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  1. 1. Prepared by: MARIA ANGELA L. DIOPOL MP-SP Raymond Cattell’s Factor-Analytic Trait Theory
  2. 2. Raymond Bernard Cattell 1905-1998  Cattell was born in England in 1905 to a family of engineers. Cattell was a bright student, graduating with his doctorate in psychology in 1929 from the University of London at 23. In 1937, Cattell was invited to the states by E.L. Thorndike in New York.  It was in Illinois, that he spent his most productive years developing personality tests. In 1997, he was awarded a lifetime achievement award from the American Psychological Foundation.
  3. 3. Publications Description and Measurement of Personality Personality: A Systematic, Theoretical, and Factual Study The Scientific Analysis of Personality Structured Personality-Learning Theory 1946 1950 1983 1957 1966 Personality and Motivation Structure 1990 Handbook of personality
  4. 4. Psychological Tests The Culture Free Test of Intelligence The O-A Personality Test Battery The Motivation Analysis Test Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire 1944 1954 1950 1973 1970 The Clinical Analysis Questionnaire
  5. 5. Cattell’s Approaches to Measuring the Structure of Personality • Inductive method • 3 Media of Observation (L-data, Q- data, and T-data) • Common and Unique Traits • Source and Surface Traits • Temperament, Motivation, and Ability • 16 Personality Factors Questionnaire (16PF Scale)
  6. 6. Factor Analysis • A complicated statistical method that finds relationships among many different or diverse items and allows them to be grouped together.
  7. 7. Trait Theory • An approach for analyzing the structure of personality by measuring, identifying, and classifying similarities and differences in personality or traits.
  8. 8. • Cattell views personality as a complex and differentiated structure of traits. View of Personality
  9. 9. Q-Data Questionnaire Data Self-rating questionnaire - Asking people to describe themselves in response to a set of standard questions. T-Data Objective test Data - The creation of special situations in which the person’s behavior may be objectively scored. L-Data Life Record Data - Actual records of the person’s behavior in society. 3 Major Sources of Data About Personality
  10. 10. Trait • relatively permanent reaction tendencies that are basic structural units of the personality.
  11. 11. Traits
  12. 12. SURFACE TRAITSSURFACE TRAITS SOURCE TRAITSSOURCE TRAITS The Nature of Personality: A Structure of Traits
  13. 13. ABILITY TRAITS 1. Fluid Intelligence 2. Crystallized Intelligence TEMPERAMENT • style and tempo of behavior • largely constitutional (inherited) DYNAMIC TRAITS 1. Attitudes 2. Ergs 3. Sentiments (Sems) The Nature of Personality: A Structure of Traits
  14. 14. 16 PF • Warmth • Reasoning • Emotional Stability • Dominance • Liveliness • Rule-Consciousness • Social Boldness • Sensitivity • Vigilance • Abstractedness • Privateness • Apprehensiveness • Openness to Change • Self-Reliance • Perfectionism • Tension
  15. 15. Global Factors Global Factors were derived from the primary traits. These describe the personality on a broader level. • Extraversion • Anxiety • Tough-Mindedness • Independence • Self-Control
  16. 16. Help to find the right person for the job, and the right job for the person
  17. 17. Stages of Personality Development
  18. 18. In a memorial biography, Heather E. P. Cattell and John Horn wrote, “…he must be considered among a very small handful of people in this century who have most influenced the shape of psychology as a science." Cattell, H. E. P. & Horn, J. (2012). A short biography: Raymond Bernard Cattell. Retrieved from
  19. 19. • Raymond Cattell's professional writings ranked as the seventh most frequently cited in psychology journals • Cattell was ranked at number 16 S. J. Haggbloom et al. (2002), "The 100 most eminent psychologists of the 20th century", Review of General Psychology, 6(2), 139-152.
  20. 20. REFERENCES Cattell, R. B. (1946). The description and measurement of personality. NewYork, NY: Harcourt, Brace, & World. Cattell, R. B. (1957). Personality and motivation structure and measurement. NewYork, NY: World Book. Cattell, H. E. P. & Horn, J. (2012). A short biography: Raymond Bernard Cattell. Retrieved from Conn, S.R., & Rieke, M.L. (1994). The 16PF Fifth Edition technical manual. Champaign, IL: Institute for Personality andAbilityTesting, Inc. Feist,Jess and Gregory, Theories of Personality, 2010 Hall,Lindzey and Campbell, Theories of Personality,4th ed.,1998 Horn, J. (2000). Cattell, Raymond B. In A. E. Kazdin (Ed), Encyclopedia of psychology, 2, 55-57. Washington DC: American Psychological Association. Indiana University. (2007). Raymond B. Cattell. Human Intelligence. Found online at McEntarffer, R. and Weseley,A.J., Barron’s AP Psychology 5th ed.,2012 Morris, et al., Psychology:Concepts and Applications,2007. S. J. Haggbloom et al. (2002), "The 100 most eminent psychologists of the 20th century", Review of General Psychology, 6(2), 139-152.