HEALTH, SAFETY, AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANUAL
C & C Technologies, Inc.
730 E. Kaliste Saloom Road
Lafayette, LA 70508
Copy Number :__________________________
Date Of Issue: ___________________________
Custodian: HSE Manager
Re-formatted Manual – Added
Audit & Review, Firearms, Office
Security, Small Boat Launching,
Added Sections on – Management
Commitment, Goals & Objectives,
Legislation & Industry Compliance,
Audit & Review, Emergency
Response, Risk Management,
Document Control, Incident
Investigation & Small Boat
Operations, Bomb Threat
Model Project HSE Plan & Model
Project Emergency Response Plan
Latest Revision Approved By
Thomas Chance – President
Evaluation & Risk Management
Safety Meetings, Training & Drills
Job Safety Analysis Documentation
Planning & Implementation
Personal Protective Equipment
Personnel Safe Work Procedures
Fall Protection Program
Offshore Travel & Work Orientation
Personal Flotation Devices
Emergency Escape Vessels & Flotation Equipment
Driving & Vehicle Operation
Permit To Work System
Lock-Out / Tag-Out System
Hazard Communication Program
Respiratory Protection Program
Hearing Conservation Program
Management of Change
Behavioral Based Safety Program
General Safety Procedures
Emergency Response Procedure (EMOT)
Emergency Action Plan
Small Boat Operations
All Terrain Vehicle (ATV) Policy
Vessel Intruder Security
Implementation & Monitoring
Accident Reporting Procedures
Supervisors Accident Investigation Report
First Aid Program
Audit & Review
Model Emergency Response Plan - Sample
Model Site Specific HSE Plan – Sample
Emergency Response Data Sheet
Accident/Injury Report Form
Confined Space Entry Permit Form
Hot Work Permit Form
MSDS Data Sheets
Specialized Safety Report Forms
To be a Growing Company
Earning Clients for Life
Utilizing Technology to our Clients’
Doing It Right
Being a Great Place to Work
Thomas Chance, President
Health & Safety Policy Statement
It is the policy of C & C Technologies, Inc. to meet its safety and health responsibilities and
to continually strive to maintain a safe working environment at each location where work
activities are occurring. C & C Technologies, Inc. Senior Management is committed to
providing a safe and healthy working environment for all employees.
The goal of the safety and health process is the prevention of accidents and injuries, the
preservation of equipment and capital, and the achievement of safe working practices. In
order to accomplish these goals, it is C & C Technologies, Inc. to:
Avoid accidents that result in injury to employees, interruption of production, or
damage to equipment or property.
Take all action necessary in engineering, planning, designing, assigning,
supervising, and performing work operations that establish and maintain a safe and
healthy working environment.
C & C Technologies, Inc. procedures and directives are designed to be an integral part of
the development of sit-sensitive safety processes. It is the responsibility of each C & C
Technologies, Inc. managers, supervisors and employees to effectively implement these
These safety procedures shall be considered as minimum guidelines. There will be times
when the requirements can and must be exceeded. Management provides employees with
the authority to carry out the assigned task and holds the employee accountable for
successfully completing the task safely. Employees shall be expected to perform their
jobs, as they were trained and according to established law, company rules, procedures,
etc. Management shall not tolerate employees who are unwilling to conform to policies and
procedures established by the C & C Technologies, Inc. and/or regulations set forth by the
various government agencies.
Remember, it is a C & C policy that requires anyone to prevent work from starting or stop
any work where adequate controls of HSE risks are found not to be in place.
1. Leadership & Commitment
Visible management commitment to HSE is considered the most important element of the
HSEMS. Without the initiative and continued support of top management, the HSEMS will
not be successful. Within C & C Technologies, HSE management is an essential part of
each manager's daily responsibilities.
Senior management's commitment is demonstrated through visible leadership, which
translates into providing the resources needed to develop, operate, and maintain the
HSEMS and to attain our HSE policy and strategic objectives. Commitment is
demonstrated by ensuring that full account is taken of the HSE policy requirements and
that necessary support is provided to protect the health and safety of our employees and
the environment. This commitment is based on:
Belief in C & C’s desire to improve HSE performance.
The high priority that is placed on HSE performance when planning and
Motivation to improve personal HSE performance by making it clear that
working safely is a condition of employment and this is as significant as other
Acceptance of individual responsibility and accountability for HSE performance.
Participation and involvement at all levels of HSEMS development.
Promoting HSE in company publications and including HSE issues on the
agendas of staff and management meetings, and
Requiring subcontractors to comply with C & C's HSE requirements and
expecting them to be involved in similar HSE directives within their companies.
C & C Technologies and its subcontractors will ensure that:
All personnel can carry out their designated tasks with full knowledge of the
risks involved and the proper methods for controlling them in accordance with
industry standards and to C & C’s satisfaction.
There is a system in place for creating and maintaining a positive HSE culture
within their organization and that HSE awareness is given a high priority, and
All accidents are reported promptly and are investigated in a timely manner
followed by recommendations to prevent further accidents/incidents.
Goals & Objectives
Goals and objectives identify the activities that are needed to achieve effective risk
management and develop and maintain HSE policies, performance standards, and
hazard controls. Corporate HSE goals are set annually. Each division and crew
should set goals and objectives that are specific to their operation.
Current conditions and standards on the crew need to be assessed to determine HSE
goals and objectives. Goals and objectives should be specific, measurable, attainable
targets. They should include estimates of time to completion.
Everyone who is involved in setting the goals must believe that t e goals and time
estimates are realistic. If the goal or objective is not reached within the scheduled time,
the crew should determine why the objective was not met.
Activity-related goals may include, but are not limited to:
Ensuring that all employees, whether new or transferred, subcontractors, clients, or
visitors, receive an HSE orientation.
Conducting a set number of self audits and inspections that focus on health,
safety, and environmental issues.
Ensuring that accident investigations and follow-up are completed by line
Establishing contingency plans and conducting drills as if there were an
Scheduling set numbers of personnel to receive HSE training.
Establishing safety promotion activities such as Safe Crew, Employee of the
Month, Safety Suggestion, or Best Driver programs.
Reducing the amount of waste generated by the crew by recycling or
Implement area-specific policies and monitor their effectiveness.
Reduce occupational illness.
Minimize environmental impact.
Continued and/or increased HSE awareness in employees and others.
Departmental, safety committee, and tailgate meetings.
Emergency drills and exercises.
Legislation & Industry Compliance
C & C Technologies will comply with all relevant local, state and Federal regulations.
Business activities are covered primarily by the following regulations:
OSHA (Code of Federal Regulations).
United States Coast Guard.
Environmental Protection Act.
Minerals Management Service.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
Environmental Protection Act.
International Maritime Organization (IMO).
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).
U.S. Department of Transportation.
The Company considers the following recognized associations’ regulations, guidelines and
additional materials relevant to the Company’s operations:
International Association of Geophysical Contractors (IAGC).
Offshore Marine Services Association (OMSA).
American Petroleum Institute (API).
Petroleum Education Council (PEC).
International Maritime Organization (IMO).
American National Standards Institute (ANSI).
International Maritime Organization (IMO).
International Association Of Oil &Gas Producers (OGP)
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers HSE Manual (EM 385-1)
The Company will comply with relevant applicable international and foreign shipping
regulations while engaged in overseas operations. All chartered vessels will also be
required to adhere to these regulations in conjunction with the Company HSEMS.
POLICIES AND STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES
Health, Safety and Environmental Policy
The welfare of all personnel working on C & C Technologies Inc. (C & C) premises,
including our employees as well as employees of our contractors and their subcontractors,
is of strong interest to us. Accordingly, it is important that each individual recognize certain
rules when doing his/her job. These rules are basic and general in nature and cannot
cover every possible working condition. Therefore, the cooperation of each person is a
necessity so that operating procedures and work methods do not expose you or your coworkers to injury. Remember, safety is a team effort in which each individual must share to
eliminate or reduce the risk of loss or damage to personnel or property. Good judgment
and common sense are required to supplement any rules. If you have any doubt at any
time, consult your supervisor. Report all accidents, injuries and near misses as soon as
possible to your supervisor.
Health, Safety and Environmental Policy and Commitment
In the management of our activities, C & C Technologies is committed to the
Pursue the goal of no harm to people
Protect the environment
Manage HSE matters as any other critical business activity
Promote a culture in which all C & C employees share this commitment
Promote the well-being of employees as an essential part of business
C & C HSE policy requires everyone to stop any work, or prevent work from starting,
where adequate controls of HSE risks are found not to be in place.
Environmental Policy Statement
C & C Technologies is committed to protecting our natural environment and resources in all
areas where we conduct business. Implementation of this policy is a primary management
objective and is the responsibility of every employee.
It is C & C Technologies, Inc. policy to comply with all applicable environmental laws and
regulations and cooperate with all local, state and federal agencies in their inspection and
Incorporate environmental considerations in the Company’s planning and operational
Develop and communicate environmental objectives throughout the Company so that all
employees understand their individual responsibilities and are properly trained in carrying
out these objectives.
Manage operations in a responsible manner and respond effectively to avoid and/or
mitigate adverse environmental impacts associated with operations.
