Apple 2011


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  • Middle School Science “What do you know about elements, compounds, and mixtures?”
  • 2005 study follow up 2009 British Academy at Coventry Univ. phonological awareness
  • Picture from:
  • King Lear
  • 4th grade's Living ClassroomsThe Living Classroom across Kirby Road deals with trees particular to Virginia, and is associated with the Fourth grade. Our second Living Classroom is down near a stream
  • Lynn Sullivan
  • (Are They Really Ready to Work, 2006).
  • (Smith, 2008).
  • Apple 2011

    1. 1. Text a Newspaper headline for…<br />Send a new text message to: 87884 in message type @wif51231<br />OR<br />Login to :<br />
    2. 2. Toys to Tools - Using Cell Phones in the Classroom<br />Liz Kolb, Ph.D.<br />University of Michigan<br /><br /><br /> (presentation)<br />Twitter: lkolb<br />Liz’s Mobile Business Card<br />Send a new text: <br />50500<br />In message: <br />kolb <br /><br />
    3. 3. What you can do on your cell phone in 2011<br />Use it as a credit or debit card <br />Identify people (facial recognition)<br />Use it as personal identification<br />Take and simultaneously post live video to the Internet or another phone<br />Purchase or sell stocks<br />Vote<br />Diagnosis 340 different diseases<br />Oh…and make a phone call<br />
    4. 4. Knox County (TN) School Relaxing Policy<br /><br />Proposed Policy<br /><br />iPod Contract<br /><br />
    5. 5. Part 1<br />Why Mobile Devices?<br />
    6. 6. Increase participation & Communication<br />
    7. 7. Speak up 2010 Report 100,000+ students<br />For the first time since 2003, when asked to identify the major obstacle to prevent use of technology in school, students in grades 6–12 said “I cannot use my own cell phone, smart phone or Mp3 player in school.”<br />
    8. 8.
    9. 9.<br />
    10. 10.
    11. 11. Access/Bridge Digital Divide<br />
    12. 12.
    13. 13. Internet v. Mobile<br />73% of U.S. household’s have Internet access<br />57% have broadband<br />43% have dial-up<br />30% of U.S. citizens do not use the Internet at all<br />63% of people with a household income of <49K have no Internet<br />87% of U.S. Citizens own Cell phones. <br />13% of U.S. citizens do not own a cell phone<br />94% of U.S. Citizens 18-45 own a cell phone<br />18% of U.S. Citizens with an income of <50K do not have a cell phone<br />Park Associates and CTIA wireless association, both 2007<br />
    14. 14.
    15. 15. 50% of will be smartphone<br />Users by end of 2011<br />
    16. 16. How many Text Messages Per Month do 13-17 year old’s send?<br /><br />
    17. 17. 13 to 17 year olds send average of 3,146 messages a month<br />
    18. 18. Create a mobile class website<br /><br />
    19. 19. Improving on Traditional Learning<br />
    20. 20. Research on cell phones in learning says…<br />"The proportions of textisms that kids used in their sentence translations was positively linked to verbal reasoning; the more textspeak kids used, the higher their test scores”<br />2) "The younger the age at which the kids had received mobile phones, the better their ability to read words and identify patterns of sound in speech.”<br /><br />
    21. 21. 9th Graders Text Messaging Romeo and Juliet<br /><ul><li>9th Grade English in Michigan
    22. 22. Translating Romeo and Juliet to “text speak”
    23. 23. Start in class with translating a few lines to a wiffiti board.
    24. 24. Voting on best “translations”
    25. 25. Move to Homework
    26. 26. Create a whole text message novel of Romeo and Juliet
    27. 27. Using Texting to Teach Shakespare</li></li></ul><li>Use a cell phone to write a private or collaborative novel, poem, chapter review, or short story to “publish” on a cell phone.<br />Mobile Novels<br /><br />
    28. 28. Autistic Children in Akron OH<br />Use pictures for parents/children to communicate<br />Social stigma associated with this<br />Parents & teachers now use cell phones to take pictures and show pictures to children (to communicate w/out social stigma)<br />
    29. 29.
    30. 30. Using Qrcodes in high school<br /><br />
    31. 31.<br />
    32. 32.
    33. 33.
