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Katy Lithgow session


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Katy Lithgow session

  1. 1. Katy Lithgow, Head Conservator Rehanging the Gideons tapestries in the Long Gallery at Hardwick Hall, in front of the press and the public For the Interns Networking day Friday November 8 2013, Heelis
  2. 2. Agenda – introductions – what do I do and how did I get here – what does collections conservation mean at the centre, in the consultancy and the properties – what is a conservator’s career path (all the above c.10 mins each) – Discussion (c.20 mins or take questions during presentation)
  3. 3. Introductions Tom Hickman Conservation Assistant Intern Basildon Park Victoria Hemmingway Conservation Assistant Intern Basildon Park Eden Jackson Conservation Assistant Intern Basildon Park Sarah Westbury Conservation Assistant Intern Basildon Park Emily Murdoch Internship Conservation Assistant Polesden Lacey Natalie Brown Internship Conservation Assistant Polesden Lacey Claire McQuillan Internship Conservation Assistant Polesden Lacey Rebecca Unsworth Collections and Engagement Intern Saltram Emily Turner Library Assistant interns Allan Bank Carola Bosi Library Assistant interns Allan Bank Charlotte Banks Media and External Affairs Intern Heelis Mary Cook Video strategy Heelis Rhiannon Budden Engagement & Conservation Attingham Park Michael Joy Engagement & Conservation Attingham Park
  4. 4. What do I do and how did I get here
  5. 5. Red House, Bexleyheath, 1859-60 by Philip Webb for William Morris
  6. 6. Drawing Room - Rossetti? Burne Jones?
  7. 7. Bedroom Creation myths…. Elizabeth Siddall? Dante Gabriel Rossetti? And…? Hollambys’ cupboard before removal of lining
  8. 8. My role: • Head of profession - support professional conservators’ CPD • External advocacy • Set and oversee standards of preventive and remedial conservation • Provide expert advice and policy/guidance – strategic (priorities, how conservators do their work) and technical
  9. 9. Professional standards Professional judgement and ethics (J&E) 1. i. understanding principles and practice ii. conversance with guidelines iii. understanding the wider contexts of conservation iv. critical thinking, analysis and synthesis v. openness to alternative methods and approaches vi. understanding the ethical basis of the profession vii. observing code of ethics and practice viii.observing legal requirements ix. responsibility for the care of cultural heritage x. responsible and ethical dealings with others xi. respect for the cultural, historic and spiritual context of objects xii. handling value-conflicts and ethical dilemmas xiii.understanding and acting within the limits of own knowledge and competence Assessment of cultural heritage assessing and reporting on condition, environment and threats, assessing risks, identifying any problems to be solved. 2. Conservation options and strategies identifying and evaluating options; negotiating courses of action for conservation measures. 3. Conservation measures advising on, developing policy for and implementing conservation measures; ensuring high standards are maintained; planning to minimise the effects of disasters and emergencies; maintaining conservation records; advising on aftercare. 4. Organisation and management managing projects and workflow; client/internal and external relations; health and safety; security; records and reports; communication. 5. Professional development ® Collective Trade Mark of PACR Accredited Conservator-Restorer
  10. 10. Preventive Conservation 1. Physical Forces 2. Thieves and Vandals 3. Dissociation 4. Fire 5. Water 6. Pests 7. Pollutants (dust, chemical) 8. Light (UV, IR – sunlight) 9. Incorrect Temperature 10.Incorrect Relative Humidity
  11. 11. Remedial Conservation – Inventory approaching 1million records – No of top priority projects 73 i.e. less than 0.01% of the collection – Total value of work £5.5m, of which – £3.67m are textile conservation projects, of which – £1.65m textiles from Hardwick – £562k textiles from Knole – Total backlog c.£75 million Petworth Tijou Screen