Conduct periodic assessments of operations to evaluate, measure and assure
environmental performance and compliance.
Participate in the formulation of prudent and responsible environmental laws and
regulations that may impact our business and foster a constructive working relationship
with environmental organizations and agencies.
Promote and encourage energy efficiency and environmental protection through new and
Commit the resources needed to implement these principles.
Senior management is committed to the implementation of these principles.
Drug & Alcohol Policy
SCOPE: All persons employed by C & C or affiliated companies are subject to the terms
and conditions of this policy.
For the safety of our employees and our customers, C & C prohibits the use, possession,
being under the influence or distribution of illegal drugs, alcohol, other intoxicants, firearms,
or contraband, when reporting t work, while at work, while on company premises, in
company vehicles or vessels, or on customer or third party property, vessels or vehicles. C
& C and its customers have the right to test for the presence of drugs and/or alcohol in our
This policy does not bar the moderate use of alcohol at company-sponsored functions
approved by the president of C & C.
The laws of many foreign countries in which C & C operates have extremely severe drug
laws, which include the death penalty for some drug violations. It is understood that if you
and/or your family violate any of the foreign country's drug laws, C & C, your embassy,
high commission or counsel are virtually powerless to come to your aid.
The primary purpose of this policy is to promote the safety and well being of all employees.
It would be inconsistent to promote a strong safety effort while allowing the use of drugs
and/or alcohol or the possession of firearms to undermine the safe and effective
performance of employees on the job.
As a maritime and pipeline contractor, the company will comply with the United States
Department of Transportation requirements of 46 CFR, Part 16 and 49 CFR, Part 40 for all
vessel personnel (DOT). The provisions of Texas R.S., 49:100, Parts I through III, shall
apply to non-maritime employees (non-DOT). All collections shall be conducted in
accordance with 49 CFR, Part 40.
Note: The entire Drug and Alcohol program is available for review in the HR
Department or Safety Department.
C & C Technologies, Inc. is committed to providing a place to work in an environment free
of sexual and racial harassment. Where sexual or racial harassment is found to have
occurred, C & C will act to stop the harassment, to prevent its recurrence, and to discipline
those responsible in accordance with C & C’s disciplinary policies.
No employee in the workplace should be subject to unwelcome verbal or physical conduct
that is sexual or racial in nature.
Sexual harassment does not refer to occasional compliments of a socially acceptable
nature. It refers to behavior of a sexual nature that is not welcome, that is personally
offensive, and that interferes with performance.
It is expected that all C & C personnel will treat one another with respect.
Facial Hair Policy
Employees engaged in activities that may necessitate the use of a respirator must be
clean-shaven on the area of the face where a mask seal is affected. A positive seal cannot
be accomplished if more than one day’s growth of facial hair is present in the seal area.
Subsequently, employees must adjust their personal grooming practices to conform to this
This policy is necessary to protect the safety and health of all C & C employees in
compliance with OSHA 29 CFT 1910.134 - Respiratory Protection, Sec. 93), subpart (i):
Respirators shall not be worn where conditions prevent a good face seal. Such conditions
may be a growth of a beard, side burns, or skull cap that projects under the face-piece, or
temple pieces on glasses.
This policy is applicable to all C & C employees and subcontractors.
Short Service Employee Policy
It is the policy of C& C to train and manage new employees (short service employees) in a
manner to minimize their possibility of injury during the most critical first six months of
employment with the company. A mentor will be assigned to each short service employee.
The mentor will ensure that the short service employee is aware of all safety requirements.
The mentor will also serve as an on the job trainer to ensure that the employee learns the
proper job skills and techniques. The mentor will monitor the short service employee’s
performance to ensure that products and services are up to C & C Technologies quality
C & C will comply with our customer’s SSE policy and provide notification of use or
other requirements of the customer to fulfill our responsibility to them.
In recognition of the responsibility to protect employees from the hazards that exist when
smoking is freely permitted, C & C Technologies has implemented a ban on smoking in
certain environments. Smoking is permitted in designated areas and on designated
equipment only. All employees of C & C Technologies, contract personnel, and visitors to C
& C Technologies worksites must comply with this policy.
Office Security Policy
Access to Company offices by persons who are not full time employees of Company will be
controlled. All visitors will be required to sign in on arrival & out on departure.
Any employee seeing an unknown person will establish their identity and whom they are
If a bomb threat is received, follow this procedure:
Stay calm- it may be a prank, but there is always the possibility that it is the real thing.
Try to ascertain:
When will it go off
Where it is located
Write down exactly what was said.
Personnel such as receptionists and administrators should keep a copy of the bomb threat
checklist close at hand. When the caller hangs up, take a very brief moment to complete
the checklist and call Security at XXXX and explain what happened.
The Security person in charge will contact the City oh Lafayette bomb division and report
the incident and request assistance. Bomb threat evacuation procedures will be initiated.
In general, the possession or carrying of firearms on company premises is prohibited at all
times. For purposes of this section, company premises includes not only company-owned
or leased property, vessels, and vehicles, but also field camps, installations, and work
areas on company premises.
Some states and localities have laws that authorize carrying concealed firearms by
properly permitted or licensed individuals. C & C Technologies policy takes precedence in
such cases. That is, possessing or carrying firearms on company premises is prohibited.
This prohibition does not apply to law enforcement officers or security guards who are duly
authorized by the company.
The discipline statement below is quoted from C & C Technologies Policy and Procedures
Manual. This discipline applies to HSE as well as all C & C policies and procedures. The
HSE Manager, Department Managers, Project Managers and Party Chiefs are responsible
for the enforcement of the disciplinary program. Supervisors identified, as showing an
overall lack of commitment to C & C HSE goals by a physical HSE inspection shall be held
to the same level of disciplinary actions listed below.
The following examples of unacceptable behavior that result in safety violations:
• Not following verbal or written safety procedures or guidelines
• Abuse of safety equipment
• Failure to use proper Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
• Horse play
C & C can only be as good as its employees. C & C expects the highest business and
ethical conduct from you. It is impossible to define all the actions that may or may not
comprise this level of conduct. Over time, the “dos” and “don’ts” are spelled out in verbal
communications, memos or policy statements. Violations, depending on the severity, must
be handled in one, if not more of the following manners:
• Oral or Written Warning
• Reduction in Pay
• Suspension Without Pay
• Disciplinary Demotion
Audit & Review Policy
C & C considers audits and performance reviews essential parts of the HSE management
system. A wide range of personnel is involved in the audit/review process, which
encompasses all field operations and facilities.
This policy describes C & C’s internal HSE auditing process. It is a guide for those who will
conduct audits and submit reports. All audits should be constructive and supportive. Audits
help improve the HSE management system by:
Assessing HSE policies and improving the control of specific hazards;
Obtaining information on the validity and reliability of HSE controls;
Assessing the achievement of specific HSE objectives;
Ensuring that the appropriate remedial action is taken to deal with specific
issues and that progress in implementing remedial action is followed through
according to plan;
Measuring the current process against predetermined standards and goals.
Note the following types of audits:
Internal company audits
Cross-auditing between crews, areas, facilities, or disciplines
C & C audits of subcontractor vessels, operations, Safety Management System,
facilities, or policies
For the audit process to be successful, follow-up audits must be conducted in a timely
Area management will schedule internal company audits so that all participants can commit
time and resources. Each crew will undergo internal company audits at least every 12
months, with follow-up audits every 6 months. Area, country, self, and cross audits should
be conducted on a regular basis.
Composition of the Audit Team
To maximize the internal audit process, audit teams are recommended. Local and crew
management and HSE personnel should comprise the teams. The audit team should meet
with local management before the audit is conducted to structure and organize the audit.
After the audit is complete, the audit team should meet with local management to discuss
the results and follow-up procedures.
The audit team should include people who have been trained in auditing. The work should
be equally divided among team members.
The recommended action items are presented to crew management before the audit team
leaves. The final report should be produced and distributed promptly. The report should
specify why action items are listed and structured to facilitate follow-up.
A table of action items is created that clearly identifies the recommendations, action items,
and the responsible parties, target date for completion, and current status. Appoint a
coordinator to monitor and record progress on the action taken.
An essential element of the auditing process is the follow-up. The follow up is an audit of
the response to the original audit. This should be conducted by at least one of the original
team members accompanied by local management.
Self-audits are an effective way to monitor HSE performance. Self-audits should be part of
each crew’s HSE program. Crewmembers should conduct crew self-audits on a regular
basis. Various formats are available to document these audits. Crew self-audits can be
Unsafe act auditing
Substandard procedure auditing
All crews should participate in crew self-audits. Audits can be scheduled and reviewed by
the HSE committee and discussed at crew safety meetings.
Divisional HSE Reviews
Each of C & C’s divisions will review the HSEMS to ensure its continuing suitability,
adequacy, and effectiveness. These are formal management reviews set at intervals
determined by the division. The divisional vice-presidents are responsible for holding the
formal reviews. Senior line management is responsible for participating in the review and
acting on the results.
Senior line management will prepare (or request others to prepare) information and
summaries to be presented and discussed. The formal management reviews will examine
HSE performance and HSE program effectiveness, continuing suitability of overall HSEMS,
especially against the published company HSE policies and objectives.
