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The Secret Ballot


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The Secret Ballot

  1. 1. The Secret Ballot By Emma and Ellen
  2. 2. History of the Secret Ballot <ul><li>France was recently discovered to be the first country to have stated in their 1795 constitution that ‘All elections are to be held by secret ballot’. The policy was only adopted in 1914 according to the Lower House Parliament. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Australian miners during the Eureka Stockade in 1854 were influenced by Chartist ideas for a secret ballot. It was first used in Tasmania on the 7 th of February 1856, then in Victoria on the 19 th of March in the same year. South Australia first used the Secret Ballot on the 2 nd of April 1856, a fortnight after Victoria. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The United Kingdom introduced the Ballot Act in 1872, and the Secret Ballot was first used on 15 th August 1872. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The United States first used the ‘Australian Ballot’ in Lexington, Massachusetts. It was introduced with four components, being </li></ul><ul><li>An official ballot being printed at public expense </li></ul><ul><li>On which the names of the nominated candidates of all parties and proposals appear </li></ul><ul><li>Being distributed only at </li></ul><ul><li>the polling place </li></ul><ul><li>Being marked in secret. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Compulsory Voting <ul><li>Compulsory Voting means that every eligible Australia citizen (18+) is required by the law to enrol and vote. If someone doesn’t vote and hasn’t got a valid reason then they will be penalised. An ordinary vote is cast in a polling place in the elector’s home division on Election Day. This is the simplest way to vote and method used by 84 % of the population. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Voting Day <ul><li>Polling Day is always on a Saturday. Polling places open between 8pm and 6pm and are located in local schools, church halls or public buildings. When you enter the polling place, polling officers will direct you to an issuing table as one becomes available. There you will speak to a ballot paper issuing officer who will ask you a couple of questions before issuing you with your ballot papers. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Then you will be directed to an individual polling booth set up around the room for people to cast their votes in complete privacy. You must vote completely alone . </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>As you approach the exit there will be two ballot boxes in which you place your completed ballot papers. This ensures that no one will ever know who you voted for. </li></ul>