ROGER B. TRAJANO
It is a form of art that depicts life’s
experiences through the re-enactment
of events that take place in the real
world or happened in the mind of a
It is derived from the Greek word dram
meaning to act or to do.
It is performed on stage or in front of
the camera by actor or actresses.
Are those elements of drama as a
The director is the overall in charge
of the dramatic performance. He
instruct the actors and all the people
involved in the production from the
production assistants to the
cameramen, props men, effects men,
The members of the cast perform
the roles assigned to them by the
director. They read the script, memorize
their lines, follow the instructions given
by the director, and give justice to their
The editor sequences the scenes
to be presented in such a way that they
make up a coherent whole. Like a
newspaper editor who deletes
unnecessary words from a news article,
he takes out unnecessary scenes,
particularly the obscene and offensive
The set designer does the layout of
the set. He determines what to place as
backdrop and what to put on stage.
It is the person who takes charge
of the photography. He looks for a
location that fits the story and, with the
aid of the cameramen, shoot the scene
forming part of the drama.
Similar to the set designer is
tasked to do the overall design for a
drama to be shown on the small screen
or the wide screen. A production
designer has a bigger responsibility
because his work is not only limited to a
studio, a room, or the stage but it
covers an area as wide as a small
community or large province.
The costume designer creates the
clothes to be worn by the actor and the
actresses. Akin to a fashion designer who
comes up with a fashionable clothes
appealing to his target market, he sees to it
that the costumes suits the characters to be
portrayed by the performers.
The make-up artist beautifies or
uglifies the actors and actresses based
on the role they portray.
The properties are the things which
the actor and the actresses carry or
bring with them as they perform on
stage or in front of the camera in order
to establish their characters.
The lights man is in charge of
determining the amount and the
sources of light needed to make scenes
realistic and credible.
The sound effects man is in charge
of determining the amount and the
sources of the sounds needed to make
the scenes realistic and credible.
The visual effects man is in charge
of producing those sights that are not
usually captured by the camera in order
to make the scenes effective, exciting,
and appealing to the viewers.
The theme song is the song
composed to represent the theme or the
subject matter of the drama.
The theme song is not the only
song played in a drama, whether it is a
comedy, a tragedy, a melodrama, or
another genre. There are other song
played to set the mood, to excite the
audience, or keep the viewers glued to
The story is one of the most
important aspects of a play for without
it, there won’t be any production. The
story maybe an adaptation or an
original narrative. The story is the
brainchild of the writer of the original
story or of the author of the novel, short
story, epic poetry, or any literary piece
turned into play.
It is a drama performed on stage.
The dramatic performers perform live
before an audience.
It is a drama aired over the radio.
The dramatic performers perform live in
the studio but not before an audience.
It is a drama shown on television.
The dramatic performers tape the play
days before it is presented to the public.
Movie or Film
It is a drama shown on the wide
screen. The dramatic performers shoot
the film months before it is presented to
The earliest recorded theatrical
event dates back to 2000 B.C. with the
passion plays of Ancient Egypt. The
story of the god Osiris was performed
annually at festivals throughout the
civilization, marking the known
beginning of a long relationship
between theater and religion.
The earliest days of western
theater remain obscure, but the oldest
surviving plays come from Ancient
Greece. Most philologists agree that
Greek theater evolved from staged
religious choral performances, during
celebrations to Dionysus, the Greek god
of wine and fertility. The tragic and satyr
plays were always performed at the
festival. Performances lasted several
hours and were held during daytime.
Ancient Roman theater was heavily
influenced by the Greek tradition. The
Roman dramatists tended to adopt and
translate from the Greek as writers in
other literary genres did. Compared to
Greek theater, Roman theater was less
influenced by religion and was more
In the Middle Ages, theater was
reborn as liturgical dramas, written in
Latin and dealing with Bible Stories and
performed by priests or church
members. Then came vernacular drama
spoken in the vulgate this was more
elaborate series of one-act dramas
enacted in town squares or oter parts of
the city. There were three types of
vernacular dramas: mystery or cycle
plays, miracle plays, and Secular plays.
Theatrical activities, particularly
comedies, flourished in Italy, England,
and Spain during the 16th and early 17th
century. During the early part of this
period was simple; however, at the
latter part of this period, more elaborate
theaters were constructed to satisfy the
needs of the actors and the viewers.
During this period, drama was not
only performed live on stage but also
enjoyed through the mediums of radio,
television, and cinema. Stage
performers became television and
movie actors to gain more popularity
since television and film have wider
audiences compared to stage;
moreover, they received a higher pay.