An inference is
An educated guess or
prediction about something
unknown based on
available facts or
How to make inferences
Be sure to understand the literal meaning.
Add up the facts
Look at the writer’s choice of words
Understand the writer’s purpose
Be sure your inference is supportable
Fact & Opinion
Each person has picked up a
Read the sentence out loud
and indicate whether it is a
fact or an opinion,
How do you know if something is a fact?
A fact is a statement that can be proved.
What are some ways to prove that
something is a fact?
Historical evidence, documentation
Inference/Fact & Opinion
Each group is going to read an article
from a news website.
Read the article and write a summary
In the summary, determine what the
author is inferring, along with deciding
what parts of the article are a fact, and
which parts are fiction. Underline facts,
and circle or highlight opinions.
Denotative meanings are
standard dictionary definitions.
They tell us what the words
are the feelings or other
accompany a word.
For example, the denotative
meaning of brother is a male
sibling. However, what else can
What does Hollywood mean?
Hollywood’ connotes such things as glitz,
glamour, tinsel, celebrity, and dreams of
In the same time, the name ‘Hollywood’
denotes an area of Los Angeles,
worldwide known as the center of the
American movie industry.
Which works has the more
Tipsy or drunk?
Bold or brash?
Cheap or frugal?
Assertive or argumentative?
Untidy or sloppy
Job or chore?