  12. 12. CCP List 2012 National priority no. 1 CCP project no 449 Project name – National List Material Property Region Knole Venetian Ambassadors Tapestry Textiles Knole LSE Funding request 136,000 2 448 Knole Venetian Ambassadors Gallery carpet Textiles Knole LSE 20,350 3 431 Gideon Tapestry 'Gideon selects his army of 300 men' 82f Textiles Hardwick Mid 239,458 4 5 6 430 429 418 Gideon Tapestry 'Gideon visits the Midianite camp as a spy' 82g Textiles Gideon Tapestry 'Gideon sounding trumpets attacking the Midianites to drive them away' 82b Textiles Stained glass Glass Hardwick Hardwick Mid Mid Sudbury Hall Mid 232,654 222,470 30,883 7 210 Dyrham State Bed Textiles Dyrham Park SW 218,950 8 447 Knole Spangled Bedroom Tapestries Textiles Knole LSE 311,000 9 446 Knole Museum Rm Upholstered furniture Textiles & Furniture Knole LSE 36,000 10 468 Model of the Ruins of the Temple at Palmyra (case) Knole Leicester Gallery Upholstered furniture Models Erddig Wales Knole LSE 15,000 C17 cream brocatelle wedding suit and cavalry coat Knole Leicester Gallery Paintings Textiles Claydon House LSE 44,435 Paintings Knole LSE 30,000 38 early firearms at Chirk Castle Phase 2 6 x Chinoiserie tapestries Firearms Chirk Castle Wales 33,370 Textiles The Vyne LSE not funded, for prioritisation only, project not due to start until 2014 not funded, for prioritisation only, project not due to start until 2014 Insufficient funding to allocate to these tapestries, but to be included in the Top Priority Textile Conservation bid Insufficient funding to allocate to these tapestries, but to be included in the Top Priority Textile Conservation bid Insufficient funding to allocate to these tapestries, but to be included in the Top Priority Textile Conservation bid Questions over ownership require resolution before further funding. Loan to be agreed before funding possible (due this year) not funded, for prioritisation only, project not due to start until 2014 not funded, for prioritisation only, project not due to start until 2014 11,598 Textiles & Furniture Comments 2012 11 444 12 460 13 445 14 149 15 201 289,313 Funded agreed, CCP not funded, for prioritisation only, project not due to start until 2014 Funding agreed, CCP or Wolfson Not funded- loan objects, for prioritisation only Funding agreed, CCP Offer to Wolfson (match funding from CCP if Wolfson fund) National priority no. 16 CCP project no 457 Project name – National List Material Property Region Funding request Hanbury Hall Dining Room Ceiling Paintings A la Ronde Shell Gallery & Grotto Staircase Plaster Hanbury Mid Multi A la Ronde SW 148,599 LSE 25,597 Mid 14,300 Wales Comments 2012 38,256 44,900 17 440 18 466 Garden statuary Statuary 19 467 Wallpaper project Paper 20 441 Furniture 21 289 Wall paintings Blickling Hall E of E 22 471 Erddig Black Lacquered Cabinet Conservation of the Frieze by John Hunderford Pollen in Long Gallery at Blickling Hall Wandsworth Road Bedroom Curtains Polesden Lacey Back to Backs Erddig Textiles 575 Wandsworth Road LSE 23 221/222 Giltwood suite, Somerset Room (NB costs cover furniture conservation only) Tapestry- 'The Reception of an Embassy' Furniture Petworth LSE Textiles Powis Castle Wales 127,410 Saltram Saloon carpet Textiles Saltram SW 247,990 1851 Axminster Carpet from Great Hall (now in storage) at Felbrigg Hall Hatton Tapestry from main stairs HHH/T/96b. Last in series of 4 tapestries. Chinese Lacquer Screen Applique Panels - ' The Virtues' (HHE/T/231b-d & HHE/T/232a-b) Textiles Felbrigg Hall E of E Saltram saloon Robert Adam ceiling Funding agreed, CCP Not fundedproperty not ready for this to be offered to Wolfson as CMP being completed. Funding agreed, CCP 24 25 26 27 463 407 296 362 28 351 29 368 30 406 Funding required Funding required 46996 17857 48,500 Funding required CCP cash envelope, not cash, provisionally agreed Not fundedincludes loan items Offer to Wolfson (match funding from CCP if Wolfson fund) Not funded - timing not right to be offered to Wolfson as links to major reservicing project. 41,600 Not funded - not on display Textiles Hardwick Mid 23,522 Funding agreed, CCP Furniture Powis Wales 37,295 Textiles Hardwick Mid 784,169 Plaster Saltram SW 81,853 Funding required Funding required once Penelope complete and implications for rest of set absorbed. Not funded - timing not right to be offered to Wolfson as links to major reservicing project.
