original design was altered by Andalusian style, for example
adding colours to the facades of the houses.
3.1 REINA VICTORIA WORKER QUARTER
1-what type of houses are these?
2-Which English elements can you
find in these houses?
4-Say if these sentences are true or false:
-All the houses have just one floor
-The original version was better then the
-The quarter had a lot of facilities.
-The houses were kept exactly as in the
-All the houses were designed by British
3- Write sentences using these words:
-take charge of
At the beginning of the 1880s. The Riotinto Company showed their interest in
Punta Umbría , a place where you could only get to on horse or by boat.
The representative of Riotinto Company Guillermo Sundheim had already built a
small bungalow and the enterprise decided it would be the right place of rest, a
sanatorium of clean air where they could send their managing staff to recover from
malaria and the harmful sulphuric air of Riotinto as well as from any psychological
problem caused by the polluted and oppressive enviroment of the mines.
The company got a concession from the Town Hall of Cartaya over an area of 10
hectares located between the ocean and the sea inlet. From 1884 to 1917 the
company built fourteen buildings. Their morphology corresponds to the type of
weather-boarded house together with some colonial influences.
-What is a weather-boarded house like?
The main features of these buildings are:
-They were made with wood
-They were surrounded by verandahs or galleries
-They were elevated from the ground with pillars leaving free space between
the ground floor of the building and the ground.
-Why do they have these features? Do they have a specific purpose?
Of course they had a function. The verandahs or galleries were used
as protection against the sun and the elevation of the construction was
to avoid the sand and the advance of the dunes.
The houses were located in first
and second line from the sea.
There was a main path that
comunicated all the houses
with the pier where a boat
brought the daily supply from
Besides the buildings mentioned some
private families started building their
own houses, always keeping the same
British style which still can be found in
some houses of the village. In 1978 all the
old houses were pulled down.
Thanks to the British people
Punta Umbría is today an
important holiday resort, a
place of relax with a growing
touristy offer, but still keeping
some of the atmosphere of
a)ANSWER QUESTIONS 1 AND 2 ACORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN
THE TEXT. Use your own words.
1-Why did the British build the houses in Punta Umbría?
2-What are the houses like and why?
b)ARE THESE STATEMENT TRUE OR FALSE?. JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWER WITH
WORDS OR PHRASES FROM THE TEXT.
3-There were no houses before 1884.
4-Cartaya sold the land to the British .
5-Some of the old houses are still kept in good condition.
6-Punta Umbría was very well communicated to Huelva at that time.
B-USE OF ENGLISH
7-Find in the text a word which has the following definition:
“food, equipment and other things needed by a group of people”
8- Give the opposite to the word GROWING
9-Which –ed ending has a different pronunciation?
ELEVATED--- DECIDED--- CLEANED--- BOARDED
10-Give an adjective with the same root as WOOD
11-Complete the following sentence putting the verb in the correct form.
They avoided the sand from (enter) _______________.
12-Complete the following conditional sentence:
If I (live) ________ in the 1990s, I (go) ________ on holiday to Punta Umbría.
13-Turn the following sentence into the active voice:
They were surrounded by veandahs and galleries
14-Turn this sentence into reported speech:
They said: “ We have built these 14 houses for our workers”
15-WRITE A PRODUCTION (80-100 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THESE OPTIONS:
A-Tourism and urbanism in Punta Umbría
B- Going to the beach or going to the mountains?