FDR and the New Deal
Dr. John Holmes
U.S. History After 1877
Diablo Valley College San Ramon,
Summer 2013
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Document 24-1
Franklin, Teddy and Progressivism
The Roosevelts: New York
equivalent of European ...
Immediate responses to the Depression
“Nothing to fear except fear itself”
Rubber-stamping of legislation
The bank holiday...
The First New Deal
From money to work relief: the
alphabet soup
Peak: one-third of all employment
Keynesian “pump priming”...
The Crisis of 1934
Slow recovery; failure of NRA
Radical movements develop:
Huey Long; doc. 24-3
Upton Sinclair in Califor...
1934: Labor Revolts
Peak year for labor militancy
Three general strikes: Minneapolis,
Toledo, San Francisco
All led by rev...
The Second New Deal
Response to radical outbursts
From Progressivism to Liberalism
“Economic royalism”: FDR speech,
Foner ...
The Great Labor Upheaval of
the Late 1930s
The CIO and the AFL
Why the auto industry was key
Sitdown strikes and unemploym...
Labor Revolt in California
First outbreak: Central Valley
Communist-led 1933 cotton strike:
largest farm strike in US hist...
Strikers surging up Market
Street
San Francisco General
Strike of 1934
Grapes of Wrath and the “Okies”
Set in the late 1930s
“Okies” driven off the land by:
The Dust Bowl
Mechanization
New Deal...
Racial Minorities and the New Deal
Move to Democratic Party due to
relief for poor, not reform
Symbolic pro-black gestures...
Women and the New Deal
First administration with women in
high places
Eleanor Roosevelt the model
FDR’s “liberal conscienc...
Next Monday
World War II
Readings: Foner Chapter 22,
Johnson Chapter 25
Quiz on Chapter 22
Discussion Exercise on WWII and...
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Week seven, the 1930s

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Week seven, the 1930s

  1. 1. FDR and the New Deal Dr. John Holmes U.S. History After 1877 Diablo Valley College San Ramon, Summer 2013
  2. 2. Franklin Delano Roosevelt Document 24-1 Franklin, Teddy and Progressivism The Roosevelts: New York equivalent of European aristocracy Parallel with Democratic Southern aristocrats like Jefferson Politics more important than principles Force of will: the polio secret
  3. 3. Immediate responses to the Depression “Nothing to fear except fear itself” Rubber-stamping of legislation The bank holiday The key measure: public relief on first day in office Break from American tradition Company unions-the groundwork? Right wing backlash-Doc. 24-5 FDR as America’s therapist Fireside chats Letters to FDR: Doc. 24-2
  4. 4. The First New Deal From money to work relief: the alphabet soup Peak: one-third of all employment Keynesian “pump priming” The NRA Logical conclusion of Progressivism: All business under government regulation Eliminate overproduction by... reducing production! Ruled unconstitutional Remnant in farming
  5. 5. The Crisis of 1934 Slow recovery; failure of NRA Radical movements develop: Huey Long; doc. 24-3 Upton Sinclair in California Socialist candidate in 1920s EPIC: radical version of New Deal No support from FDR
  6. 6. 1934: Labor Revolts Peak year for labor militancy Three general strikes: Minneapolis, Toledo, San Francisco All led by revolutionary socialists Only in San Francisco led by the Communist Party
  7. 7. The Second New Deal Response to radical outbursts From Progressivism to Liberalism “Economic royalism”: FDR speech, Foner p. 815 Pillars of Second New Deal Social Security Act • Unemployment insurance; welfare Wagner act: “Labor’s Magna Carta” Fair Labor Standards Act: 40 hour week and minimum wages Budget cuts reverse recovery Only WWII ends depression
  8. 8. The Great Labor Upheaval of the Late 1930s The CIO and the AFL Why the auto industry was key Sitdown strikes and unemployment Left out of the movie clip: the role of the radicals The Reuther brothers Socialists and Communists in the UAW
  9. 9. Labor Revolt in California First outbreak: Central Valley Communist-led 1933 cotton strike: largest farm strike in US history Role of Mexican immigrants Steinbeck’s In Dubious Battle Collapse after 1933 Most successful rebellion: SF General Strike of 1934 David Selvin, A Terrible Anger Strike victory makes the ILWU the backbone of the California labor movement
  10. 10. Strikers surging up Market Street San Francisco General Strike of 1934
  11. 11. Grapes of Wrath and the “Okies” Set in the late 1930s “Okies” driven off the land by: The Dust Bowl Mechanization New Deal favoritism for landowners over tenants Temporarily displace Mexicans
  12. 12. Racial Minorities and the New Deal Move to Democratic Party due to relief for poor, not reform Symbolic pro-black gestures New Deal and racial discrimination FLSA , farmworkers and domestics Dust Bowl and FDR farm policies Breaking of 1933 California farm strike a blow to Chicanos Steinbeck and Grapes of Wrath Doc. 24-4 on Mexican farmworkers Communist Party and Scottsboro
  13. 13. Women and the New Deal First administration with women in high places Eleanor Roosevelt the model FDR’s “liberal conscience” But New Deal programs often exclude women Domestic servants excluded from FLSA WPA wages scales lower for women
  14. 14. Next Monday World War II Readings: Foner Chapter 22, Johnson Chapter 25 Quiz on Chapter 22 Discussion Exercise on WWII and race to be posted this weekend Midterm Study Guide also to be posted Tuesday: Graded debate on Hiroshima; extra readings will be posted

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