Summary reviews and analyses of the following items typically will form the basis for the
HSE performance statistics - current year versus the previous two years.
Occupational illness and injury trends
HSE audit findings and follow-up status
HSE training and staff development
Results of accident investigations to ensure that corrective actions have been
taken to prevent recurrence
HSE performance versus stated company and division goals and objectives
HSE objectives for the forthcoming period.
Senior Management HSE Review
The President and Senior Management of C & C Technologies will review HSE
performance each year. This review will highlight performance in the past year through
measurable indicators so that HSE performance can be assessed and targets and
objectives can be set for the next year. The reviews are written and distributed to the
appropriate vice-presidents and managers.
The reviews focus on divisional HSE performance, divisional HSE goals and objectives,
accident statistics and trend analyses, individual crew HSE performance and accident
frequency rates, areas needing improvement and management attention, and HSE goals
and objectives for the next year.
Small Boat Launching Policy
Under no circumstances will a work-boat be launched to conduct routine work-boat
activities unless another suitable vessel is on standby status for use as a safety vessel.
This vessel may be a Fast Rescue Craft (FRC) or a chase boat. If the vessel is an FRC,
then it must be fully manned by its assigned crew, ready for immediate launching. In this
circumstance, the high-speed rescue craft must be deployed into the water and be away
from the ship in less than five (5) minutes.
High-speed rescue craft must comply with SOLAS 1974, Chapter 3, Section V, Regulation
47, subsections 3.3 through 3.10, inclusive.
Lifeboats are specifically excluded from assignment as routine, standby rescue boats.
In an emergency situation, at the discretion of the Master, the work-boat may be launched
without the above safeguards in place.
Management Of Sub-Contractors Policy
The purpose of this policy is to provide guidance on HSE requirements to sub-contractors.
Sub-contractors who work on C & C’s property or under C & C’s prevailing influence must
conduct their activities in a manner that is consistent with safe, healthy and environmentally
friendly operating practices and in accordance with all the applicable health, safety and
environmental rules and regulations.
This policy applies to all sub-contractors who are expected to perform work or provide
services for C & C.
The HSE program and record of sub-contractors will be considered by C & C during the
selection process. At C & C’s request, subcontractors may be required to provide their
current HSE incident rates and/or such other information as determined by C & C to be
necessary or desirable to judge their prior safety performance.
It is the primary responsibility of each sub-contractor to provide a safe and healthy
workplace for their employees. All sub-contractors must perform their work in accordance
with all applicable local and national governmental regulations, as well as with the HSE
policies and procedures of C & C or C & C’s clients.
All sub-contractors will provide their employees with appropriate medical examinations,
personal protective equipment (PPE), and necessary HSE training before beginning work.
All sub-contractors are responsible for ensuring that their equipment is in proper working
condition and that any unsafe conditions will be corrected as soon as possible.
All sub-contractors will conduct safety meetings for their employees or have their
employees attend C & C safety meetings, as well as monitor their work activities to help
ensure safe working practices and conditions. The sub-contractor must document each
safety meeting, stating the time, place, and subject discussed, and include each
All sub-contractors will notify a C & C supervisor immediately about all accidents
involving their employees on C & C’s property or under C & C’s prevailing influence.
All sub-contractors will comply with C & C’s Alcohol and Drug Policy when performing work
for C & C or its clients.
All sub-contractors must comply with C & C’s Policy for Sub-contractors and communicate
it to their employees.
C & C reserves the right to audit/inspect the sub-contractors’ HSE program,
equipment, and operations before and during performance of the work.
Local C & C management is responsible for implementing this policy at each of its facilities.
If a sub-contractor violates this policy, then the sub-contractor will take prompt
action to correct such violation to the satisfaction of C & C management.
Violation of C & C’s Policy for Sub-contractors, or any applicable policy of a C & C
client, or any applicable government law or regulation may be cause for immediate
removal and revocation of access by the offending person to any C & C or client
ORGANIZAT ION & RESPONSIBILITIES
This section defines the overall organization that will be utilized in the company and the
roles and responsibilities of the people involved. Detailed roles and responsibilities for
control mechanisms and safety initiatives are included in later sections, when applicable.
The President shall be responsible for all business undertaken and entered into by C & C
and for the formulation, promulgation, and enforcement of C & C Safety Policy.
The VP/General Manager (Jeff Sides) shall have oversight responsibility for all operations
activities; including Project Management, Asset Management, Engineering, Procurement,
Marketing/Sales, and Operations. Contact Number +1 (337)-261-0660 Main Office
The Project M
anagers shall be ultimately responsible for the projects their people are
involved with and will oversee the activities of the key personnel listed hereafter.
Contact Number 337-261-0660 Main Office.
The Project Managers responsibilities include but are no limited to:
Ensuring that all work activities, whether onshore or offshore, are undertaken in a
healthy and safe working environment
Administering the Services Contracts undertaken by C & C and ensuring that the
services being provided meet the requirements of the contract
Reviewing manning levels and ensuring that suitably qualified personnel are
available for employment at the various worksites
Maintaining C & C standards in the operation and maintenance of the systems in
Administration of the Contract, including but not limited to, Planning, Scheduling,
Cost Control, and Personnel Administration
Maintaining reporting, liaisons, and communications to and from the Client
Ensuring the smooth operation of the Service Contract
The Party Chief, Shop Foreman, Office Department Managers shall be responsible
Being good role models
Actively participating in safety plan activities
Ensuring the safety of personnel under their supervision
Continually reinforcing desirable behaviors
Providing constructive feedback as needed
Championing policies, procedures, and processes
Ensuring competence of personnel under their supervision
Equally emphasizing safety, productivity, and quality
Ensuring that jobs are pre-planned with safety as a priority
Enhancing workforce morale
Identifying and correcting unsafe behavior and conditions
Being safety resources and informal trainers
Knowing the abilities and limitations of their personnel
The Survey Crew shall be responsible for:
Being good role models to fellow co-workers
Actively participating in safety plan activities
Looking after their own safety and the safety of fellow co-workers
Continually providing feedback to supervisors and management
Evaluating their own competence
Pre-planning jobs and tasks with safety as a priority
Identifying and correcting unsafe behaviors and conditions
Reporting all injuries and near misses
Knowing their fellow co-workers abilities and limitations
Using the appropriate safety equipment
Complying with Project and C & C policies and procedures
Asking questions when in doubt
C & C Safety Department shall be responsible for:
Providing off-site technical support and guidance
Providing regulatory interpretations
Supporting assessment and evaluation processes
Each employee, including contractors, shall be individually responsible for complying with
the rules contained in this manual and with all applicable federal, state a local laws,
regulations, rules and ordinances.
Employee must read, be thoroughly familiar with, and understand the contents of this
handbook. You will be required to sign the back page of the manual and keep the
handbook for future reference and documentation.
Each employee shall be responsible for following safe procedures for the work being
performed, conducting operations safely and reporting any unsafe conditions or practices
immediately to his supervisor.
Every employee shall assist new employees in performing their work in accordance with
safe work procedures.
Each employee shall immediately report to his supervisor any injury, regardless of the
nature of the injury.
C & C Organizational Chart
VP/ General Manager
Party Chief Office Supervisors
Field and Office Personnel
= Direct Project Authority
= Safety Communications/Interface Coordination
3.3 Document Control
The C & C Technologies Safety Management System (SMS) is the documented procedure
for all activities that relate to the safety of the individual, the vessel, and property, and
protection of the environment. Document control verifies compliance with the Company’s
stated objectives and/or statutory regulations.
The purpose of this procedure is to describe the generation and control of documentation
within C & C Technologies.
This procedure shall apply to the generation and control of all internal C & C documents
generated from the date of issue of this procedure.
A sheet of statements, a procedure, a work instruction, or a standard form developed for use
within the Company.
A document detailing the purpose and scope of an activity and specifying by whom
and what is to be performed
A series of actions that produces a particular service or product.
A document giving step-by-step instructions of how a task shall be performed.
The smallest part of a document which can be updated without affecting the rest of
Person responsible for holding the Master copy of the document, for its update and
A collection of documents.
e. Manual Holder
Position issued with a controlled copy of a manual.
a) The Line manager initiating documents and revisions is responsible for ensuring
adequate review and comments, final approval and implementation.
b) It is the responsibility of the authors to ensure that the correct format is adhered
to; the HSE Manager shall not accept procedures and work instructions
produced in incorrect formats for inclusion in the manual.
c) It is the responsibility of the HSE Manager to maintain a master list of document
numbers in use, and their revision status.
d) The HSE Manager shall be responsible for the distribution of revised documents
for review and approval and for document release and distribution.
e) The Project Manager and Party Chief are responsible for ensuring that only
current documents are contained in the manual being used on their project.
Obsolete documents must be removed and destroyed.
Identification and authorization
Once the need for a new document or a revision to an existing document has been identified,
the HSE Manager will authorize production of a new or modified document. The HSE
Manager shall be responsible for having the revised or new document produced and
Manuals shall be published for each project recorded on CD-ROM and in hard
copy if required. Manuals shall be sent to the field crew with an
acknowledgement form. The Party Chief will sign this form acknowledging
receipt of the CD-ROM and/or manual and return it to the HSE Manager. The
HSE Manager will be responsible for tracking and filing these forms.
