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The Natural Approach

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This PPT mentions some basic information about the Natural Approach in EFL Teaching.

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The Natural Approach

  1. 1. THEORY OF LANGUAGE THE ESSENCE OF LANGUAGE IS MEANING. VOCABULARY NOT GRAMMAR IS THE HEART OF LANGUEGETHEORY OF LEARNING THERE ARE TWO WAYS OF L2 LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT:1. «ACQUISITION»: A NATURAL SUBCONSCIOUS PROCESS2. «LEARNING»: A CONSCIOUS PROCESS LEARNING CANNOT LEAD TO ACQUISITION
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES DESIGNED TO GIVE BEGINNERS AND INTERMEDIATE LEARNERS BASIC COMMUNICATIVE SKILLS. FOUR BROAD AREAS; BASIC PERSONAL COMMUNICATIVE SKILLS (ORAL/WRITTEN); ACADEMIC LEARNING SKILLS (ORAL/WRITTEN)SYLLABUS BASED ON SELECTION OF COMMUNICATIVE ACTIVITIES AND TOPICS DERIVED FROM LEARNER NEEDS
  3. 3. ACTIVITY TYPES ACTIVITIES ALLOWING COMPREHENSIBLE INPUT, ABOUT THINGS IN THE HERE-AND-NOW. FOCUS ON MENAING NOT FORMLEARNER ROLES SHOULD NOT TRY AND LEARN LANGUAGE IN THE USUAL SENSE, BUT SHOULD TRY AND LOSE THEMSELVES IN ACTIVITIES INVOLVING MEANINGFUL COMMUNICATION
  4. 4. TEACHER ROLES THE TEACHER IS PRIMARY SOURCE OF COMPREHENSIBLE INPUT. MUST CREATE POSITIVE LOW-ANXIETY CLIMATE. MUST CHOOSE AND ORCHESTRATE A RICH MIXTURE OF CLASSROOM ACTIVITIESROLES OF MATERIALS MATERIALS COME FROM REALIA RATHER THAN TEXTBOOKS. PRIMARY AIM IS TO PROMOTE COMPREHENSION AND COMMUNICATION Taken from the table 4.1 in approaches and methods – an Overview (adapted from Nunan, 1989). This PPT presentation was made by Cesar Torres

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