    34. 34. Qrcode 2nd grade trip to zoo<br />
    35. 35. QRcodes<br />Bar codes for cell phones, iPods. Take a picture of a bar code and receive information on your phone.<br />Need to download a free reader on your phone or ipod<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />Mobile Tag in iTunes<br />
    36. 36. Field Trips & Homework<br />Extending Learning<br />
    37. 37. EXAMPLE: Mobile Podcasting Project: Field Trips<br />High School Chemistry Students on a field trip at Cranbrook Science Museum in MI. <br />Cell Phones pictures documented chemical elements.<br />Used: Camera on cell phone and sent to at<br />
    38. 38. Mobile Podcasting Project: Author Study<br />Middle School 6th-7th Grade<br />Used:<br />Web link:<br /><br />
    39. 39. Mobile Surveys and Quizzes<br /><br />Create surveys and quizzes online and send to phones via text message (cost) or mobile Internet<br />Take Liz’s Survey<br /><br />
    40. 40. Alerts Project: Film on the Fly<br /><br /><br />
    41. 41. Text Message Alerts!<br />Sending out mass text messages to large or small groups of people. <br /><br /><br />
    42. 42. Let’s Begin with a Text on the Fly!<br /><br />
    43. 43. Advanced: Picture on the Fly<br />Step 1: Create an account in<br />Step 2: Login to Flickr<br />Step 3: Click on Uploading Tools (next to Upload Photos)<br />Step 4: Click on Upload by Email. You will be given an email address where you can send pictures and/or videos from your cell phone directly into Flickr.<br />Step 5: Go Outside and Find an interesting biological phenomena (leafs, grass, animals...etc).<br />Step 6: Take a picture or video of the phenomena, send a text message of what you believe the phenomena to be (take a guess if needed). Send it to our Flickr Mobile Account.<br />Step 7: Login to<br />Step 8: Place your image on the Flickr Map in the EXACT location where you found the item (Organize--My Map).<br />
    44. 44. Summer Text Program<br />Norwich Free Academy (Connecticut)<br />Text of the week!<br />Monday is vocabulary day<br />Tuesday is science facts<br />Wednesday is mathematics<br />Thursday is history <br />Friday covers a variety of topics including general knowledge and cultural literacy <br />Each day is a theme<br />Parents and Students Opt in<br />
    45. 45. Authenticity: Connecting “Real World” to School Learning<br />
    46. 46. Millennials Rising (Neil Howe and William Strauss)<br />How 21st Century Students learn best…<br />Collaboratively <br />Anytime, anyplace, anywhere, any pace<br />Structured activities<br />Relevancy with real world<br />*They want to do this with the TECHNOLOGY of their generation<br />
    47. 47. WELCOME To The Era of the…Free Agent Learner<br />Technology enabled <br />bottom up learner<br />ANYTIME<br />ANYWHERE<br />ANYPLACE<br />ANY PACE<br />
    48. 48. For Example…<br />1-800-2chacha<br />Send text Query to 36266<br />
    49. 49. Google Calendar<br />Text Events to Google Calendar<br />Send to 48368<br />Text Alerts from Google Calendar<br />Under Google Cal—Settings--Mobile Set Up<br />Google Mobile App<br />
    50. 50. Mobile Podcasting Project: Connecting Algebra to Real World<br />High School Algebra<br />Used<br />Web link:<br /><br />
    51. 51. Conference Recording<br /><br />Record up to 200 people on one phone call at one time.<br />Bring in experts!<br />Record group discussions for HW<br />Record Open House <br />
    52. 52. Mobile Jobs and Citizenship<br />
    53. 53. Fundamental Shift in 21st Century Workforce<br />Technological changes are displacing low-skilled workers and making room for more high-skilled creative and innovative workers. <br />Employers are calling for schools to integrate new skills into education<br />
    54. 54. Mobile Job Opportunities for Students<br />
    55. 55. Search for “cell phone skills” on<br />
    56. 56. Fundamental Shift in Citizenship Practices<br />74% of all 18-24 year olds were politically active on the Internet during the 2008 campaign<br />During the 2008 campaign, 49% of younger voters (18-24) shared information via text message about the campaigns.<br /><br />
    57. 57. iReporting<br />
    58. 58. Mobile Blogging<br />
    59. 59. Mobile Blogging<br />Tumblr<br /><br />Phone call, picture, text or video post directly to blog<br />Goodies<br />TumblriPod App too!<br />
    60. 60. Improving on Oral Language Activities<br />
    61. 61. Katie Titler<br /><br />
    62. 62. Avatar Project: Spanish Oral Exams<br />High School Spanish 2 & 3 Students<br />Developed an Avatar to take oral exams<br />Used<br />Focus: Engagement in oral speaking, oral speaking exams, culture representation with images<br />
    63. 63. Voicemarking a map<br /><br />
