T BEAM (ULTIMATE STRENGTH DESIGN)

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Welcome to my presentation . Here you will find conceptual theory about T beam by Ultimate strength design . If any query , you can ask . Thank you .

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  • Based on the ultimate strength of the structure member assuming a failure condition , due to concrete crushing or yielding of steel. Although there is additional strength of steel after yielding (strain hardening zone) which will not be considered in the design.Actual loads are multiplied by load factor to obtain the ultimate design loads. ACI code emphasizes this method.
  • DefinitionFor monolithically casted slabs, a part of a slab act as a part of beam to resist longitudinal compressive force in the moment zone and form a T-Section. This section form the shape of a "T“ Concrete beams are often poured integrally with the slab, forming a much stronger “T” – shaped beam. These beams are very efficient because the slab portion carries the compressive loads and the reinforcing bars placed at the bottom of the stem carry the tension. A T-beam typically has a narrower stem than an ordinary rectangular beam. These stems are typically spaced from 4’-0” apart to more than 12’-0”. The slab portion above the stem is designed as a one-way slab spanning between stems.
  • Occurrence and Configuration of T-Beams• Common construction type.- used in conjunction with either on-way or two-way slabs.• Sections consists of the flange and web or stem; the slab forms the beam flange, whilethe part of the beam projecting below the slab forms is what is called web or stem.
  • A singly reinforced beam is one in which the concrete element is only reinforced near the tensile face and the reinforcement, called tension steel, is designed to resist the tension.
  • A doubly reinforced beam is one in which besides the tensile reinforcement the concrete element is also reinforced near the compressive face to help the concrete resist compression. The latter reinforcement is called compression steel. When the compression zone of a concrete is inadequate to resist the compressive moment (positive moment), extra reinforcement has to be provided if the architect limits the dimensions of the section.
  • T Beam acts as a singly reinforced beam . Because here exits slab and beam portion , which can easily resist the upcoming compressive load. So that extra reinforcement is not required in the compression zone . That’s why , T beam also serves the economic purpose .
  • T- versus Rectangular SectionsWhen T-shaped sections are subjected to negative bending moments, the flange is located in the tension zone. Since concrete strength in tension is usually neglected in strength design, the sections are treated as rectangular sections.On the other hand, when sections are subjected to positive bending moments, the flange is located in the compression zone and the section is treated as a T-section.
  • For symmetrical T-Beam or having slab on both sides a) 16 hf + bw b) Span/4 c) c/c distance (smallest value should be taken)
  • Beams having slabs on one side only a) bw + span/12 b) bw+ 6hf c) bw+ 1/2 * beam clear distance (smallest value should be taken)
  • Isolated T Beam a) beff ≤ 4 bw b) hf ≥ bw/2 (smallest value should be taken)
  • Analyse as a rectangular beam of width𝑏=𝑏𝑒𝑓𝑓𝑀𝑛= 𝐴𝑠 𝑓𝑦 (𝑑− 𝑎2)Analyse as a rectangular beam of width 𝑏=𝑏𝑒𝑓𝑀𝑛= 𝐴𝑠 𝑓𝑦 (𝑑− 𝑎/2)
  • T beam may be treated as a rectangular if stress block depth a ≤ hfand as a T beam If a >hf .Nominal moment , Mn = 〖 𝐴〗_𝑠 𝑓_(𝑦 )(𝑑 − 𝑎/2)
  • T beam may be treated as a rectangular if stress block depth a ≤ hfand as a T beam If a >hf .T beam may be treated as a rectangular if stress block depth a ≤ hfand as a T beam If a >hf .Nominal moment , Mn = 〖 𝐴〗_𝑠 𝑓_(𝑦 )(𝑑 − 𝑎/2)
  • T BEAM (ULTIMATE STRENGTH DESIGN)

    1. 1. AHSANULLAH UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING CE-416 PRE-STRESSED CONCRETE LAB SESSIONAL PRESENTED BY: S. M. RAHAT RAHMAN ID NO:10.01.03.044 COURSE TEACHERS: MUNSHI GALIB MUKTADIR SABREENA NASRIN 12/3/2013 1
    2. 2. T BEAM DESIGN : SINGLY & DOUBLY : USD 12/3/2013 2
    3. 3. CONTENTS 12/3/2013 3
    4. 4.  Assuming tensile failure condition  Additional strength of steel after yielding  ACI code emphasizes this method. 12/3/2013 4
    5. 5.  Concrete beams are often casted integrally with the slab and formed a “T” – shaped beam.  These beams are very efficient .  Here slab portion carries the compressive load and web portion carries the tension . 12/3/2013 5
    6. 6. Occurrence and Configuration of T-Beams • Common construction type • The slab forms the beam flange, while the part of the beam projecting below the slab forms is what is called web or stem. 12/3/2013 6
    7. 7. Compression Zone Tension Zone Figure : Singly Reinforced Beam for positive moment condition 12/3/2013 7
    8. 8. Compression Zone Tension Zone Figure : Doubly Reinforced Beam for positive moment condition 12/3/2013 8
    9. 9. 12/3/2013 9
    10. 10. T-Action Rectangular 12/3/2013 10
    11. 11. T Versus Rectangular Sections When T-shaped sections are subjected to negative bending moments, the flange is located in the tension zone. On the other hand, when sections are subjected to positive bending moments, the flange is located in the compression zone and the section is treated as a Tsection. 12/3/2013 11
    12. 12. From ACI 318, Section 8.10.2 Effective Flange Width : Condition 1 For symmetrical T-Beam or having slab on both sides a) 16 hf + bw b) Span/4 c) c/c distance 12/3/2013 12
    13. 13. From ACI 318, Section 8.10.2 Effective Flange Width : Condition 2 Beams having slabs on one side only a) bw + span/12 b) bw + 6hf c) bw + 1/2 * beam clear distance 12/3/2013 13
    14. 14. From ACI 318, Section 8.10.2 Effective Flange Width : Condition 3 Isolated T Beam a) beff ≤ 4 bw b) hf ≥ bw/2 12/3/2013 14
    15. 15. 12/3/2013 15
    16. 16. Case 1 : (N. A. is with in Flange) hf Strain Diagram Stress Diagram 12/3/2013 16
    17. 17. Case 2 : (N. A. is with in Web) 12/3/2013 17
    18. 18. ANALYSIS OF T-BEAM Analysis of T-Beams - ( a > hf) Consider the total section in two parts: 1) Flange overhangs and corresponding steel; 2) Stem and corresponding steel; b - bw N.A. bw N.A. 12/3/2013
    19. 19. ANALYSIS OF T BEAM Case-1 0.85 fc’ (b-bw) hf = As2 fy Where, As1 = As – Asf As2 = Asf Case-2 0.85 fc’ bw a = As1 fy 0.85 fc’ bw a + 0.85 fc’ (b-bw) hf = As fy 12/3/2013 19
    20. 20. T BEAM MOMENT CALCULATION b εc=0.003 0.85fc’ a/2 hf C c For : a hf d d-a/2 As T Strain Diagram bw Mn M n1 M n2 Stress Diagram M n1 M n2 As Asf f y d Asf f y d hf 2 a 2 12/3/2013 20
    21. 21. THANK YOU 12/3/2013 21
    22. 22. ANY QUESTION ? 12/3/2013 22

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