The cover page to show manual title, “CONTROLLED COPY”, copy number,
manual holder and date of issue
The manual shall be laid out in the following manner:
• Cover page
• Page 1 - Manual Title, manual number, custodian, revision history,
• Page 2 - Distribution list
Development and Approval
a) New documents shall be prepared to the standard style and format, and a draft
version distributed for comment.
b) Existing documents shall be modified to the standard style and format when
being revised and a draft version distributed for comment.
c) A vertical red bar in the left margin of the hard copy shall identify modifications
to existing documents. The bar can be located in front of a text line (single line
update), or a title (full article, subsection or section updated)
a) Revision identification shall always be 2 characters starting at 00 and shall be
visible in the document history table.
a) Documents shall not be distributed until final review and approval has taken
b) Distribution of documents is the responsibility of the HSE Manager.
a) Manuals shall only contain current documents, and the `Contents’ page shall
accurately define the contents of the manual.
b) All obsolete copies of documents shall be removed from the manual by the
manual holder and be destroyed.
In exceptional circumstances, when a specific obsolete document is retained for
reference purposes, it shall be clearly marked `OBSOLETE’.
4. EVALUATION & RISK MANAGEMENT
Risk is present in all aspects of society. Risk is defined as "the product of chance that a
specified undesired e
vent will occur and the severity of the consequence of the event"
(OGP, July 1994). In other words,
Risk = Level of Exposure X Severity of Consequences.
For example, the level of exposure (probability) for irreversible impact to an endangered
species habitat as a result of a geophysical survey may be low; however, the severity of
the consequences would be very high. In this case, the company would need to design the
project to reduce the probability of impact to near zero, or reject the project.
Risk management is at the base of C & C's management structure and processes.
Management of risk is integrated into all facets of our business, including:
HSE procedures and training,
HSE modules, and
Applicable government regulations.
All of these are part of the process used to manage inherent risk. In today's economy, a
company without an effective risk management process will not be successful.
C & C's six-step risk identification and assessment process is as follows:
Step 1 - Identify the risks/hazards
Step 2 - Estimate risk severity and exposure (Risk Assessment)
Step 3 - Confirm assessment with HSE
Step 4 - Identify mitigation measures (Repeat Risk Assessment Process)
Step 5 - Compare risk potential with decision levels (Risk Assessment)
Step 6 - Implement risk reduction strategy.
Each step is described in detail in the following sections.
Action: Using the resources identified below, the Project Manager identifies key HSE risks
that may be posed by the operation
Identification of risk needs to start early in the project, preferably at the proposal stage,
then continue until the job is completed. By continually identifying and processing risk
throughout the project, HSE performance improves, encouraging the client to work again
with C & C.
Depending on the type and complexity of the project and the location (i.e., international
versus domestic), a number of sources can be used to identify potential risk:
Environmental Guidelines for World-Wide Geophysical Operations (IAGC)
Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA)
Generic Hazards Register for Geophysical Operations (OGP)
Job Safety Analyses (JSAs)
Land Geophysical Safety Manual (IAGC)
Marine Geophysical Safety Manual (IAGC)
Previous similar project experience.
The International Association of Geophysical Contractors' (IAGC) Environmental
Guidelines and Safety Manuals contain lists of common HSE risks encountered by seismic
surveys. Additionally, the American Petroleum Institute (API) and OGP offer information on
risk management. The World Bank Environmental Sourcebook, Vol. III, and OGP’s 1997
Environmental Management in Oil & Gas Exploration and Production contain lists of
environmental issues typically associated with on- and off-shore oil exploration.
Land and marine hazards and mitigation measures are available in EIAs. Client
companies typically conduct the studies. It is important that C & C's project manager
request EIAs for review during the proposal and project-planning stages.
JSAs and previous project experience are useful sources of information within C & C.
JSAs are an excellent way to build on the lessons learned from previous projects; they
often can be tailored to cover all HSE concerns.
The Internet is a source for risk information. The U.S. State Department publishes travel
warnings that should be referenced when evaluating a project for risk. The U.S. State
Department Travel Services website features a direct link to the Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention (CDC). The CDC website (www.cdc.gov) contains health
information for international travel, an important potential risk when considering an
In many cases, the client has identified key HSE risks and proposed risk management
measures through EIAs or other studies performed in advance of the survey. It is the
responsibility of C & C's operations manager to review these documents to ensure that all
of the key risks have been identified. If not, additional investigation may be warranted.
Action: The operations party chief/party manager categorizes key HSE risks involved
in the operation based on information gathered.
The following examples show how to quantify HSE risk so that project decisions can be
made consistently and without prejudice.
1 incident10 projects
Note that post mitigation classifications for all known project hazards have been posted.
One example of estimating risk severity and exposure would be conducting a highresolution geophysical survey in a congested production field without simultaneous
operations procedures in place. From Figure 1, because of high consequences and
significant probability, this example would rate as B-1 or C-1, depending on the level of
activity at the time of the survey. With simultaneous operations procedures in place this
would fall to an acceptable D-3.
Another example is the fact that the majority of field crews will have a first aid injury while
working on a project. By definition, first aid cases are low impact and the person quickly
recovers with no loss in productivity. From Figure 1, this rates as a C-4 because of high
probability and low impact.
It is more difficult to categorize environmental risk since it often is not understood as well,
nor is it as evident as a safety risk. Nonetheless, the same rules of severity and exposure
apply when ranking environmental risk. For example, C & C may be working in a nature
reserve or other environmentally sensitive area in which excessive clearance of vegetation
would threaten the already sensitive balance of valuable ecological resources. With the
controls in place to limit the likelihood and severity of impact, risk might be rated D
Without such controls, the risk probably would be rated C-2, since the likelihood and
severity of impact would increase. Similarly, spilling the contents of a barrel of diesel fuel
into a completely enclosed, impervious fuel storage containment structure would be rated
B-4 (moderate likelihood, but no actual consequence to the environment). Spilling the
contents of a barrel of diesel fuel into a small stream serving, as the water supply for a
nearby village would be rated B-2, a significantly higher consequence.
Minor injury or damage to health - first aid treatment.
Moderate injury or damage to health - medical treatment. Treatment required
by medical personnel, but injury does not restrict movement or ability to do the
Major injury or damage to health - extended treatment required. Injury results
in restricted duty or lost time with no permanent disability.
Severe injury or health effect - permanent disability or fatality.
Minor damage - no disruption of production.
Moderate damage - slight disruption of production. Damaged equipment
repairable on the crew with minimal time and money spent on repairs.
Major damage - major disruption of production. Damaged equipment must be
removed from service and major repairs made either on or off the crew.
Total loss - severe disruption of production, possibly permanent. Damaged
equipment must be removed from service.
Minor effect - no permanent impact to the environment. Immediate restoration
or full restoration possible in several weeks.
Localized effect - no permanent impact to the environment, but restoration
takes several months.
Major effect - large impact on the environment for the short term (less than 5
years) or small/local permanent impact for the long term (more than 5 years).
Massive effect - permanent impact (more than 5 years) on the environment on
a large scale.
Minor impact - little or no public awareness or concern.
Local impact - some local public concern. Some local media and/or political
attention with potentially adverse aspects for the company.
Regional/national impact - regional or national public concern. Extensive
adverse attention in the national media. Regional/national policies with
potentially restrictive measures and/or impact on grant of permits.
International impact - international public attention. Extensive adverse
attention in international media. National/international policies with potential
severe impact on access to new areas, grants of permits or licenses.
Action: The Project Manager sends his/her assessment of risk to the HSE Manager
The HSE Manager will review assessments and may ask for more information to clarify and
redefine the risk for mitigation and planning.
For example, a Project Manager may rate a risk as a D-4; after review, the HSE Manager
may rate the risk as a C-3. This correction may be warranted after considering additional
information on the ecological resources at risk. Similarly, the HSE Manager may rate the
exposure higher because similar resources on another job were impacted similarly with
Action: The Project Manager, in cooperation with the appropriate risk level authority
within C & C, identifies measures to mitigate key risk in the operation based
on the sources identified below.
Mitigation measures lower the potential risk(s) involved with a project. For example, C &
C's HSEMS is designed to lower the risk of injury to personnel. Site-specific environmental
management and/or HSE plans are applied to lower risks associated with a particular
project. For example, if a survey area contains a sensitive public water supply, then fuel
storage and refueling should not be done in the area. Similarly, if a project is being
conducted in an area that could contain hydrogen sulfide, then special personal protective
equipment (PPE) and training may be needed. These measures should be identified in the
environmental management or HSE plan. As noted in Step 1, C & C should review these
plans to ensure that key HSE risks and best practices have been identified and
For more information and lists of appropriate mitigation measures, refer to:
Project-specific environmental assessments (EAs) or an environmental
Project-specific HAZOP or HSE plan
IAGC, API, E&P Forum, and/or other industry/group HSE guidelines
The World Bank Sourcebook, Vol. III.
The appropriate authority will determine whether the mitigation measure is appropriate so
that the operation can proceed. For example, an C-3 risk might be lowered to an D-4 risk
by applying a different technique or acquiring a new piece of equipment; this would give the
authority sufficient justification to proceed with the project.