    64. 64. Web 2.0 Voicemail<br />A cell phone that couples with a website in order to create MP3 files of voicemails, transcripts of voicemails, smart greeting for individual or groups of callers, and stores all calling information.<br /><br />(734) 408-4495<br />
    65. 65. Google Voice in World Language<br /><br />
    66. 66. Podcast Activity: NPR “This I Believe…”<br />10th Grade English<br />Wrote their own This I Believe<br />Recorded for HW via Cell Phone<br />Submitted BEST to NPR<br />Focus: Speaking Skills, Persuasive Writing Skills, Editing Skills<br />
    67. 67. This I Believe Podcasting Project…<br />Find a Partner<br />Create a 1 minute “This I Believe…” Podcast<br />Podcast should begin & end with “This I believe…”<br />Topic of your choice<br />Can be humorous, sad, inquisitive <br />Call in to Liz’s Google Voice # (734) 408-4495<br />Record your podcast<br />
    68. 68. Audioboo on iPod for Podcasting or Oral Recording<br /><br />
    69. 69. Getting Started<br />Mobile Safety and Appropriate Use<br />
    70. 70. Step 1: Survey students<br />Give Students a Survey<br />
    71. 71.
    72. 72.
    73. 73.
    74. 74.
    75. 75.
    76. 76.
    77. 77. Step 2: MOBILE Safety<br />
    78. 78. Discuss Mobile Safety & Appropriate Use<br />Part of digital footprint<br />Your digital dossier that includes Internet activity such as social networking, email, chat rooms, <br />YOU can’t erase this!!! Permanent record<br />EVERYTHING you send via text message (pictures, videos, text, audio…etc) is PUBLIC!!!<br />Example: Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick<br />Mobile “bullying” and “sexting” is public<br />MTV Special on Sextingand Quiz<br />Students should know their plans<br />Bring in their cell phone plan and a bill<br />Discuss what is charged and how much<br />Give Students a Survey<br />Learn more specific safety tips at Connectsafely<br />
    79. 79. Life Consequences<br />Students are sometimes “sexting” “to friends for their entertainment value, as a joke or for fun."<br />Six teens face child porn (13 to 15) charges after being caught "sexting" each other. Criminal Charge!<br />IN PA, 3 girls (12, 12, 16) charged with child pornography for sexing. Picture of them in bras.<br />15% of teenagers have risque photos of themselves or their friends on their cell phones.<br />1 in 5 sext recipients report that they have passed the images along to someone else <br /><br />
    80. 80. "If you take a picture, you can be accused of producing child pornography; if you send it to somebody, you can be accused of distributing child pornography; and if you keep a picture, you can be accused of possessing child pornography. Anywhere along this chain of transmission of the images, you can be charged as a registered sex offender." -Parry Aftab, an Internet privacy and security lawyer. <br />
    81. 81. Step 3: Social Contract<br />
    82. 82. Tips for Social Contract<br />The teacher should explain to the students that there should be some rules concerning how their cell phones will be used in the classroom, and students have an opportunity to be part of the rule making process (the goal is to have no more than 5 simple rules to follow and a consequence for non-compliance).<br />Students should be asked to brainstorm rules. During the brainstorm, students should be encouraged to support their rule with reasons why it should be implemented (such as “cell phones should be on vibrate at all times”, the student should then explain why this is important. If they can’t, ask for other students to help explain it.)<br />Once there is a workable list of rules, students should be encouraged to narrow the list to about five rules. The teacher may want to do this himself, or to use the analogy of a professional job where one is given a cell phone and a contract. One could ask the students to imagine that they were given a professional contract, hen they could be asked which“rules” they think should be implemented in their classroom. Using this analogy may also help to eliminate some redundant or unnecessary rules.<br />Once the rules have been selected. The students should be asked to brainstorm consequences for not following the rules. Once again, asking students to decide on the best option. <br />The teacher should let the students know that she will be adding these rules and consequences to a permission form that will be sent home to have parents and the students sign.<br />
    83. 83. 5 Rules for Cell Phones in Schools<br />Set rules based on business regulations for cell phone use (look at business contracts)<br />Social contract with students<br /><ul><li>Must be on vibrate at all times
    84. 84. Keep them in the front of the room until you are going to use them.
