The Odyssey   By Homer
Epic Long, narrative poems that tell of the adventures of heroes who  in some way embody the values of their civilization...
The Iliad The prequel to The Odyssey Story of the Trojan War of 1200 BC   Odysseus was a war hero of this war   He dev...
Terms for the Odyssey Myths: Stories that use fantasy to express ideas  about life that cannot be expressed easily in  re...
The Plot and Virtues                                                  VIRTUES              PLOT                           ...
Characters and Places of The                     Odyssey Aeaea - Home of Circe, the witch-goddess Alcinous - King of Pha...
Characters, cont’d   Cyclops - Polyphemus   Erebus - Dark area of the underworld where the dead reside   Eurylochus - O...
Characters, cont’d Ithaca - Odysseus’s homeland Antinous - One of Penelope’s leading suitors; arrogant and  mean Eumaeu...
Gods and Goddesses Athena - Favorite daughter of Zeus; the great  goddess of wisdom and the arts of  war/peace; she favor...
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Odyssey

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Odyssey

  1. 1. The Odyssey By Homer
  2. 2. Epic Long, narrative poems that tell of the adventures of heroes who in some way embody the values of their civilizations  Impressive hero  Involves physical world and sometimes the land of the dead as well  Quest or journey taken in search of something of value
  3. 3. The Iliad The prequel to The Odyssey Story of the Trojan War of 1200 BC  Odysseus was a war hero of this war  He devised the plan of the Trojan Horse that led to the fall of Troy  The Gods favored Troy, so they cursed him for this idea and cursed his voyage back home from the Trojan War (story of The Odyssey)
  4. 4. Terms for the Odyssey Myths: Stories that use fantasy to express ideas about life that cannot be expressed easily in realistic terms Alter Ego: A reflection of a hero’s best or worst qualities Rhapsodes: “Singers of tales” were the historians and entertainers as well as the myth- makers of their time Homeric or heroic similes: Extended comparisons that compare heroic or epic events to simple and easily understandable everyday events - events the audience would recognize instantly
  5. 5. The Plot and Virtues VIRTUES PLOT -love of homePlot 1- Ten years have passedsince the fall of Troy and -loyaltyOdysseus is unable to get home -hospitalitybecause of the gods -courage -braveryPlot 2 - Suitors try to convincehis wife he is dead and try tomarry her This is a story of all people who look for peace and a place to belong but who must overcomePlot 3- Odysseus returns home a series of external and internaland must seek revenge on the obstacles to reach thatsuitors contentment.
  6. 6. Characters and Places of The Odyssey Aeaea - Home of Circe, the witch-goddess Alcinous - King of Phaeacia Calypso - Beautiful goddess-nymph who keeps Odysseus on her island for seven years Charybdis - Female monster who sucks in water three times a day to form a deadly whirlpool Cicones - People living on the southwestern coast of Thrace, who battled Odysseus and his men on their journey home Circe - Witch-goddess who turns Odysseus’s men into swine
  7. 7. Characters, cont’d Cyclops - Polyphemus Erebus - Dark area of the underworld where the dead reside Eurylochus - One of Odysseus’s loyal crew Lotus Eaters - People who feed Odysseus’s men with the lotus plants Phaeacia - Island kingdom ruled by Alcinous Polyphemus - The Cyclops; he is the son of the sea god Poseidon Scylla - Female monster with six serpent heads, each with a triple row of fangs Sirens - Sea nymphs whose beautiful and mysterious music lures sailors to steer ships towards sharp rocks Teiresias - Famous blind prophet from city of Thebes Thrinakia - Island where the sun god Helios keeps his cattle
  8. 8. Characters, cont’d Ithaca - Odysseus’s homeland Antinous - One of Penelope’s leading suitors; arrogant and mean Eumaeus - Swineherd, one of Odysseus’s loyal servants Eurycleia - Odysseus’s old nurse Eurymachus - Suitor of Penelope Eurynome - Penelope’s housekeeper Penelope - Odysseus’s faithful wife Philoetus - Cowherd, one of Odysseus’s loyal servants Telemachus - Odysseus’s son
  9. 9. Gods and Goddesses Athena - Favorite daughter of Zeus; the great goddess of wisdom and the arts of war/peace; she favored the Greeks and helped Odysseus Helios - Sun god Hermes - Messenger god Poseidon - The god of the sea; brother of Zeus; enemy of Odysseus Zeus - Most powerful god

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