  13. 13. Townend Library, books
  14. 14. Basildon Park, Crimson Bedroom textiles
  15. 15. What does collections conservation mean •At the Centre •In the Consultancy •At Regions •At Properties •Outside the Trust
  16. 16. Consultancy - central Hands off conservation – remedial and preventive – Advising in specialism – Monitoring – national overview in specialism – Training – External advocacy
  17. 17. Consultancy: Preventive Conservation Advisers Housekeeping – Equipment, techniques & materials – Staffing levels & structures Environment – Light, T, RH, pollution, pests – Consultants for environment and insect pests Skills & Projects – Training including – Building works – Emergency procedures
  18. 18. Monitoring
  19. 19. Consultancy: Remedial Conservation Advisers Staff – – – – Paintings Conservation Adviser Paper Conservation Adviser Photographic Materials Conservation Adviser Textile Conservation Adviser Freelance – – stone/plaster, wall paintings, archaeological artefacts – furniture, carriages, clocks, musical instruments, stained glass, historic lighting, mould – metal, bells, firearms, natural history, insect pests – books, libraries
  20. 20. Consultancy – central Hands on conservation – remedial and preventive
  21. 21. Consultancy: Remedial Conservators - staff Textile Conservation Studio (staff) – Provides advisory service for textile conservation – Expertise and skill in conservation of textiles on open display in historic houses – Trains interns and apprentices
  22. 22. Consultancy – remedial Conservators, freelance – c.1 million objects + fixtures & decorative interiors in c.150 accredited museums – Quantity and range of collections requires a over 250 freelance conservators – Conservators selected on basis of skills for job and geographical location – Approved by Advisers
  23. 23. Consultancy: regional Hands off conservation • Regional overview • General advice, monitoring, training (like GPs) Hands on conservation • Planning, training and occasional basic treatments
  24. 24. Consultancy: Preventive Conservators - work at properties Based in regional/area offices/hubs – 12.31 FTE Conservators (18 individuals) – Capacity made up by project conservators
  25. 25. Conservators based at properties Hands on work –monitoring –Planning –Training –supervising
  26. 26. Property: project conservator (building works, filming), trained house staff
  27. 27. Rosemary Macdonald, project conservator supervising filming at Osterley Park for Gulliver’s Travels Photo credit: National Trust / Gwen Thomas, taken on set 2010 Lauren Jackson, project conservator planning & organising packing & storage for building works & commissioning remedial conservation – Seaton Delaval Hall, Mount Stewart Also monitoring and data gathering, e.g. C4A, PCAs…..
  28. 28. Trained House Staff (and volunteers) – Equivalent to Conservation Technicians: – Hands on work and monitoring through and with volunteers – Increasing emphasis on engagement and interpretation, and doing the work in front of the public
  29. 29. Property roles •House and Collections Managers •House Managers (may incl Visitor Services & or volunteer duties) •House Stewards (as above) •Assistant House Stewards (as above) •Conservation Assistant (often + engagement) •Custodian (all the above) •CMS officers (often + engagement) •Conservation volunteers
  30. 30. Conservators and Curators work closely together and are flip sides of same coin conservators start with physical study, curators start with historical study decisions of both governed by understanding significance
  31. 31. What is a conservator’s career path ® Collective Trade Mark of PACR Accredited Conservator-Restorer
  32. 32. Formal university/collegebased training Mostly Masters, sometimes Bachelors as well • • • • • • • • • • Durham University – archaeology Lincoln – general objects Northumbria – paintings, paper, preventive Hamilton Kerr, Cambridge - paintings Cardiff – objects, archaeology York – stained glass Glasgow – textiles Buckingham – furniture West Dean – many specialisms, much CPD London: – Courtauld institute – paintings and wall paintings – Institute of Archaeology – archaeology (!) – City and Guilds – many specialisms – London Metropolitan – objects & decorative surfaces – Camberwell – book and paper Buildings – another subject – heritage craft skills
  33. 33. Work-based learning - Conservation Technicial Qualification (CTQ)
  34. 34. Consultancy: Assistant Conservators 1 central, 4 textile Assistant Conservators Paid internship Succession planning Skills gaps
  35. 35. Pay – recommended levels from ICON’s 2007 survey • the minimum salary for conservators £20,895 FTE • conservation technicians £17,500 FTE • the stipend (not salary) for interns undertaking workbased learning be £15,500. • Newly qualified conservator - average - £21,115 FTE • Qualification and some experience required - average - £23,443 FTE • Professional Accreditation (PACR) or considerable experience required - average £27,351 FTE • Senior/management roles - average - £36,971 FTE
  36. 36.
  37. 37. Discussion Your questions: – Collection management and conservation – I think I would like to know more about the practicalities of what being the Head of Conservation involves on a day-to-day basis. Also, I would like to know how Conservation differs between Head Office and the Regions – for example, whether it’s more theoretical/ advice driven at Head Office or more practical in the Regions. – I would love to hear more about the museums and properties objects and collections from a curator point of view – Interesting information would be what are the different job descriptions/roles which are involved in conservation projects.
