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  1. 1. Piaget's Cognitive Stages of Development Prepared by: Maria Angela L. Diopol Education Units – Imus Institute
  2. 2. Jean William Fritz Piaget • Born: 9 August 1896 Neuchatel, Switzerland • Died: 16 September 1980 Geneva, Switzerland (aged 84) • University of Neuchatel; University of Zurich • Fields: Developmental Psychology, Epistemology
  3. 3. Who is Jean Piaget’s? Arthur Piaget Valentine Châtenay Jean Rebecca Jackson sister sister 1896-1980 Born in Switzerland Jacqueline Lucienne Laurent First published at age 11  First published at age 11 Know for cognitive development theory  Know for cognitive development theory
  4. 4. Aug. 9, 1896-- Born in Neuchatel, Switzerland 1906--- Published first scientific paper 1911--- Started publishing on own 1917--- Published a philosophic novel, Recherch � 1918--- Doctor's degree with a thesis on mollusks of Valais 1919--- In Paris, started to study language development in children 1921--- Started to work in child psychology 1922--- Met and married Valentine Chatenay in Geneva 1924--- Published The Language and Thought of the Child 1925--- First daughter born 1926--- Published The Child's Conception of the World 1927--- Second daughter born 1927--- Published The Child's Conception of Causality 1928--- Published Judgment and Reasoning in the Child 1929--- Appointed professor of history of scientific thought at the University of Geneva 1931--- First son born
  5. 5. 1932--- Published The Moral Judgment of the Child 1936--- Published The Origins of Intelligence in Children 1940--- Became Director of the Psychology Laboratory 1950--- Member of the Executive Council of UNESCO 1951--- Published Play, Dreams, and Imitation in Children 1955--- Became director of International Center for Epistemology in Geneva 1958--- Published The Growth of Logical Thinking From Childhood to Adolescence 1970--- Published Carmichael's Manual of Child Psychology 1971--- Published Biology and Knowledge 1972--- Defined the four stages of intellectual development 1974--- Published The Grasp of Consciousness 1980-- Died on September 17th
  6. 6. How do we understand the world around us? As we get older our collection of knowledge helps us to understand and comprehend the world around us… ANIMALS ARE INTERESTING CREATURES DOGS HAVE 4 LEGS ?? DOGS, CATS & HORSE’S HAVE 4 LEGS I NEED TO GO TO UNI TO BE ABLE TO WORK AS A VET
  7. 7. Three Basic Components to Piaget’s Cognitive Theory
  8. 8. SCHEMA • Basic building block of intelligent behavior. • Units of knowledge • Set of linked mental representations of the world, which we use both to understand and to respond to situations.
  10. 10. SENSORIMOTOR STAGE Birth – 2 years Object permanence Mental representation
  11. 11. • Object permanence – the concept that things continue to exist even when they are out of sight. • Mental representation – mental images or symbols (such as words) used to think about or remember an object, a person, or an event.
  12. 12. PREOPERATIONAL STAGE 2 – 7 years Language development Fantasy play Symbolic gestures Egocentrism
  13. 13. • Egocentric – unable to see things from another’s point of view.
  14. 14. CONCRETE OPERATIONAL STAGE 7 – 11 years Conservation Complex classification
  15. 15. • Principles of conservation – the concept that the quantity of a substance is not altered by reversible changes in its appearance. • Complex classification – to think about objects as being simultaneously members of two classes, one more inclusive than the other.
  16. 16. FORMAL OPERATIONAL STAGE Adolescence - Adulthood • They are capable of going beyond the here and now to understand things in terms of cause and effect, to consider possibilities as well as realities, and to develop and use general rules, principles, and theories.
  17. 17. “ The principle goal of education in the schools should be creating men and women who are capable of doing new things, not simply repeating what other generations have done. ” - Jean Piaget
  18. 18. References: • • Smith, L. (1997). Jean Piaget. In N.Sheehy, A. Chapman. W.Conroy (eds). Biographical dictionary of psychology. London: Routledge. • McLeod, S.A. (2009). Jean Piaget / Cognitive Theory – Simply Psychology. Retrieved from • Lundin, R. W. (1996). Theories and Systems of Psychology 5th Ed. pp. 287-290 • Morris, C.G. (2007). Psychology Concepts and Applications. pp.241-243