2009 UNESCO Sport & Human Rights


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2009 UNESCO Sport & Human Rights

  1. 1. Sport & Human Rights<br />Eli A. Wolff<br />Sport in Society, a Northeastern<br />University Center<br />
  2. 2. Sport in Society<br />Sport in Society works to create a just world by eliminating discrimination, hate and violence, while creating lasting solutions, and promoting healthy development and social responsibility.<br />
  3. 3. Sport in Society<br />Raise Awareness<br />Challenge Thinking<br />Open Dialogue<br />Inspire Leadership<br />
  4. 4. Sport & Human Rights<br />Sport as a human right <br />Sport as a platform for promoting human rights<br />
  5. 5. Leadership<br />What is your personal definition of leadership?<br />
  6. 6. “I define a leader as someone who stands up for justice and does not block its path.”<br /> - Dr. Richard Lapchick<br />
  7. 7. Rhythm & Flow<br />“You only make beautiful music if you know how to play in an orchestra.”<br />- Cantona<br />
  8. 8. Defining Sport<br />In the context of human rights, what does sport mean to you?<br />
  9. 9. Defining Sport<br />“All forms of physical activity that contribute to physical fitness, mental well-being and social interaction, such as play, recreation, organized or competitive sport.”<br /> - UN Inter-Agency Task Force on Sport for Development and Peace, 2003 <br />
  10. 10. Agree / Disagree / Unsure<br />The sport, recreation and play domainis essential for fully realizing the human rights promise.<br />
  11. 11. Rights from Wrongs<br />“As human beings have recognized the wrongs of such institutions as slavery, genocide, and religious oppression, they have constructed new rights to prevent the recurrence of old wrongs.”<br />&quot;Rights do not come from God, nature, logic, or law alone. They arise out of particular human experiences with injustice.”<br />- Dershowitz, 2004<br />
  12. 12. Rights from Wrongs<br />Wrongs in Sport<br />
  13. 13. Olympic Charter<br />&quot;The practice of sport is a human right. Every individual must have the possibility of practicing sport, without discrimination of any kind and in the Olympic spirit, which requires mutual understanding with a spirit of friendship, solidarity and fair play.&quot; <br />
  14. 14. Olympic Pillars<br />Excellence<br />Friendship<br />Respect<br />Human Rights?<br />
  15. 15. Agree / Disagree / Unsure<br />Athletes should play and <br />not pontificate<br />
  16. 16. Athletes for Human Rights <br />
  17. 17. Sport & Human Rights<br />Eli A. Wolff<br />Sport in Society, a Northeastern<br />University Center<br />
  18. 18. 1978 UNESCO Charter on Physical Education and Sport<br />The practice of physical education and sport is a fundamental right for all.<br />
  19. 19. 1979 CEDAW<br />States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in order to ensure to them equal rights with men in the field of education and in particular to ensure, on a basis of equality of men and women: The same opportunities to participate actively in sports and physical education<br />States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in other areas of economic and social life in order to ensure, on a basis of equality of men and women, the same rights, in particular: The right to participate in recreational activities, sports and all aspects of cultural life.<br />
  20. 20. 1985 Convention Against Apartheid in Sports<br />States Parties strongly condemn apartheid and undertake to pursue immediately by all appropriate means the policy of eliminating the practice of apartheid in all its forms from sports.<br />
  21. 21. 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child<br />States Parties recognize the right of the child to rest and leisure, to engage in play and recreational activities appropriate to the age of the child and to participate freely in cultural life and the arts.<br />States Parties shall respect and promote the right of the child to participate fully in cultural and artistic life and shall encourage the provision of appropriate and equal opportunities for cultural, artistic, recreational and leisure activity.<br />
  22. 22. 2003 UN Inter-Agency Task-Force SDP<br />Access to and participation in sport is a human right and essential for individuals of all ages to lead healthy and fulfilling lives<br />
  23. 23. 2006 CRPWD<br />30.5 With a view to enabling persons with disabilities to participate on an equal basis with others in recreational, leisure and sporting activities, States Parties shall take appropriate measures: <br />a) To encourage and promote the participation, to the fullest extent possible, of persons with disabilities in mainstream sporting activities at all levels; <br />b) To ensure that persons with disabilities have an opportunity to organize, develop and participate in disability-specific sporting and recreational activities and, to this end, encourage the provision, on an equal basis with others, of appropriate instruction, training and resources;<br />
  24. 24. 2006 CRPWD, cont’d.<br />c) To ensure that persons with disabilities have access to sporting, recreational and tourism venues; <br />d) To ensure that children with disabilities have equal access with other children to participation in play, recreation and leisure and sporting activities, including those activities in the school system; <br />e) To ensure that persons with disabilities have access to services from those involved in the organization of recreational, tourism, leisure and sporting activities.<br />
  25. 25. 2008 International Working Group Sport for Development and Peace<br />“The explicit mention of sport, play and physical activity in so many human rights instruments underscores the centrality of these activities to human health, development and well-being.”<br />