  38. 38. The National Trust shall be established for the purpose of promoting the permanent preservation for the benefit of the nation of lands and tenements (including buildings) of beauty or historic interest and as regards lands for the preservation (so far as is practicable) of their natural aspect, features and animal and plant life. National Trust PURPOSE Section 4.1 National Trust Act, 1907
  39. 39. National Trust Definition of Conservation ‘…the careful management of change. It is about revealing and sharing the significance of places and ensuring that their special qualities are protected, enhanced, enjoyed and understood by present and future generations’
  40. 40. Museum Association 1998 Definition ‘Museums enable people to explore collections for inspiration, learning and enjoyment. They are institutions that collect, safeguard and make accessible artefacts and specimens, which they hold in trust for society.’
  41. 41. National Trust Conservation Principles Principle 1: Significance We will ensure that all decisions are informed by an appropriate level of understanding of the significance and “Spirit of Place” of each of our properties, and why we and others value them.
  42. 42. National Trust Conservation Principles Principle 2: Integration We will take an integrated approach to the conservation of the natural and cultural heritage, reconciling the full spectrum of interests involved.
  43. 43. National Trust Conservation Principles Principle 3: Change We will anticipate and work with change that affects our conservation interests, embracing, accommodating or adapting where appropriate, and mitigating, preventing or opposing where there is a potential adverse impact.
  44. 44. National Trust Conservation Principles Principle 4: Access and Engagement We will conserve natural and cultural heritage to enable sustainable access for the benefit of society, gaining the support of the widest range of people by promoting understanding, enjoyment and participation in our work and our cause.
  45. 45. National Trust Conservation Principles Principle 5: Skills and Partnership We will develop our skills and experience in partnership with others to promote and improve the conservation of natural and cultural heritage now and for the future.
  46. 46. National Trust Conservation Principles Principle 6: Accountability We will be transparent and accountable by recording our decisions and sharing knowledge to enable the best conservation decisions to be undertaken both today and by future generations.
  47. 47. what-we-do/what-weprotect/houses-andbuildings/viewpage/item629435/
  48. 48. Museum Association 1998 Definition ‘Museums enable people to explore collections for inspiration, learning and enjoyment. They are institutions that collect, safeguard and make accessible artefacts and specimens, which they hold in trust for society.’
  49. 49. •Best practice •Takes account of context – tangible & intangible •Minimal intervention •Reversibility or retreatability •Compatability •Stability
  50. 50. National Trust Conservation Context Preventive conservation – Identify agents of deterioration – Monitor – Control Remedial conservation – Treatment to conserve objects/surfaces to stabilise them and present them at a level consistent with their display context and significance
  51. 51. The Consultancy Heads of Consultancy (Conservation and Marketing) 1/region/country Consultancy Managers lead teams of MSD and conservation staff, sometimes mixed Head of Profession - professional leadership in conservation or MSD discipline Strategic Leads/Directors strategic leadership for Whole Trust e.g. Museums & Collections Director, Sarah Staniforth
  52. 52. Vision: Connecting people with places Strategy
  53. 53. Regular maintenance, little and often Improving Conservation & Environmental Performance
  54. 54. Engaging Supporters Bringing Properties to Life - Conservation in Action
  55. 55. Hanbury – visitor comments on conservation benefit • It whets the appetite for the rest of the house, I’d like to see more about the conservation of the whole house and more about the history of the family • Conservation up close and personal Seeing it in action helps a lot! • Significantly it makes you feel more part of the Trust, sometimes you can feel alienated, you walk around in a crowd and you don’t tend to find out much • It’s amazing, it’s a once in a lifetime opportunity to be able to get so close to them. We’ll definitely come back to see them from the bottom when it is all finished! • Getting so close and talking to the conservator – I’d like to see more conservation work like this in other places I’d definitely come back again and it makes you want to go to other properties as well
  56. 56. Getting supporters involved
  57. 57. Investing in our people Training follows NT Heritage Skills Passport, mapped to NOS for structure for work-based learning • Year One – House and Collections (10) • Year Two – Visitor Experience (10) • Year Three – Horticulture and Countryside (10)
  58. 58. Transport stats 2012-13 54% non compliant Movement of objects recorded on CMS at time of transport - 46% Movement of objects not recorded on CMS at time of transport - 54% Object not inventoried on CMS at time of transport (but NT owned) - 6% Loans-in not inventoried on CMS at time of transport56% New acquisitions & Gifts not inventoried on CMS at time of transport- 30% Previous CMS movement history not up to date - 2% Part of a Complex Object which needs to be split - 6% Room for improvement…. E.g. Movement Control