ROGER B. TRAJANO
It is a form of art using rhythmic
bodily movements expressing
ideas and emotions and
accompanied by music.
As an art form, it may tell a
story, set a mood, or express an
It is also a form of recreation.
It is also a form of socialization.
It is the most important element of
dance. He executes the steps, follows
the instruction of the
choreographer, wears the
costumes, and carries the props.
It is a dance director. He does the
overall design of the dance, assigns the
step to be executed by the dancer/s
select the costumes and props that go
with the dance, and determines the set
designed for the dance.
It is the planned organization or
pattern of movements in time and
space. It involves the movements and
the positioning of the dancers, and the
steps executed by them.
It is the message of the dance. It
tells what dance is all about.
It is classified into steps, gestures,
and facial expressions. Steps are the
dancers’ movements from one point on
stage to another; these includes leaps,
turns, rolls, and somersaults.
Gestures are the movements of their
heads, hands, feet, and other body
parts; these includes swaying, head
shaking, foot stomping, and clapping.
Facial expressions are the movements
of their facial parts, as exemplified by
the raising of eyebrows, putting of
lips, and crumpling of forehead.
It is the style or way of executing
It is the things worn by the dancers
during their performance. These
includes the head gear, the upper
garments, and the footwear.
Hat, caps, fez.
Bonnets, helmets, crown, etc.
blouse, kimono, kimona, etc.
properties are things carried by the
dancers as they perform. These
includes glasses with lighted
candles, sombreros, etc.
It is the setting or the background
that indicates the place of action for the
Other Theatrical Elements
Elements such as lighting
effects, sound effects, and the like form
part of a dance performance when the
danced is performed as part of a
musical play or when it is a theatrical
Folk or Ethnic Dances
are those performed by members
of a tribe or ethnic group to conduct
their day-to-day activities.
Social or Ballroom Dances
are those performed by pairs or
groups in ballrooms or dance halls to
Spectacular or Theatrical Dances
are those performed on stage as a
spectacle to entertain the audience.
The Egyptians were the first great
culture to infuse its society with the
magic of dance; which evolved from the
most simple rituals used by hunters to
find their prey.
Greek dance evolved from basic
dramatic form which incorporated
dance, music, spoken words, and
Participation in dance and drama
festival was a religious exercise not
merely an amusement.
There were more than 200 Greek
dances designed for every mood and
Rome imported entertainers from
Greece to perform theatrical pieces in
honor of the gods and to amuse a
population weary from a plague.
Romans were influenced by Grecian
models, putting the most emphasis on
the spectacle and mime to the extent
that dancing itself almost disappeared.
Originally dance movements were
part of dramatic rituals, the best-known
of which is the Latin Mass. By the
middle ages these works moved from
inside the churches to the out-of-doors.
Another important rite of the Middle
Ages was known as the dance of death.
This Period saw the birth of the
theatre in dance in the courts of Italian
City states, where such dance was
used as a political machinery to show
splendour, wealth and power.
During the middle 17th
century, ballet became a spectacle in
every court. Public ballet performances
involved more than just dancing
because they were a mixture of
poetry, music, dialogue, and elaborate
dance. Such ballet performance was
known as ballets a entrees.
During the 20th century, jazz and
tap dance became popular as classic
ballet continued to flourish. Social
dances such as the fox trot, two-
step, Boston, Charleston, Castle
walk, Castle polka, tango, conga, and