Action: The Project Manager, in cooperation with the appropriate risk level authority
within C & C, determines the appropriate risk management practice based
on guidance from the Risk Potential Matrix.
Figure 1 is the risk potential matrix with corresponding risk actions and authorities. These
authorities help determine whether the project is continued or cancelled. For example, a
risk rating of B-2 for a geophysical survey in a protected zone without proper operational
controls would be an unacceptable risk for the company. However, with proper operational
controls applied, the risk would fall to a more manageable C-4.
The level of management needed to approve a project with estimated risk is given in the
category box. The decision to proceed should be made after applying mitigation measures
to lower risk.
Action: The operations Party Chief ensures that the risk mitigation measures are
applied for each key HSE risk and that an overall risk reduction strategy is
implemented for all risks, according to guidelines given below. Line
management will audit periodically to ensure that these actions are being
The Project Manager will ensure that the approved risk reduction measures are
Mitigation measures typically are applied within normal operating
procedures. The risk identification and ranking exercises in the previous steps will help
ensure that these measures are applied. Line management is responsible for auditing
mitigation measures. Some measures may require follow-up. For example, a field crew is
required to wear PPE (a respirator with protective suit/gloves). This equipment is hot and
uncomfortable. A crew that is not used to wearing this level PPE may decide not to wear
all of it, which would increase the hazard and raise risk. It is management's responsibility
to audit (and follow-up) to ensure that the crew wears the appropriate PPE.
Management is responsible for conducting periodic operations audits and reviewing the
effectiveness of risk reduction measures as part of a project. Lessons learned from the
audits will be disseminated across the company.
Finally, risk reduction measures can be identified and implemented during any phase of a
project. All personnel are responsible for identifying potential risks; they must not b
satisfied until adequate answers are provided and/or appropriate mitigation measures are
taken. This shared responsibility creates an open atmosphere in which performance
continually improves and risk is reduced.
There is one more category of risk. It involves complying with international and countryspecific HSE regulations and guidelines.
Local management and area HSE
managers/supervisors will compile and keep current any special requirements that are not
covered by company procedures. Line management will not assume that country-specific
requirements have remained unchanged since the last job. Requirements change over
time, sometimes rapidly.
Pertinent regulatory requirements are described in the Environmental Impact Assessment
(EIA) or environmental review documents prepared by C & C’s clients. C & C employees
who are involved in the planning process should obtain up-to-date information on all
regulations that could affect the proposed prospect. Sources of this information include the
national petroleum ministry's environmental officers, the national environmental ministry,
nongovernmental organizations (NGO), and publications or websites from the U.S. State
Department, the United Nations Environment Program, and the World Bank.
In accordance with C & C's audit procedures, periodic HSE audits are performed to ensure
compliance with the applicable regulations, internal procedures, and good management
Safety Meetings, Training & Drills
Safety meetings are required to educate and train as part of the Safety Program. Employee
attendance at safety meetings is mandatory.
Job Safety Analysis meetings should be held at the commencement of all offshore
operations for all involved employees. In addition, Safety Meetings will be scheduled
frequently. The meetings should be well organized, and specific safety problems with
suggested solutions should be presented. Although the Supervisor and/or lead worker will
guide the safety meeting, there should be participation by each employee. Employee
participation is important to make sure everyone gets a complete understanding of the
subjects discussed. Some ideas for topics to discuss in the safety meetings along with the
scheduled Safety Topics are:
Particular sections of this Safety Program on specific
equipment or operating procedures.
Recent near-miss accidents.
Recent accidents, the causes, and corrective action that can
be taken to avoid accidents of this type in the future.
Employee safety suggestions.
Recent equipment and tool failures, which may have had
Recent company communications.
All items in the safety meeting must be documented. and reported on the safety meeting
form or a similar form. These reports, including a list of those attending, will provide
documented proof of reporting hazards and safety training.
It is the supervisor's responsibility to get each employee attending to sign the form. The
original copy of this report must be retained for five (5) years in permanent files at the
In addition to the formal safety meetings, the crew will hold a job safety analysis meeting
each job before the work starts. These meetings will keep safety on the minds of the crew
on a daily basis, and can be used to point out specific hazards that may be anticipated
during the upcoming job.
When on our customer's location, C & C employees will attend safety meetings held by our
customer or their subcontractors. Fire, abandonment and man overboard drills will be held
routinely aboard C & C vessels. The drill should be documented in the vessel's logbook.
Job Safety Analysis Documentation
C & C Technologies has developed a Job Safety Analysis Worksheet to assist you in job
safety review and the sharing of safety information for the job to be completed.
This Safety Meeting topic provides the Job Safety Analysis worksheet example as well as
an example of a completed worksheet for your review
The Job Safety Analysis worksheet is simple to use. It has the following major headings:
• Prepared By
• Job Analyzed
• Reviewed By
• Personnel Involved in Job
• Approved By
• Principle Job Steps
• Tools and Materials Used
• Potential Accidents or Hazards
• Safe Procedures and PPE
The boxes are self-explanatory for the most part.
As you begin the Job Safety Analysis PRINCIPLE JOB STEPS, it is suggested that you:
1. Number the job steps in the order that they will occur, and follow the job steps
horizontally across the page.
2. Use as much space as you need in each column to get down on paper all the
tools, materials, potential hazards, safe procedures and PPE that may be
needed to fully address the identified Principle Job Step.
Be sure to break down the job into the level of detail needed to examine as many of
the risk possibilities as you can determine.
When writing down the Principle Job Steps, be sure to make the discussion one in
which all members in the crew have an opportunity to speak. If the discussion is controlled
too tightly, then different perspectives about the job, job tasks, methods of performance
and safety may be overlooked.
SPEAK UP AND BE HEARD!
As a member of the production team, your perspective must be heard. Do not sit quietly if
you have suggestions about any topic on the JSA or during the JSA process.
The more complete the JSA is the better the opportunity for a safe and productive job to be
PLANNING & IMPLEMENTATION
Personal Protective Equipment
Personal protective equipment is provided for your protection. Failure to wear prescribed
equipment may result in personal injury to you or others. Remember that you are expected
to work in a safe manner, which includes wearing the proper personal protective
equipment. Employee cooperation is essential if personal protective equipment is to
provide the protection for which it is designed. Employees must maintain the provided PPE
in reliable and sanitary condition. Defective or damaged PPE shall not be used.
Supervisors/Party Chiefs/Boat Captains will conduct hazard assessments to determine if
there are hazards associated with the task to be performed that would require PPE. This
will be documented on a JSA, signed and dated. The reasons for selected PPE will be
discussed in pre-job/tailgate safety meetings and documented as such.
The Safety Manager/supervisor provides training for each employee who is required to use
personal protective equipment.
• When PPE is necessary
• What PPE is necessary
• How to properly don, doff, adjust and wear assigned PPE
• Limitations of PPE
• The proper care, maintenance, useful life, and disposal of assigned PPE
Employees must demonstrate an understanding of the training and the ability to use the
PPE properly before they are allowed to perform work requiring the use of the equipment.
Employees are prohibited from performing work without donning appropriate PPE to
protect them from the hazards they will encounter in the course of that work.
If the Safety Manager has reason to believe an employee does not have the understanding
or skill required, the employer must retrain. Since an employee's supervisor is in the best
position to observe any problems with PPE use by individual employees, the Safety
Manager will seek this person's input when making this determination. Circumstances
where retraining may be required include changes in the workplace or changes in the types
of PPE to be used, which would render previous training obsolete. Also, inadequacies in an
affected employee's knowledge or use of the assigned PPE, which indicates that the
employee has not retained the necessary understanding or skills, would require retraining.
Note: Employee owned PPE is not permitted.
Once any hazards have been identified and evaluated through hazard assessment, the
general procedure for selecting protective equipment is to:
Become familiar with the potential hazards and the type of protective equipment
(PPE) that are available, and what they can do.
Compare types of equipment to the hazards associated with the environment.
Select the PPE that ensures a level of protection greater than the minimum required
to protect employees from the hazards.
Fit the user with proper, comfortable, well fitting protection and instruct employees
on care and use of the PPE. It is very important that the users are aware of all
warning labels for and limitations of their PPE.
It is the responsibility of the Safety Manager to reassess the workplace hazard situation as
necessary, to identify and evaluate new equipment and processes, to review accident
records, and reevaluate the suitability of previously selected PPE. This reassessment will
take place as needed, but at least annually.
Elements that should be considered in the reassessment include:
Adequacy of PPE program
Accidents and illness experience
Levels of exposure (this implies appropriate exposure monitoring)
Adequacy of equipment selection
Number of person hours that workers wear various protective ensembles
Adequacy of training/fitting of PPE
Program cos ts
The adequacy of program records
Recommendation for program improvement and modification
Coordination with overall safety and health program
Life jackets or work vests Personnel Floatation Devices (PFD) must be worn by all
personnel during the over-water transfers between vessels and structures. A PFD shall be
worn by all personnel working on barges, vessels, on well jackets that do not have
handrails, on bottom walkways of platforms and decks when guard rails are not present on
all sides, and in other similar situations when there is exposure to falling into the water.
