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Group 10 ~ Term Project


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The Music & Art of the Northwest Coastal Indians

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Group 10 ~ Term Project

  1. 1. The Music & Artof the NW Coastal Indians<br />Group #10<br />
  2. 2. Members & Tasks<br />Research ~ Kelly, Frank& Kelsi<br />Videos, Music & other Media ~ Maya<br />Map(s), Charts, etc. ~ Bailee & Kyle<br />Interactive Activity ~ Joseph<br />Scripted Narration ~ Holly & Amelia<br />Compilation of References ~ Angelo<br />PowerPoint Slide Compilation ~ Elizabeth<br />
  3. 3. Northwest Coastal Indians<br /><ul><li>Hundreds of tribes span Northwest Coastal areas
  4. 4. From Alaska to Northern California
  5. 5. 100,000 Native Americans live on the West Coast</li></li></ul><li>History of Coastal Indians<br /><ul><li>Villages consisted of large rectangular homes, 30-40 people per home
  6. 6. Large totem poles stood in front of the house showing the head of household
  7. 7. Wore little clothing ~ basketry, hats (men) skirts, sleeveless jackets and aprons (women)</li></li></ul><li>Coastal Indian Musical Traditions<br /><ul><li>Vocalization and percussion the important tradition
  8. 8. Drum most important instrument
  9. 9. Diverse instruments versus any other tribes</li></li></ul><li>Potlatch Traditions<br />Customs and respect for elders are highly honored<br />Gift giving festival to show a tribes worth<br />Hosting tribe celebrated and gave generously for days<br />Each tribe celebrates in different ways<br />
  10. 10. Native American Singers<br />Moderately relaxed and open vocal styles that emphasize lower ranges<br />Variety of ornaments and special vocal techniques for expressive purposes<br />Scale range, 4-6 tones and half step intervals<br />Singers perform in blended unison<br />
  11. 11. Musical Instruments<br /><ul><li>Instruments represent mythical beings
  12. 12. Instruments embellished to represent spirit of musician
  13. 13. Other instruments: whistles, rattles, flutes, horns and percussions</li></li></ul><li>Coastal IndianArt/Musical Examples<br />Video contains images of totems, jewelry and masks, along with tradition drum music<br />Native Americans known for basketry, woodcarving and weaving<br /><br />Video contains Intuit tribe members performing traditional throat singing<br />Form of entertainment among females`<br /><br />
  14. 14. Ceremonies & Rituals<br /><ul><li>Kwakiutl Ceremonial Dance
  15. 15. Generational tradition
  16. 16. Songs/dances considered private property to families to be passed down
  17. 17.</li></li></ul><li>NW Coastal Word Search<br />
  18. 18. Northwest Coast Art<br />Northwest Coast art includes several cultures<br />Each century, each culture developed its own artistic style, myth and ceremony<br />Belief was all living and natural thing had a soul and purpose<br />Respect was shown in their art<br />Guided by mythology<br />Totems poles are unique to Northwest Indians<br />Carved and painted masks represents spirits<br />Tribal clans closely related to animals<br />
  19. 19. Performance Masks<br /><ul><li>Important part of all Native American ceremonies
  20. 20. Multiple types of masks ~ single face, mechanical mask and transformation mask
  21. 21. Masks made in cooper shows signs of wealth</li></li></ul><li>TotemPoles<br /><ul><li>Each design varies from culture to culture
  22. 22. Can symbolize tribe, clan, family or individual
  23. 23. Recount family legends or special events
  24. 24. Some figures represent negative reminders too
  25. 25. Never the object of worship</li></li></ul><li>Chilkat Blanket<br /><ul><li>Worn by a dancer during a Potlatch ceremony
  26. 26. Known as a “button blanket” due to pearl and shell buttons
  27. 27. Highly valued up and down the coast and traded</li></li></ul><li>Coastal IndiansToday<br />Potlatches are openly celebrated in Canada<br />Native carvers are educating the public with totems<br />Traditions are being carried on with new totems, museums and honoring the deceased<br />Increased celebrations for important events and family histories<br />
  28. 28. References<br />Adelphi University. Thunderbird American Indian Dancers. Web. 5 May 2011. <>. <br />American Indians - Northwest Bands. Kidzworld, n.d. Web. 5 May 2011. <>. <br />American Museum Collection. Northwest Coast Chief's Ceremonial Wood Raven Rattle. Web. 5 May 2011. <>. <br />Blecha, Peter. Song-Catchers: Documenting the Music of Northwest Indians. HistoryLink, 22 Dec. 2005. Web. 5 May 2011. <>. <br />Curtis, Edward. Kwakwaka’wakw Potlatch Dancers and Singers. Native AmericanEncyclopedia. Potlatch. Web. 5 May 2011. <>. <br />
  29. 29. References<br />Glazner, Chris, Roxanne Solis, and Geoff Weinman. Drums and Songs. Oracle, Web. 5 May 2011. <>. <br />The Grand Father Style Flute. Web. 5 May 2011. <>. <br />Inuit throat-singing demonstration . Smithsonian Folkways, Web. 5 May 2011. <>. <br />Miller, Gay. "Northwestern Coastal Indians." Native Americans. 2001. Web. 5 May 2011. <>. <br />Native American Culture and Map. Web. 5 May 2011. <> <br />
  30. 30. References<br />Native American music." Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.EncyclopædiaBritannica, 2011. Web. 05 May. 2011. <>. <br />Northwest Coast Indian." Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.EncyclopædiaBritannica, 2011. Web. 05 May. 2011. < <br />Quish, Na Na. Hand Painted Drums. Sa-Cinn Native Enterprises , Web. 5 May 2011. <>. <br />Stanley Park Totem Poles. Web. 5 May 2011. <>. <br />Wikipedia contributors. "Northwest Coast art." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 16 Apr. 2011. Web. 5 May. 2011. <>. <br />