    85. 85. All messages/media sent or published must be related to lesson.
    86. 86. If you are referencing someone else in class, you must have their approval before posting or publishing.
    87. 87. Create a permission form (in addition to the School’s AUP)</li></li></ul><li>Step 4: Permission Form<br />
    88. 88. Sample Permission Form<br />
    89. 89. Dear Parents and Guardians,<br />We are starting a new project this year in our biology course. The students will be taking pictures of different biological species that they encounter in their everyday lives and posting on a private class website. In order to capture the species in the everyday lives of the students, I have given them the option of using their cell phones to take the pictures and send them to the class website. While the students are not required to have a cell phone for the project, they are welcome to use their own if they choose to and if you allow them. In class, we will be discussing issues of mobile safety and etiquette before starting the project. I will be using the ConnectSafely Guidelines for Mobile Safety ( ). If you would like to participate in this conversation, please feel free to attend the class sessions on March 5th and 6th during any of the biology class periods:<br />8:00-9:00<br />9:10-10:10<br />2:10-3:10<br />
    90. 90. In addition, I will be holding an information night about mobile safety and the project on March 3rd at 7:00pm. I will go over the project in detail, show you how it works, and also answer any questions you may have about using cell phones in learning.<br />
    91. 91. There is some research that supports the need for using student cell phones in learning and teaching students how cell phones can be a productive and important tool for their future professional growth. This will be discussed in detail at the information night as well as during the March 5th and 6th class sessions.<br />
    92. 92. Finally, you are welcome to participate in this project! We are using a private space in a photo-sharing site called Flickr, where all the photos will be sent and eventually posted to a map at the exact location they were uncovered. You are welcome to take a picture of a biological species that you encounter, send it to along with a short text message on what you think the species is and the location of where you took the picture! Feel free to check the website each week to see the learning progress. Login: Kolbbiology Password: Biokid<br />
    93. 93. I hope to see you in class and/or on the March 3rd information night. In the meantime if you have any questions or concerns do not hesitate to contact me at or by phone 777-222-5777.<br />I give permission for my child to use their cell phone for phone calling for this project:<br />______________________________________________________. (parent signature)<br />**They can only use _____ number of calling minutes for this project<br />I give permission for my child to use their cell phone for text messaging for this project:<br />______________________________________________________. (parent signature)<br />**They can only use _____ number of text messages for this project<br />I give permission for my child to use their cell phone for mobile Internet for this project:<br />______________________________________________________. (parent signature)<br />I give permission for my child to use their cell phone for taking and sending pictures and/ or videos (circle one or both) for this project:<br />______________________________________________________. (parent signature)<br />**They can only send _____ number of media messages for this project<br />
    94. 94. Rules agreed upon by students and teacher<br />Cell Phones Must Be on Vibrate at All Times<br />Cell phones should be placed in the front of the room at the beginning of class (at the designated table in your numbered slot) and whenever they are not needed for instruction<br />All mobile messages or media sent from your phone during class MUST be related to the lesson or activity<br />If you are referencing someone else in class, you must have their (recorded verbal or written) approval before posting or publishing.<br />
    95. 95. Consequences<br />The student will be asked to write a letter home to you and explain why they did not follow the rules in class. They will also be asked to come up with better class guidelines around cell phones use in schools so this does not occur again.<br /> <br />I will adhere to the classroom rules for cell phone use<br />___________________________________________________. (student signature)<br /> <br />Thank you<br />Liz Kolb<br />
    96. 96.
