Birthday and age

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  • Particle-o is a kind of indicator which shows politeness towards others. It is not added to one’s own things.
  • This is a photo of a 7-year-old girl and a 5-year-old boy. Japanese family take their 3-year-old-girl, 5-year-old boy and 7-year-old girl to the near-by shrine to celebrate special anniversary on 15 th November. Children are dressed in traditional kimono and have special long candies in paper bags. This celebration is called “Shichi-Go-San”, 7-5-3.
  • In Japan, Coming of age is age of 20. Twenty-year-old women usually ware kimono at the ceremony.
  • Birthday and age

    1. 1. おたんじょうび おめでとう! Ot anj ou bi omedetou! Happy Birthday
    2. 2. After this class, you will be able to……. <ul><li>Talk about ages </li></ul><ul><li>Talk about birthdays </li></ul><ul><li>Talk about phone numbers </li></ul><ul><li>Say months of the year in Japanese </li></ul>
    3. 3. Counter for age = sai 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ichi ni san shi/yon go roku shichi/nana hachi kyuu juu juuichi juuni juusan is-sai ni-sai san-sai yon-sai go-sai roku-sai nana-sai has-sai kyuu-sai jus-sai juuis-sai juuni-sai juusan-sai
    4. 4. How old are you? <ul><li>Nan sai desu ka </li></ul>な ん  さ い  で す か
    5. 5. I am ______ years old. Watashi wa ________ sai desu わ た し  は   ___  さ い  で す
    6. 6. Conversation Example <ul><li>☺ ____san, nan sai desu ka ? </li></ul><ul><li>☻ watashi wa ____ desu. </li></ul><ul><li>Nan sai desu ka? </li></ul><ul><li>☺ ____ sai desu. </li></ul><ul><li>☻ </li></ul>
    7. 7. Activity <ul><li>Draw a table in your book like the one below </li></ul><ul><li>In Japanese ask five friends their names and ages. </li></ul><ul><li>Write the answers in your book (in Japanese.) </li></ul>Namae (name) ~sai (age) watashi Namae (name) ~sai (age) watashi Juusansai
    8. 8. Months of the year 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ichi ni san shi/yon go roku shichi/nana hachi kyuu juu juuichi juuni Ichi gatsu Ni gatsu San gatsu Shi gatsu Go gatsu Roku gatsu Shichi gatsu Hachi gatsu Ku gatsu Juu gatsu Juu ichi gatsu Juu ni gatsu
    9. 9. Using O <ul><li>T anjoubi ( たんじょうび ) </li></ul><ul><li>birthday </li></ul><ul><li>O tanj ou bi ( おたんじょうび ) </li></ul><ul><li>Particle-o your/his/her birthday </li></ul><ul><li>       </li></ul>
    10. 10. What month were you born? <ul><li>O tanjoubi wa nan gatsu desu ka </li></ul> お た ん じょう び  は   な ん    月    で す   か
    11. 11. I was born in ______ Tanjoubi wa ___ gatsu desu. た んじょう び   は   __     月    で す
    12. 12. Conversation Example <ul><li>☺ ____san, otanj oubi wa nan gatsu desu ka? </li></ul><ul><li>☻ shichi gatsu desu. Otanjoubi wa nan gatsu desu ka? </li></ul><ul><li>☺ watashi no tanjoubi wa shi gatsu desu. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Activity <ul><li>Add to the table below tanjoubi (gatsu) </li></ul><ul><li>In Japanese ask your friends what month they were born. </li></ul>Namae ~sai Tanjoubi (gatsu) watashi juusansai Namae ~sai Tanjoubi (gatsu) watashi juusansai Go gatsu
    14. 14. Phone numbers = denwa bangou 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 rei ichi ni san shi/yon go roku shichi/nana hachi kyuu juu _ _ _ no _ _ _ _ _ _ _ no _ _ _ no _ _ _ _ 4 2 5 no 5 6 3 2
    15. 15. Conversation Example <ul><li>☺ ____san, denwa bangou wa nan desu ka? </li></ul><ul><li>☻ hachi ni roku no nana nana kyuu rei desu. </li></ul><ul><li>Denwa bangou wa nan desu ka? </li></ul><ul><li>☺ hachi yon roku no hachi ni san san desu. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Activity <ul><li>Add to the table below ‘denwa bangou’ </li></ul><ul><li>In Japanese, ask your friends what their phone number is </li></ul>Namae (name) ~sai (age) Tanjoubi (gatsu) Denwa bangou watashi juusansai gogatsu Namae (name) ~sai (age) Tanjoubi (gatsu) Denwa bangou watashi juusansai gogatsu Hachi…..
    17. 17. 七五三( shichi ・ go ・ san )
    18. 18. The ages three, five and seven are consistent with Japanese numerology which dictates that odd numbers are lucky <ul><li>Boys who are aged three or five and girls who are aged three or seven are dressed in kimono—many for the first time—for visits to shrines. </li></ul><ul><li>Western-style formal wear is also worn by some children. </li></ul><ul><li>A more modern practice is photography, and this day is well known as a day to take pictures of children. </li></ul>
    19. 19. Coming of Age Day

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