Reading and Writing 101Vowel and Consonant     Phonemes
Learning Objectives    To learn the nature of phonemes in words    To use phonemic awareness to help us spell and    spe...
Introduction    Do you face any of the following challenges    when you read and spell:1) Slow down when you face bigger ...
Phonemic Awareness    Therefore, to read and spell effectively, you must    be familiar with letter sounds.    Letter so...
Phonemes    In English, there is a total of 44 phonemes from    26 alphabets – 5 vowels and 21 consonants.    5 vowels –...
Applying Phonemic AwarenessWhen you have a strong sense of Phonemic Awareness, you are break up a word into its phonemes:1...
Phonemes – Voiced & Unvoiced    Some Phonemes are Voiced and some, Unvoiced.    Place your index and middle finger on yo...
Learning Activity    What are the phonemes in these words?1) Capture2) Fashion3) Horrify4) Garden5) Suddenly●    Hint: Us...
Learning Activity Answers    What are the phonemes in these words?1) Capture - /c/ , /a/ , /p/ , /t/ , /ure/2) Fashion - ...
Discussion    What are phonemes?    Why is it important to have strong phonemic    awareness?    How do we apply this k...
Discussion    Phonemes are letter sounds.    Phonemic awareness can help us to sound the    phonemes in words so we can ...
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Ll Lower pri D - Vowel and consonant phonemes

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Ll Lower pri D - Vowel and consonant phonemes

  1. 1. Reading and Writing 101Vowel and Consonant Phonemes
  2. 2. Learning Objectives To learn the nature of phonemes in words To use phonemic awareness to help us spell and speak better.
  3. 3. Introduction Do you face any of the following challenges when you read and spell:1) Slow down when you face bigger words2) Say out a big word when you spell3) Confused between letter sounds, such as en or on , ir or er, tion or sion, when you spell If you do, thats because your knowledge of letter sounds is yet incomplete! You can easily read and spell when you are familiar with letter sounds.
  4. 4. Phonemic Awareness Therefore, to read and spell effectively, you must be familiar with letter sounds. Letter sounds are called Phonemes. A Phoneme is the smallest sound unit in a word. For example, all these words have 3 sounds each:1) cat - /c/ /a/ /t/2) pin - /p/ /i/ /n/3) ton - /t/ /o/ /n/● Phonemes are represented by backward slashes.
  5. 5. Phonemes In English, there is a total of 44 phonemes from 26 alphabets – 5 vowels and 21 consonants. 5 vowels – 20 phonemes 21 consonants – 24 phonemes These 44 phonemes represent 95% of all English words as they are spoken. For example, for the letter a, these are different phonemes: /a/ nt ban /a/ na sw /a/ n b /a/ by zebr /a/ b /a/ ll
  6. 6. Applying Phonemic AwarenessWhen you have a strong sense of Phonemic Awareness, you are break up a word into its phonemes:1) Break – /br/ /ea/ /k/2) Class – /cl/ /a/ /ss/3) Teacher – /t/ /ea/ /ch/ /er/4) Sleep - /sl/ /ee/ /p/Q: You have learnt about Digraphs, Trigraphs and Blends. Can you spot them above?
  7. 7. Phonemes – Voiced & Unvoiced Some Phonemes are Voiced and some, Unvoiced. Place your index and middle finger on your throat and try these phonemes:1)Voiced Phonemes- when your vocal cords vibrate. P, V, Z, /th/umb2) Unvoiced Phonemes- when your vocal cords dont vibrate. B, F, S, Fea/th/er● Q: Vowel Phonemes are all voiced. Can you try sounding /a/, /e/ , /i/, /o/ & /u/ ?
  8. 8. Learning Activity What are the phonemes in these words?1) Capture2) Fashion3) Horrify4) Garden5) Suddenly● Hint: Use your knowledge of digraphs and trigraphs to help you.
  9. 9. Learning Activity Answers What are the phonemes in these words?1) Capture - /c/ , /a/ , /p/ , /t/ , /ure/2) Fashion - /f/ , /a/ , /sh/ , /i/ , /o/ , /n/3) Horrify - /h/ , /o/ , /rr/ , /i/ , /f/ , /y/4) Garden - /g/ , /ar/ , /d/ , /e/ , /n/5) Suddenly - /s/ , /u/ , /dd/ , /e/ , /n/ , /l/ , /y/● The digraphs are: /sh/ , /rr/ , /ar/ and /dd/. The trigraph is /ure/.
  10. 10. Discussion What are phonemes? Why is it important to have strong phonemic awareness? How do we apply this knowledge?
  11. 11. Discussion Phonemes are letter sounds. Phonemic awareness can help us to sound the phonemes in words so we can spell and read better. We break up a word into its phonemes.

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