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Adhd Ppt


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Published in: Health & Medicine

Adhd Ppt

  1. 1. A ttention D eficit H yperactivity D isorder (ADHD) ED443G David Gofigan Eleanor Quichocho
  2. 2. Definition <ul><li>Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), sometimes called Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), involves hyperactivity, difficulty paying attention and a tendency to act impulsively. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>To describe a child with ADD/ADHD </li></ul><ul><li>To explain the signs and symptoms of ADD/ADHD </li></ul><ul><li>To discuss the types of teaching tips </li></ul>
  4. 4. Prevalence <ul><li>begins in childhood and can affect all areas of a patient’s life. </li></ul><ul><li>3% - 5% of school-aged children-2 million children in the US (National Institute of Mental Health   (NIMH)) </li></ul><ul><li>Boys outnumber girls 3 to 1 (Mental Health America) However, girls may be under diagnosed. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Three Major Types <ul><li>Predominantly inattentive (ADHD/I) </li></ul><ul><li>Predominantly hyperactive/impulsive ADHD (ADHD/HI) </li></ul><ul><li>Combined ADHD </li></ul>
  6. 6. Predominantly inattentive (ADHD/I) <ul><li>difficulty paying attention </li></ul><ul><li>struggles to concentrate and complete tasks forgetful and easily distracted </li></ul><ul><li>poor organizational skills, lethargic, sluggish, shy, anxious or constantly daydreaming </li></ul><ul><li>most often diagnosed in adolescent girls, and is diagnosed if six or more symptoms of inattention have persisted for more than six months, according to the American Psychiatric Association (APA). </li></ul>
  7. 7. Combined ADHD <ul><li>Combines symptoms of the other two forms of ADHD </li></ul><ul><li>the most common form of ADHD. </li></ul><ul><li>diagnosed in boys of elementary-school age. </li></ul><ul><li>diagnosed when six or more symptoms associated with each of the two major forms of ADHD are present. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Predominantly hyperactive/impulsive ADHD (ADHD/HI) <ul><li>difficulty controlling behavior, with an increased risk for serious aggressive or oppositional behavior and antisocial conduct. </li></ul><ul><li>fidget and excessively restless. </li></ul><ul><li>blurt out comments that are inappropriate and often do not think before they act. </li></ul><ul><li>diagnosed if six or more symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity have persisted for more than six months. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Causes <ul><li>Change in the brain structure </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic & heredity </li></ul><ul><li>Mother is exposed to chemicals during pregnancy (smoke, alcohol, drugs) </li></ul><ul><li>Child exposed to chemicals at young age </li></ul><ul><li>(environmental toxins – PCBs or Lead) </li></ul><ul><li>Gender – boys are 3x more likely than girls </li></ul>
  10. 10. What is ADHD? <ul><li> </li></ul>
  11. 11. Positive Traits <ul><li>Creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiasm and spontaneity </li></ul><ul><li>Energy and drive </li></ul>
  12. 12. Diagnostic and Criteria of Children with ADD/ADHD <ul><li>Medical evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Pediatricians </li></ul><ul><li>Psychiatrists </li></ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Early onset </li></ul><ul><li>Duration </li></ul><ul><li>Settings </li></ul><ul><li>Impact </li></ul><ul><li>Developmental level </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative explanation </li></ul>
  13. 13. Treatment <ul><li>Treatment Team </li></ul><ul><li>Child and adolescent psychiatrists </li></ul><ul><li>Psychologists </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive-behavioral therapists </li></ul><ul><li>Educational specialists </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral coaches </li></ul><ul><li>Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Education about ADHD </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral intervention strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Parent training </li></ul><ul><li>A specialized educational program </li></ul><ul><li>Medication, when necessary </li></ul>
  14. 14. Tips for Parents <ul><li>Believe in and support your child. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep things in perspective. </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to the siblings. </li></ul><ul><li>Take of yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate </li></ul><ul><li>Connect </li></ul><ul><li>Be consistent. </li></ul><ul><li>Set a good example. </li></ul><ul><li>Anticipate and avoid problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Praise good behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiate and consult with your child. </li></ul><ul><li>Pick your battles. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Teaching Tips for Teachers <ul><li>Seating </li></ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Role models </li></ul><ul><li>Peer tutoring </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative learning </li></ul><ul><li>Transition </li></ul><ul><li>Creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Home connection </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain eye contact </li></ul><ul><li>Clear and concise instructions </li></ul><ul><li>Simplicity </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>Tone </li></ul><ul><li>Positive guidance </li></ul><ul><li>Assignment notebook </li></ul>
  16. 16. Great Tips <ul><li>Be informed. </li></ul><ul><li>Move toward a project-based classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Offer choices. </li></ul><ul><li>Give kids the tools to compensate for shortcomings. </li></ul><ul><li>Make directions as easy to follow as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor progress. </li></ul><ul><li>Use alternative assessments to measure learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for help. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Technology <ul><li>Print or picture schedule </li></ul><ul><li>Low tech aids to find materials (e.g. index tabs, color coded folders) </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight text (e.g. markers, highlight tape, ruler, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Recorded material (books on tape, taped lectures with number coded index, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Voice output reminders for assignments, steps of task, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic organizers </li></ul><ul><li>Pagers and electronic reminders </li></ul><ul><li>Single word scanners </li></ul><ul><li>Hand-held scanners </li></ul><ul><li>Software for concept development/manipula-tion of objects </li></ul><ul><li>Software for outlining and organization of ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Palm computers </li></ul>
  18. 18. Thought Provoking Questions <ul><li>How should society assist and address the rise in students with ADD/ADHD upon transitioning into the world beyond high school? </li></ul><ul><li>With all the media out there about cures and meds that work with ADD/ADHD, why do we still focus on the use of Ritalin? </li></ul><ul><li>How can teachers address issues in their classroom when faced with two or more students with ADD/ADHD? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Resources <ul><li>Your Total Health </li></ul><ul><li>ADD & ADHD in Children: Recognizing the Signs and Symptoms </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching Children with ADD/ADHD </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>