Ancient Korea

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A quick overview of ancient Korean history and the impact of China on Korean culture. Created for use in a high school setting.
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Ancient Korea

  1. 1. Honors World History KOREA
  2. 2. ESSENTIAL QUESTION  How did the relationship between Korea and China develop between 108 B.C.E. and 1392C.E.?
  3. 3. GEOGRAPHY OF KOREA  Features: Mountains  Rice paddies  Sea  Northwestern boundary: 300 miles from historical China  Southern tip: 100 miles from the southern Japanese island of Kyushu 
  4. 4. ANCIENT KOREA 2000 B.C.E. 1500 B.C.E. 1000 B.C.E. 500 B.C.E. 0 500 C.E. 1000 C.E. 1500 C.E. 2000 C.E.
  5. 5. BRONZE, AGRARIAN, AND IRON REVOLUTIONS OF KOREA Population lived in small villages along coasts and rivers  Animists   Worshiped forces of nature  Shamans  Spoke  to the dead Buried leaders in enormous tomb mounds
  6. 6. CHINESE COMMANDERIES 108 B.C.E. – 313 C.E. 108 B.C.E.: Han Emperor Wudi sent an army into Korea to flank Xiongnu Empire (north of China)  Wudi established 4 commanderies in Korea  Han troops  Forts  Ruled over local villages  Lolang, commandery near present-day Pyongyang  Han Wudi
  7. 7. THREE ANCIENT STATES OF KOREA • Silla • Paekche • Koguryo • Fought among themselves • Powerful kings • Aristocratic society governed local villages • Buddhism from China • Most villagers continue to practice animism
  8. 8. SILLA Strong  Chinese helped them to unify Korea for 8 years (660-668)  Silla sent gifts (tributes) to the Chinese court  Chinese protected Korea’s northern boundary from Chinese nomad invasions  Adopted Chinese writing  Silla incorporated part of the Chinese government model  Confucian national academy to train officials  Annual embassies to Tang court 
  9. 9. KORYO (918-1392) After the fall of the Tang dynasty, Korean’s northern border was subject to Chinese nomadic invaders  Silla court faced coups and rebellions  918, a warlord general founded the Koryo dynasty 
  10. 10. KORYO (918-1392)    Koryo becomes English “Korea” Created earliest surviving records of Korean history. Buddhist temples and monasteries are built   Stupa (on bottom right) contains a sutra (relic of Buddha) Advancements    Poetry Literature Printing (c. 1250)using movable metal type) Pulguksa Temple (751)
  11. 11. KORYO (918-1392)  More “Chinese” than Silla State  Government offices and laws in Chinese style  Society  aristocrats and commoners Aristocrats Commoners Slaves
  12. 12. KORYO (918-1392)  Economy  Underdeveloped  Barter;  no money Mongols  Wars weakened the dynasty  Mongol invasions of Japan were launched from Korean ports  1400s: development of Korean alphabet
  13. 13. ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS:   How is early Korean history shaped by its geography? How was Buddhism introduced to Korea and Japan?

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