Primary and secondary reflection

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Primary and secondary reflection

  1. 1. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY REFLECTION: THE EXISTENTIAL FULCRUM
  2. 2. <ul><li>Philosophical thought is all about reflective thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Reflection is directed towards something that caught our attention depending on the degree of importance or value </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>“… the process of creating and clarifying the meaning of experience (past or present) in terms of self (self in relation to self and self in relation to the world.)” </li></ul><ul><li>Boyd & Fales . Reflective Learning: Key to Learning from Experience. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 1983 </li></ul>Reflective thinking
  4. 4. <ul><li>A part of the critical thinking process referring specifically to the processes of analyzing, evaluating, and making judgments about what has happened. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The result, outcome or by-product of reflective thinking is INSIGHT </li></ul>
  6. 6. REFLECTION = is a kind of “bending back”
  7. 7. INSIGHT is “seeing with the mind” seeing or perceiving things from different perspectives
  8. 8. Which way does the dancer spin in your eyes? Clockwise or counter-clockwise?
  9. 9. Clockwise: Right Brain <ul><li>Uses logic </li></ul><ul><li>Detail oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Words & language </li></ul><ul><li>Present & past </li></ul><ul><li>Math & science </li></ul><ul><li>Can comprehend </li></ul><ul><li>Knowing </li></ul><ul><li>Reality based </li></ul><ul><li>Forms strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Order/pattern perception </li></ul><ul><li>safe </li></ul>Counter-clockwise: Left Brain <ul><li>Uses feelings </li></ul><ul><li>“ big picture” oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols & images </li></ul><ul><li>Present & future </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophy & religion </li></ul><ul><li>“ can get it” (meaning) </li></ul><ul><li>Believes </li></ul><ul><li>Fantasy based </li></ul><ul><li>Presents possibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial perception </li></ul><ul><li>Risk takers </li></ul>
  10. 10. Reflection is a personal act and is closely intertwined or linked with living personal experience
  11. 11. <ul><li>Metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>Conceptual analysis (scrutinizing the essence) </li></ul>Ways of forming insight
  12. 12. Why is reflection ?
  13. 13. <ul><li>Personal Act </li></ul>REFLECTIVE THINKING
  14. 14. <ul><li>Focused on the value or worth </li></ul><ul><li>of something </li></ul>REFLECTIVE THINKING
  15. 15. Leads a person to a higher/different perspective REFLECTIVE THINKING
  16. 16. A form of conversion or transformation REFLECTIVE THINKING
  17. 17. <ul><li>Many people do not consider reflective thinking as something they could control or something they could use as a learning tool </li></ul>reflective thinking requires that we learn from our successes and failures and catalog mentally for future retrieval what has occurred and why How is this done?
  18. 18. BROKEN WORLD
  19. 19. PHENOMENOLOGICAL METHOD Focuses on the systematic analysis of the structure of consciousness Centers on conscious experiences Who am I?
  20. 20. It is a descriptive analysis of the phenomena as it appears in the acts of consciousness Uses the epoche (suspension of the natural attitude)
  21. 21. PRIMARY REFLECTION SECONDARY REFLECTION <ul><li>There is a problem to be solved </li></ul><ul><li>Analytic process </li></ul><ul><li>Breaks the unity of an experience </li></ul><ul><li>Recollection of an experience </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptive analysis of an experience </li></ul><ul><li>A mystery </li></ul><ul><li>Synthetic process </li></ul><ul><li>Unifies an experience </li></ul><ul><li>Transcendence </li></ul><ul><li>Recuperation </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses on the existential search for meaning </li></ul>
  22. 22. Ultimate goals of reflective thinking: <ul><li>Balance and harmony </li></ul><ul><li>Conversion and transformation </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancement of quality and meaning of life </li></ul>
  23. 23. Philosophy as a Discipline INSIGHT Questioning Personhood Liberation
  24. 24. Any insights regarding the lesson?

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