Safety shoes or boots with non-skid soles shall be worn at all times while working. As a
minimum, safety footwear shall be worn whenever you are outside the office or living
quarters. You are responsible for inspecting your safety shoes or boots to make sure they
are in good condition.
It is mandatory that all personnel wear a safety helmet whenever they are outside of the
living quarters or offices or when they are performing work inside the living quarters or
offices that presents a hazard to their head.
All safety helmets should be regularly inspected by the wearer for signs of deterioration,
damage, or wear.
(Earmuffs, plugs, etc.)
You shall use personal hearing protection devices in areas that have been designated
"High Noise Level Areas" and where "Hearing Protection Required" signs are posted.
Eye and/or Face Protection
Protective eye and face equipment will be required where there is a reasonable possibility
of injury that can be prevented by such equipment. Check with your supervisor to be sure
of eye protection requirements at your work location.
The minimum protective eyewear shall be safety spectacles with firmly secured side
All employees who normally wear corrective spectacles shall be required to wear either
industrial safety spectacles or coverall goggles over regular prescription spectacles if their
duties expose them to eye h
azards or if they are required to visit locations where eye
Safety glasses are not suitable for all operations; therefore, other eye/face protection
requirements may be required.
Anyone in the vicinity of operations requiring special eye/face protection (i.e., goggles, face
shields, etc.) shall wear equipment appropriate for the operations being performed.
C & C shall provide any eye/face protection including eye wash equipment as required.
Such protection equipment shall comply with the aforementioned requirements and shall
be worn in accordance with the items listed above.
Protective clothing shall be worn when handling chemicals, when such is specified by the
chemical's Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Shirt and trousers are considered as
protective clothing in preventing overexposure to the rays of the sun and in providing
significant protection from the heat of a flash fire or from a minor chemical splash. Loose,
floppy clothing and jewelry should not be worn around rotating/moving equipment due to
the danger of entanglement.
Respirator protection is required when working in areas subject to the potential release into
the atmosphere of chemicals such as hydrogen sulfide or chlorine and/or where galvanized
pipe welding, sandblasting, or asbestos insulation or removal is in progress. Respirator
protection may also be necessary for emergency evacuation and control of accidental
releases. When there is a chance personnel may be required to wear respirators,
beards/long sideburns will not be permitted. Under no circumstances should personnel be
permitted to enter equipment in which life support depends on the use of breathing
equipment. Equipment entry should always be planned to include purging to an
atmosphere that is not life threatening. Respirators may be worn inside equipment only as
an additional safety precaution or for emergency rescue. In an emergency evacuation,
respirators may be the only protection; therefore, proper hair length and your participation
in training drills are essential. See chapter 24, of this manual for specifics of C & C
Technologies’ Respiratory Protection Program.
Protective gloves shall be worn to protect against burns, sharp edges, hazardous
chemicals or similar exposure when handling material. You should not wear gloves around
machinery where there is a danger of entanglement or where the gloves may be pulled into
rotating or moving parts.
Personnel Safe Work Procedures
On-The-Job Safety Meetings
You are to attend formal on-the-job safety meetings for locations with two or more
employees. All employees are expected to attend and C & C will maintain a roster of all
who attend. If you work alone at a given location, you are required to attend the safety
meeting held by C & C or a major contractor in the area employed by C & C.
You are also to attend safety meetings for the work to be performed including informal
safety briefings, particularly, prior to undertaking any activity or perform any work, which is
unusual or not routine. Unless specifically instructed otherwise by a C & C representative,
all contract personnel will attend C & C safety meetings. It is required that all visitors be
invited to attend as well.
Before performing work at a C & C location that is unusual or that could cause a fire or
explosion, a "Fire and Safety Work Permit" from the proper C & C representative is
required. You shall be responsible to follow local C & C work permit procedures strictly.
You shall assure yourself that it is safe to proceed with assigned work prior to signing the
work permit as contractor's representative. If you believe that a hazard or danger has
developed or is developing, it is your duty to cease all operations, to secure them and to
report it to your supervisor.
Isolated Work Areas
If you work alone or in small groups in isolated areas, you shall frequently and regularly
"check in" with your supervisor and if possible, the client representative.
Fall Protection Program
C & C Technology is dedicated to the protection of its employees from on-the-job
injuries. All employees of C & C Technologies have the responsibility to work safely on
the job. The purpose of this plan is: (a) To supplement our standard safety policy by
providing safety standards specifically designed to cover fall protection on this job and;
(b) to ensure that each employee is trained and made aware of the safety provisions
which are to be implemented by this plan prior to the start of the project. It is a
mandatory requirement that C & C employees are to exercise 100 % tie-off at all
times while performing work at heights.
This plan is designed to enable employers and employees to recognize the fall hazards
on the job and to establish the procedures that are to be followed in order to prevent
falls to lower levels or through holes and openings in walking/working surfaces. Each
employee will be trained in these procedures and strictly adhere to them except when
doing so would expose the employee to a greater hazard. If, in the employee's opinion,
this is the case, the employee is to notify the supervisor of the concern and have the
concern addressed before proceeding.
It is the responsibility of the supervisor to implement this Fall Protection Plan. The
supervisor is responsible for continual observational safety checks of their work
operations and to enforce the safety policy and procedures. The supervisor also is
responsible to correct any unsafe acts or conditions immediately. It is the responsibility
of the employee to understand and adhere to the procedures of this plan and to follow
the instructions of the supervisor. It is also the responsibility of the employee to bring to
management's attention any unsafe or hazardous conditions or acts that may cause
injury to either themselves or any other employees. The HSE Manager must approve
any changes to this Fall Protection Plan.
Employees, who are required to work or be exposed to varied elevations, have a
potential for injury from falls.
C &C Technologies must ensure that a fall protection system is in place when
employees work at elevations greater than 6 feet (1.8 meters)
Each employee on a walking/working surface (horizontal and vertical surface) with an
unprotected side or edge which is 6 feet (1.8 m) or more above a lower level shall be
protected from falling by the use of guardrail systems, safety net systems, or personal
fall arrest systems...1926.501(b)(2). If a guardrail system is chosen to provide the fall
protection, and a controlled access zone has already been established for leading
edge work, the control line may be used in lieu of a guardrail along the edge that
parallels the leading edge. (b)(3)
Each employee required to climb masts on boats or do “high work” shall wear an approved
fall protection apparatus. The “buddy system” shall be used wherein an observer shall
monitor the climber or “high worker” to assist him and help assure that the job is being
Fall protection systems include (in order of priority):
1) guard rails
2) safety belts or full body harnesses with related equipment
3) horizontal life lines
Anchor: a secure point of attachment for lifelines or lanyards that is capable of withstanding
fall restraint - 800 lbs.
fall arrest - 5000 lbs.
Control zone: the area between an unguarded edge and a defined line that is
set back a safe distance.(Minimum 2 m or 6 1/2 ft)
Exceptional Hazard: an additional hazard over and above the normal hazard of falling to
the surface below, for example, falling onto a moving conveyor or onto protruding
Fall distance: the distance from the point where the worker would fall to the point where the
fall would be arrested. (maximum of 4 ft without a shock absorber, 6 1/2 ft with a shock
Fall arrest: stopping a fall that has occurred before the worker hits the surface below.
Fall Restraint: the use of a work positioning system to prevent workers from falling from the
position in which they are working or a travel restriction system to prevent workers from
traveling to an edge from which they may fall.
Free Fall: The distance from the point where the worker would begin to fall to the point
where the fall arrest system begins to cause deceleration of the fall.
Full body Harness: a configuration of connected straps to distribute a fall arresting force
over at least the thigh, shoulders and pelvis, with provisions for attaching a lanyard, lifeline
or other components.
Full Body Harness
Horizontal Lifeline :
a rail, wire rope or synthetic cable that is installed in a horizontal plane between two
anchors and used for attachment of a worker's lanyard or lifeline while permitting the
worker to move horizontally.
Fall restraint - ultimate load capacity of at least 800 lbs. per worker
Fall arrest - certified by a professional engineer
Lanyard: a flexible line of webbing, rope, or cable used to secure a safety belt or full body
harness to a lifeline or anchor.
Lifeline : a line from a fixed anchor or between two horizontal anchors and used for
attachment of a worker's lanyard, safety belt, full body harness or other device.
Personal Fall Protection System: a fall protection system, which uses a safety belt or full
body harness to secure each worker to an individual anchor by means of lanyards, vertical
lifelines, or other connecting equipment.
Safety Belt: a body support component comprised of a strap with a means for securing it
about the waist and for attaching it to other components. Used only for fall restraint
Shock absorber: a component whose primary function is to dissipate energy and limit
deceleration forces which are imposed on the body during fall arrest. With a shock
absorber in place a free fall of 6 1/2 feet is permitted in a fall arrest system.
Swing Fall Hazard: the hazard of swinging and colliding with an obstruction or the ground
following a fall by a worker connected to a lifeline at an angle to the anchor location.
Work Procedures: the prevention of fall injuries by the control zone or safety
monitor systems under this system or other systems established by an employer to
minimize the risks from not using a fall protection system.
