UNIVERSIDAD CENTRAL DEL ECUADORFACULTAD DE FILOSOFIA, LETRAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIÓNCARRERA DEIDIOMAS - PLURILINGUE<br ...
VERB     To Be (Ser, Estar)<br />
The Forms of “To Be”<br />be” has to be the most irregular, slippery verb in the language. <br />” has to be the most irre...
Simple Questions<br />We create simple yes/no questions by inverting the order of subject and the “To be” verb.<br />Is yo...
The Linking and Existential 'To Be'<br />The verb “To be” most frequently works in conjunction with another verb: “He is p...
In sentences such as these, the subject usually receives the intonation stress and the voice falls off on the verb.<br />A...
In PassiveConstructions<br />A form of the verb “To be” is combined with a past participle to form the passive. Passive ve...
EXERCISES:<br />COMPLETE WITH VERB TO BE .<br />1. My ………name James. <br />2. Mary………. the secretary. <br />3. John and Lu...
Tag Questions with “To Be”<br />When we use “To be” verbs in a tag question, the basic formula follows: the verb is combin...
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GOYES ELIZABETH, UCE, FILOSOFIA, IDIOMAS

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PRESENTACION EN INGLES DEL USO DEL VERVO TO BE

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GOYES ELIZABETH, UCE, FILOSOFIA, IDIOMAS

  1. 1. UNIVERSIDAD CENTRAL DEL ECUADORFACULTAD DE FILOSOFIA, LETRAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIÓNCARRERA DEIDIOMAS - PLURILINGUE<br />ELIZABETH GOYES<br />QUINTOS SEMESTRE<br />
  2. 2. VERB To Be (Ser, Estar)<br />
  3. 3. The Forms of “To Be”<br />be” has to be the most irregular, slippery verb in the language. <br />” has to be the most irregular, slippery verb in the language. <br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Simple Questions<br />We create simple yes/no questions by inverting the order of subject and the “To be” verb.<br />Is your brother taller than you? <br />Am I bothering you? <br />Were they embarrassed by the comedian?<br />The same inversion takes place when “To be” is combined with verbs in the progressive: Am I working with you today? <br />Is it snowing in the mountains? <br />Were your children driving home this weekend?<br />
  6. 6. The Linking and Existential 'To Be'<br />The verb “To be” most frequently works in conjunction with another verb: “He is playing the piano,” “She will be arriving this afternoon.” Occasionally, though, the verb will stand by itself, alone, in a sentence. This is especially true in simple, brief answers to questions.<br />“Who's going to the movies with me?”“I am”“Who's responsible for this mess in the bathroom?”“She is.”<br />
  7. 7. In sentences such as these, the subject usually receives the intonation stress and the voice falls off on the verb.<br />An auxiliary can be combined with the base form of “To be” to provide simple answers to questions that use forms of “to be.”<br />“Is Heitor in class this morning?”“Well, he might be.”“Is anyone helping Heitor with his homework?”“I'm not sure. Suzanne could be.”<br />
  8. 8. In PassiveConstructions<br />A form of the verb “To be” is combined with a past participle to form the passive. Passive verb constructions are useful when the subject of an action is not as important as what the subject did (the action of the sentence) or when the subject is unknown.<br />EXAMPLES:<br />- The foundation is supported by enormous floating caissons that keep it from sinking into the swamp. <br />- They were constructed by workers half submerged in the murky waters.<br />
  9. 9. EXERCISES:<br />COMPLETE WITH VERB TO BE .<br />1. My ………name James. <br />2. Mary………. the secretary. <br />3. John and Lucy ……….at school. <br />4. I………. a student. <br />5. The boys ………..in the garden. <br />6. He ……..a lawyer. <br />7. Susie ………a housewife. <br />8. She ……….a student. <br />9. They …………..my friends. <br />10. You …………a student. <br />
  10. 10. Tag Questions with “To Be”<br />When we use “To be” verbs in a tag question, the basic formula follows: the verb is combined with a pronoun and sometimes with not (usually in a contracted form). Positive statements are followed by negative tags; negative statements by positive tags.<br />EXAMPLES:<br />- Robert Frost was America's favorite poet, wasn't he? <br />- He wasn't widely accepted in this country at first, was he? <br />-I am not a very good reader, am I? <br />- I'm a better reader than you, aren't I?<br />

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