    97. 97. Step 5: Alternatives<br />
    98. 98. Alternative Ideas<br />Select an online resource that couples with cell phones, but also has web-based options for uploading or sharing. For example if you use Flickr to send pictures to and from mobile phones to a private place online, students who do not have a cell phone, can still upload to Flickr via the web.<br />Grouping students. Purposely putting students in groups or pairs where the teacher knows that at least one of the group members has a cell phone that can be used for the project is a simple way to keep the students who do not have cell phones anonymous (because the teacher can say, “someone in each group should take out their cell phone to use for this activity.”)<br />Allow students to use your own cell phone.<br />Landlines (many web-based cell phone resources have toll free calling numbers) for phone calling activities. <br />Center activities for K-8 students where the teacher can use one cell phone with all the students during center time.<br />Allow students to use hardcopy options that they hand in to you, and you upload the work to the online resource. This is important since a few parents do not want their children using cell phones in any capacity.<br />
    99. 99. Step 6: parent Information night<br />
    100. 100. Parent Night Ideas<br />An overview of why you are using the student cell phones.<br />Describe the project(s) that will revolve around cell phone use, and any cost associated with the project and student cell phone use. <br />Alternatives that the students have for completing the project without using cell phones <br />Any change in school cell phone policy as a result of the project(s). <br />Rules of the cell phone use during the project and the consequences for the students who do not follow the rules.<br />Parents should be invited to participate in the activity (within reason). <br />Provide parents with multiple ways for feedback (email address, a text message number, a voicemail (Google Voice would be great for this), and an online anonymous survey (such as Google Form). <br />
    101. 101. Step 7: start slowly, remind, Follow through, and Feedback<br />
    102. 102. Summary of 16 teachers using student cell phones <br />11 Teachers from across the U.S. who are using student cell phones<br />
    103. 103.
    104. 104. Dealing with school Bans of Cell Phones?<br />Each teacher’s school district had differing policies governing cell phones, some completely banned them, whereas others simply had restrictions on how and when they were allowed to be used during the school day. <br />Every teacher was able to find a way to work within the school policy to include cell phones in their teaching. Most teachers who wanted to use the cell phones during the school day were able to approach the administration and figure out an appropriate management system so that they could use the student school phones. <br />Middle school reading teacher Tim Chase set up a management system (approved by his administration) that when students were using their cell phones to take pictures for their class project during the school day, they wore “assignment" badges.”<br />
    105. 105. Discipline Issues?<br />All but one of the teachers claimed that they did not have any discipline problems when using the student cell phones. <br />Many of the teachers said that using the cell phones for learning actually cut down on discipline problems in school related to cell phone use. <br />
    106. 106. Engagement?<br />Just about every teacher reported that motivation and engagement in the class activities increased when they were using the cell phones. <br />Katie Titler, a Spanish teacher in Wisconsin, found that many of her students went from being worried or disengaged in oral language activities to excited about oral language as a result of using their cell phones to record oral quizzes. <br />Allison Riccardi, a Spanish teacher from Michigan, found that she, “was amazed at how having them text sentences in Spanish really drew them not only into the activity, but also really helped them to understand the grammar behind what they were saying.”<br />Interview with Katie Titler<br />
    107. 107. Students without cell phones?<br />There were a couple of teachers who did worried about doing cell phone based activities when not every student owned a cell phone. However they all found that, in the end, there were plenty of ways to manage the issue. <br />The most popular work-around was for teachers to group or pair students up so that there was one cell phone per group. In some cases, teachers simply selected a project where the students had an alternative to the cell phone. <br />Jimbo Lamb, a math teacher from Pennsylvania, used a resource to record audio files with a toll-free calling number so that his math students could call-in with their cell phones or a landline.<br />Interview with Jimbo Lamb<br />
    108. 108. Parents?<br />None of the teachers reported problems with parents being upset that their children were using their cell phones for learning. As a matter of fact, some of the teachers received thank you notes from appreciative parents who were thrilled that their children were learning how to use their cell phones appropriately and in an educative way. <br />Paul Wood, technology coordinator in Texas claimed, “I received no negative comments and four positive comments as well as some thank you's.”<br />Interview with Paul Wood<br />
    109. 109. Improved learning?<br />In some cases, teachers mentioned that they were surprised how quickly the students began to get actively involved in the lesson planning process, and not just being passive students regurgitating information. These teachers found that once they allowed their students to use cell phones in instruction, the students began to suggest learning activities that they could do with their cell phones. <br />Judy Pederson, an English teacher in California, said “At first, being able to use their cell phones was instantly ‘cool,’ and grabbed students' attention. After a while, it became a very convenient tool and students began generating their own ideas for how to use the phones for projects.” <br />Interview with Judy Pederson<br />
    110. 110. Using Cell Phones for Student Management or Communication?<br />Many of the teachers also set up office hours via cell phone (some via Twitter), where their students could text message or call them during designated evening hours.<br />Larry Liu, an English teacher from Michigan, expanded his cell phone Facebook activity so that he was able to use Facebook to communicate homework help and answer questions from his students. <br />He found that since most of his students already were on Facebook and their cell phones most often, it was easier to communicate with them via their favorite devices rather than more traditional methods such as landlines or even email. <br />Interview with Larry Liu<br />