Ensure employees working at C & C comply with fall protection instructions
Identify workplace fall hazards through job safety analysis.
Hold pre-job planning meetings to discuss the fall protection required.
Provide approved fall protection equipment for employees including: fall restraint and fall
Provide procedures for maintenance and inspection of fall protection equipment.
“Lanyards" available through Safety and Security)
Provide training in the use of fall restraint and fall arresting equipment.
Use workplace-specific job procedures provided when working in fall hazard locations.
Control or restrict access, or apply engineering controls, if necessary, when working below
or around others working overhead.
Understand the requirements and use of the Fall Protection System and fall restraint and
fall arrest equipment.
Understand the requirement for working on a leading or fixed edge. (see control Zones
section in this statement.)
Restraint protection is rigged to allow the movement of employees only as far as the sides
and edge of the walking/working surface. Temporary anchorage points used for fall
restraint must be engineered to be capable of supporting four times the intended load, with
a minimum strength requirement of 364 kg (800 lbs.).
Work within the confines of a perimeter (standard) guardrail.
Wear an approved safety belt or harness attached to securely rigged restraint lines where:
Safety belt and/or harness conform to all current industry standards
Rope-grab devices must be used in accordance with manufacturer's
recommendations and instructions.
Inspect fall restraint components before each use, for wear, damage and other
deterioration. Remove defective components from service when the component's
function or strength has been adversely affected fall restraint components must be
Tie restraint lines, independently of other lines, to the anchorage point.
Employees exposed to a free fall distance of 3 m (10ft) or more (without restraint)
must wear fall arresting equipment, using a full-body harness system.
Inspect components of the fall arrest system before each use for wear, damage and
other deterioration. Defective components are removed from service when the
components' function or strength has been adversely affected.
Fall arrest equipment must meet the minimum criteria:
Hardware used must be drop-forged, pressed or formed steel, with a
corrosion-resistant finish, with surfaces and edges smooth to prevent
damage to the attached body harness or lanyard;
Vertical life-lines must have a breaking strength specified by the
manufacture as 27 kN (6000lbs); termination knots or splices can not reduce
the strength of lifeline to less than 22 kN (5000lbs)
Horizontal life-lines must be 12 mm diameter wire rope with a manufactures
specified breaking strength of at least 89 kN (20000 pounds);
Increase the above forces by 25% if two workers are connected to the
same horizontal static line.
Lanyards must have a minimum tensile strength of 2449 kg (5400lb)
body harness components must be CSA-approved.
Secure full-body harness systems to anchorage points capable of supporting
2272 k (5000lbs.).
Protect safety lines and lanyards against cuts or abrasion.
Limit the free fall distance (through rigging) to a maximum of 1.2 m (4 ft)
without a shock absorber or 6 1/2 ft with a shock absorber.
Only one employee may be attached to any one vertical life-line.
Connect only one snap hook to any one D-ring.
Snap hooks must not be connected to one another.
* NOTE: The use of a Control Zone is prohibited on a surface where the slope
exceeds 4 vertical and 12 horizontal or for scaffold erection and removal.
A Control Zo ne is used for leading edge or fixed edge work where:
A minimum distance from the edge of 2 m (6.5 ft) is used to protect employees not wearing
fall arrest or fall restraint equipment.
*NOTE: The Control Zone should be expanded during adverse condition, (eg.
slippery roof) or when working at an additional elevation within the "Safe Zone" (eg.
on a step ladder)
Employees or working within the "control zone" must be using appropriate fall arrest or fall
If work is to be conducted inside the Control Zone warning lines must be installed to
identify the Control Zone. The lines must be highly visible and maintained at a
height of between 0.85 m and 1.15 m (34" and 45") at intervals not exceeding 1.8 m
Offshore Travel & Work Orientation
Over Water Operations
Personnel should receive a site-specific safety orientation, at their destination. If an
orientation is not given, personnel should read prominently posted information as it pertains
to: Emergency procedures, availability of life-saving equipment [personal flotation devices
(PFD's), survival craft, etc.], alarm systems, crafts attendant to facility (boats, helicopters).
Should any employee have any questions or does not understand any procedure,
operation or policy, they should ASK their supervisor.
All personnel, whether on-duty or off-duty, must wear required safety equipment when
entering the operating area of the facility. All personnel must be fully clothed at all times
Swimming from any facility for the purpose of recreation is prohibited.
A personal flotation device (PFD) must be approved, the correct type for the individual,
situation, and service and fastened when worn.
On manned and unmanned facilities, Type I PFD should be available for each person in
attendance or assigned on a regular basis.
There are other types of PFD available. Following is a list of approved types of PFD's:
Kapok or Fibrous glass must provide a minimum buoyant force of 25 pounds
(adult) or 16½ pounds (child).
Unicellular plastic foam must provide a minimum buoyancy force of 22
Pounds (adult) or 11 pounds (child).
This type is the most effective of all types in rough water.
Buoyant Vest or Buoyant
Kapok or Fibrous glass buoyant vest must provide a minimum buoyant force of
16 pounds (adult), 11 pounds (medium child) or 7¼ pounds (small child).
A Unicellular plastic foam or unicellular polyethylene foam buoyant vest or any other
buoyant device must provide a minimum buoyant force of 15½ (adult), 11 pounds
(medium child) or 7 pounds (small child). This type is normally sized for ease of
Buoyant Vest or
Buoyant Cushion or Ring
Minimum Buoyancy of not less than 16½ pounds for ring life buoys, 18 pounds for
foam cushions and 20 pounds for any other device (kapok and fibrous glass).
This type is designed to be grasped and held by the user until rescued as well as to
be thrown to a person who has fallen overboard.
Work Vest Only
? Unicellular plastic foam and provides a minimum buoyancy force of
This type is designed as a work vest only and must be marked accordingly. It is not
approved for use on recreational boats.
Minimum Buoyant force of 15½ pounds (adult), 11 pounds medium child), or 7
pounds (small child).
Type III is the most comfortable and is recommended in areas of probable quick
As a minimum, each individual must wear an approved Type III or Type V PFD when:
Transferring material or personnel to and from marine transportation (i.e. vessel to
vessel, swing rope, personnel net)
Working alone on small platforms
Working beneath decks or outside protective handrails
Working over water near unguarded edges
Working or going below the cellar deck
Working or riding on deck of boat or barge
A full-body safety harness, shock absorbing lanyard and PFD must be worn when working
above water and outside protective handrails. A double lanyard may be required for
operations requiring personnel to disengage the lanyard to move around equipment or
Water Entry from a Height
Structures with living quarters must have an emergency evacuation plan. This plan should
be a part of the facilities Station Bill or otherwise posted in a prominent place. C & C
Technologies, Inc. personnel should receive a briefing by Company personnel on the
procedures contained in the plan. If you do not receive a briefing, ASK for one.
Water entry should be one of the last considerations for survival in an emergency. When
evacuating a facility helicopters, vessels attendant to the facility, life rafts, life floats,
survival capsules, and even suspending oneself by a rope from the side of a facility should
be considered before entering the water. Again, jumping into the water is hazardous and
should be done, only, if there is no other means of escape.
The following procedures should be used if it is necessary to jump into the water from a
facility or vessel:
Remove your safety hard hat.
Put on and firmly secure your PFD.
Get as close as possible to the water.
Look to see that your targeted landing area is clear of personnel, protruding objects,
and other debris.
Secure your PFD by clamping one arm across your chest and grasping the
shoulder strap of the PFD.
Protect your mouth and nose by placing the palm of your free hand directly over
your mouth and pinch your nose shut with your thumb and forefinger.
Look directly ahead at the horizon and stand straight.
Take a deep breath and jump feet first. Keep your body erect and your ankles
DO NOT DIVE !
Should water entry be chosen, personnel should be knowledgeable of techniques
used to survive.
If water entry is accomplished with a PFD:
Orient yourself in the water, then move away from any vessels.
Look for rescue equipment and listen for instructions.
Let rescuers come to you. Avoid swimming a distance if possible because survival
may depend on conserving energy.
If water entry is accomplished without a PFD:
Turn your back to the wind or waves, keep your head out of the water and swim
using a breaststroke.
In the event of a oil or fuel fire on the water, swim under the water. Before you
surface, use your hand to splash a breathing hole above your head. Surface with
your eyes closed; take a deep breath, and re-submerge feet first.
Keep your head up and out of the water when swimming in oil and debris. Push oil
and debris away from you by crossing your hands in front of you. Sweep your
hands to the side as you swim forward with a modified breaststroke. Protect your
eyes, ears, and mouth.
Minimizing your movements in cold water, to conserve your body heat and prevent
Marine Vessel Transfer Procedures
Transfer by personnel nets should be used when transfer by rope is impractical
because of high winds and rough seas. These nets must be used only with the
approval of the Company person in charge.
Always follow company procedures, otherwise,
The deck of the vessel must be clear of materials to ensure sufficient room to land
the net. Only personnel who will ride the net on the next trip or the person assisting
in the transfer should be allowed on the deck of the vessel during transfer
The number of persons allowed to ride the personnel net at one time must not
exceed the manufacturer's recommendation. This recommended number should
appear on the floor and on each quadrant of the of the personnel net base. Only a
limited amount of light luggage is permitted in the net when personnel are being
transferred. Cargo should not be loaded on personnel nets. Occupants using
personnel nets should stand, facing inward, on the outer rim of the net in the open
area designed in the netting. Approved type PFD's must be worn.
