Cause & Effect Question
What would men do if they started to enter a 1-floor
clothing store that had the women’s clothing the
front and the men’s clothing in the back.
a. The men would enjoy seeing all the beautiful
clothes as they walk to the back.
b. The men would turn around and find a different
store in the mall.
c. The men would send their wives in to shop for
Introduction to “Inferences”
Mystery Writer Activity
Patterns of Organization Quiz
Vocabulary Quiz #5-6
Essay 3: Which store do you plan to evaluate?
Sign-up sheet will be sent around.
Have you heard the expression…
Reading between the lines?
Many important ideas in reading are not stated
• Discovering these ideas is called making
inferences or drawing conclusions.
Involves using what you already know in order to
choose the most likely explanation from the facts.
Example: wet floor in your kitchen…
Something has spilled or there is a leak.
We all make inferences in daily living without
consciously thinking about them.
When you wave at a friend, and she doesn’t wave
back, you might assume that she is upset with you.
When you are driving down the street and see police
lights flashing behind you, you usually infer that the
police officer is pulling you over.
Let’s check out this video
With inferences, it is often easier to “read between
the lines” when you can see someone’s facial
expressions or hear someone’s voice.
While the young man is speaking, think about who
he is talking to?
What is he trying to explain to the other person?
How does he feel about what he has done?
What is going on? (Video)
Who is the young man talking to?
How does he feel?
How does the other person feel?
Why is he sorry?
What does he want the other person to say?
What does the other person say?
Let’s look a the video again, except this time we
will show the girlfriend.
Think about her side of the conversation.
Does she understand what her “boyfriend” has
Does she think he is truly sorry?
He is talking to his girlfriend
He is nervous about being confronted by her
He apologizes and wants to explain why he was
He apologizes and wants to explain.
She won’t listen to him.
Do you think she forgives him?
In the first video we had to try to infer what the
young man was talking about without being able to
hear/see what the other person was saying/thinking.
In writing we make inferences and draw conclusions
by using all the clues provided by the writer, our own
experience, and logic.
It is trickier to do this; therefore, you need to become
a detective in order to figure out any inferences the
author is trying to make.
We have already practiced making inferences when
we learned about vocabulary in context.
Let’s practice with one of our recent vocabulary
Mrs. Buchanan’s avocation, scrapbooking, is an enjoyable
hobby that she wished she had more time to pursue.
From looking at the words around avocation we can
figure out that avocation means hobby or something
done in addition to one’s occupation that is
Keep in Mind
Draw conclusions and inferences based on what is
Not your own opinion or attitude
Check back in the text to verify or locate information
that supports your conclusions.
Ask yourself if your inference is logical and
Mystery Story (handout)
Quizzes after the break
Patterns of Organization
Vocabulary List 5-6
Rough draft is due next Wednesday, 10/24/13
Don’t forget to include vocabulary words and context
Don’t forget to take it to the writing mentor.
Habit, Ch. 7
Get into groups and find sources from Habit, Ch. 7 to
help you answer the questions below.
As you are working in your groups, I will pass around
a sign-up sheet for he store you will evaluate. Please
write down your first and second choice.
Duhigg’s explanation of how stores use purchase
behavior to create marketing strategies.
Duhigg’s explanation of how companies use the
habit loop to market products and services.