Personnel should anticipate the landing on the deck of the vessel or facility by
slightly bending their knees so as not to sustain a possible injury. They should not
get off the net until it is settled on the deck of the vessel or facility.
Ropes are usually a 1-inch diameter manila rope. Ropes with knots tied every two
feet will be used to swing from a marine vessel to a landing. Knots are provided to
prevent personnel from slipping down the rope during transfer.
The same diameter rope, only unknotted, will be used to swing from the landing
onto the marine vessel. The slick rope application allows personnel to slide down
the rope should the vessel descend in the water during transfer.
Should you encounter situations where both ropes are unknotted, transfer to the
facility should be with the rope nearest to the structure. Transfer to the vessel
should be with the rope farthest from the structure.
Vessels involved in swing rope transfers must be in proper position prior to the transfer of
personnel. The captain of the vessel will determine when and where personnel will board
or debark the vessel. A crewmember of the vessel should and must be available to assist
in the transfer of personnel.
Transfer by rope should be made as nearly as possible at the peak of the vessel's rise and
never while the vessel is falling. Always use both hands during transfer on swing ropes.
Hand held articles and luggage must be transferred separately. If a person finds it too
dangerous to board a vessel or platform in rough seas, you will not be required to try.
Remember - only YOU can make the decision to swing.
The following guidelines will apply to helicopter as well as other types of aircraft.
Personnel should always ask for either special instructions or a briefing on any type
of aircraft they are not familiar with.
The pilot has the final decision regarding loading of personnel, loading of cargo,
weight and distribution of the load and flight operations.
Transporting of explosives or flammables (liquid or gas) on a helicopter is prohibited
while passengers are being carried. Smoking by passengers or the pilot is usually
prohibited at any time while on or near an aircraft.
Passengers must follow the pilot's instructions.
Upon arrival at the staging area, passengers must report their personal weight,
report their luggage weight, report their company of employment and be ready to
board the aircraft before the scheduled departure time.
Passengers should receive a briefing before takeoff so as to familiarize them with
the aircraft and its safety equipment. In some cases read the specific aircraft's
briefing card (if available). Passengers must not touch any of the aircraft's controls.
Passengers should learn the location and proper use of emergency equipment such
as life rafts, emergency equipment kits and fire extinguishers.
Passengers must not inflate the life raft or life vest inside the aircraft; these must be
While in flight, passengers must never open the doors or throw anything out of the
aircraft and never move about the cabin of an aircraft while in flight.
Loading and Unloading
Do not approach an aircraft without the pilot's knowledge when the rotor blades or
propellers are turning. Wait for a signal from the pilot before approaching.
Approach and leave a helicopter in a crouched position so that you are well below
the rotating rotor tips. Use caution, as the front portion of helicopter rotor blades
can dip dangerously low and can strike personnel. Always approach and leave the
aircraft at a 90o angle, from the sides and in view of the pilot. Do this only after
directed to do so visually and/or verbally by the pilot.
Many aircraft have sharp pilot tubes located on the nose of the aircraft. These
tubes can be hot (in excess of 400° F). Passengers should use caution when near
the tube and avoid contact.
Never walk near or under the tail boom or tail rotor or approach from the rear of
Passengers must not disembark an aircraft until instructed to do so by the pilot. Before
boarding, passengers should make sure all clothing and footwear is free of oil, grease and
grime. Helicopter passengers wearing glasses should be aware of the down draft
from helicopter rotors and secure the glasses when boarding or disembarking.
Passengers must hand-carry hard hats, caps, or other light items that can be blown
into the rotor or engine intake.
When loading or unloading passengers or cargo with the helicopter rotors turning,
use the following precautions:
Passengers or cargo handlers must be aware of their position in relation to the
If baggage compartments are opened by the passenger, passengers should ensure
they are correctly closed and latched.
Under no circumstances will passengers approach or depart helicopters on the up
slope side if the helicopter has landed on a slope.
Cargo loaded on any type of aircraft must be properly packaged, weighed, and
reported on the manifest. Cargo over 36 inches in length should be carried
horizontally to the ground to avoid contacting the helicopter rotor blades.
Cargo must not be allowed to strike the rotors or propellers or scrape the landing
gear or the body of the aircraft. When cargo is transported inside the cabin, it must
be secured with cargo nets or placed under the seats.
Survival and Safety Equipment
• In H2S prone areas Title 30 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) only requires
that each helicopter crewmember be provided with emergency breathing apparatus.
Do not assume a breathing apparatus will be available for you in the event you
have to evacuate a platform during an emergency by helicopter.
Hearing protection should be worn during all aircraft flights.
When flying over water in aircraft (regardless of distance from land) the following
FAA approved PFD's must be worn by all passengers.
Life rafts capable of holding all passengers and crew will be carried on the aircraft.
Seat belts and shoulder harnesses, if equipped, must be worn and fastened by all
passengers of aircraft before takeoff and remain fastened until after the aircraft has
When preparing for an emergency helicopter landing:
Tighten your seat belt.
Remove and secure your glasses, dentures, pens and other personal items.
Observe the location of life rafts and survival kits. Note: Be prepared to deploy
them should the pilot not be in position to do so.
Select an orientation point (a fixed part of the helicopter such as the bracing
underneath the seat). Note: This should not be a movable part such as a door
Grasp the orientation point tightly during an emergency so that you will maintain a
Keep one hand firmly on your seat belt, near the buckle, but not on it. Note: Keep
your other hand on your orientation point.
Brace for impact. Notes: After the initial jolt, a second strong jolt may be felt as the
helicopter rotor blades hit the water or land.
Do not evacuate the aircraft before the rotor blades have stopped turning unless
told to do so.
After an emergency aircraft landing:
• Remain inside the helicopter unless it begins to tip or sink.
If time permits, wait for the pilot’s command to open windows or doors and to
deploy life rafts. Note: If the helicopter does not remain upright after touchdown or
begins to sink, survival becomes an individual responsibility.
DO NOT panic or hamper the survival of others.
As water fills the cabin, take a normal breath and hold it.
After the initial rush of water has ceased (normally five to 10 seconds), release the
belt buckle with one hand, keeping your other hand on the orientation point.
The passengers seated near doors should open the emergency exits as the pilot
had briefed before departure. Note: Sliding doors on many helicopters can
puncture aircraft flotation devices. These doors have push out windows, which
should be utilized.
Pull yourself hand over hand along the preplanned escape route. Note: DO NOT
let go and attempt to swim with both hands. Maintain contact with the
Exit the helicopter with the emergency kits and life raft(s).
After raft inflation, enter the life raft, if possible.
Could you enter the life raft? If yes, be prepared to assist others who may be
disoriented or incapacitated. Procedure ends here. If no, stay with a group of
people and look to see if the helicopter will stay afloat. If may even float if the
emergency flotation gear has not been deployed. Go to the next step.
If possible, crawl on to the helicopter but do not tie yourself to it, as it may sink
without warning. Notes: Under rough conditions, it may be advantageous to move
away from the helicopter to avoid bodily injury.
Be prepared to assist others who may be disoriented or incapacitated.
Since C & C Technologies, Inc. personnel are not trained to refuel aircraft; this
operation shall not be performed.
When the floats are inflated, do not slide the doors open. Use emergency panel
exits only. If sliding doors open when floats are inflated, they will puncture the
When flying in a helicopter, you may not have a passenger-loading coordinator,
so be careful when loading or unloading.
The last passenger to load or unload bags from the baggage compartment must
make sure the door is secured before the helicopter takes off.
Emergency Exits - The handles found on all doors are for both normal and
emergency exits. To open the exit door, turn the handle. To close the exit door, leave the
handle in the open position and pull firmly on the door. To lock the door, turn the handle to
a horizontal position.
Fire Extinguishers - Two fire extinguishers are located in the cabin of the helicopter;
one on the cockpit side, the other on the passenger-compartment side. To operate the fire
extinguishers, release the safety, aim the extinguisher at the base of the fire and press the
Emergency Kits - Emergency kits containing day/night signaling devices are located
in the forward cabin area between the two seats.
Life Raft - The life raft is located in the rear passenger compartment. To inflate the
raft, move outside the cabin area. The raft is inflated by a CO. cartridge when you pull the
operating handle. Never inflate the raft inside the cabin.
Approaching and Departing Helicopter
1. Never approach or leave a helicopter from directly in front of it because of low blade
clearance. Always approach from the side. Stay clear of the rear of the helicopter.
Be aware of the tip path of the main rotor blades and stay well below this path. Some
wind conditions cause the main rotor blades on the Sikorsky S-76 to dip below the 5foot level.
On Sikorsky S-76 helicopter flights, one pilot will always help load and unload
passengers and cargo.
A pilot will act as passenger-loading coordinator and is the only one allowed to open,
close, and secure the baggage-compartment doors.
Air-speed indicators may develop temperatures in excess of 400°F. Do not touch Pilot
tubes located in the nose of the helicopter.