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CV / Resume writing / Career development


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As part of a series of six workshops which cover the most important aspects of professional career development, I train future MBA graduates how to write an internationally successful CV and how to write an application letter that initiates an invitation by the prospective employer. In short, these workshops range from writing skills to personal awareness, analysis of weaknesses and strenghts to how to find the perfect match in terms of future employers.

Published in: Career

CV / Resume writing / Career development

  1. 1. CV/Resume Writingby Elisabeth Dols-De Rooijareer Development
  2. 2. Communication =
  3. 3. My Life in Logos
  4. 4. 18 - 20% 20 - 22% 22- 24% 24% or moreExpected ‘graying in The Netherlands by 2025.Percentage elderly of total population in 2025.Source: Central Bureau of Statistics (2007)
  5. 5. OPPORTUNITY OR THREAT?“In Limburg, expected shrinking of total „professional‟ population is 35%.” Bertha Verhoeven-van Lierop, Director KvK Limburg (Feb. 2011)
  7. 7. Training outline Discussion Planning Producing and Completing International CV Types of Resumes 5 Basic Principles The International Resume Presenting a clear overview Lay out Principles & International etiquette
  8. 8. Training outline continued How to match personal career objectives with prospective company objectives and positions ACTION: Writing Your Career objective Samples General Writing Tips Resume do’s & don’ts Personal Questions Final
  9. 9. DiscussionWhat is the function of a CV?Which CVs are shortlisted by an employer?Which approach do most employers take to findpotential new employees?Why is networking so important in your careersearch?
  10. 10. Resume = Curriculum Vitaefrom Latin: Course of (One‟s) life
  11. 11. “No perception is more important than the first impression you make with your Resume and Cover Letter.” from Boveé/Thill, Business Communication Essentials: Pearson International Edition 2010
  12. 12. Stages in Resume WritingPlanning Writing Completing1.Preparation 2. Production 3. Development
  13. 13. Planning 75% Writing 25% CompletingPrewritingAnalyze the SituationGather Information Adapt to Your AudienceSelect the Right Medium Produce the MessageOrganize the Information Revise the Message Proofread the Message Distribute the Message1.Preparation 2. Production 3. Development
  14. 14. Types of Resumes Chronological Resume Functional Resume Combination Resume Targeted Resume Europass CV
  15. 15. 1 Chronological Resume  Personal details  Career Objective  First: Employment history; most recent job/position listed first  Additional experience  Second: Educational history  Additional skills  Hobbies  References * Employers typically prefer this type of Resume. Why? Because it is easy to see which jobs you have held and when.
  16. 16. 2 Functional Resume Focuses on your skills and experience rather than chronological work history* Is used most often by persons who are changing careers or people who have gaps in their employment history.
  17. 17. 3 Combination Resume  First, list your skills and qualifications  Your employment history is next * You can highlight the skills you have relevant to the job and also provide the chronological work history that employers prefer.
  18. 18. 4 Targeted Resume  Customized: specifically highlights the experience and skills you have that are relevant to the job you are applying for  Definitely takes more work!  Well worth the effort! * When applying for jobs that are a perfect match for your qualifications and experience.
  19. 19. 5 Europass CV  Template: provides a single framework for qualifications, skills and competences  Suitable for: a controlled and structured environment  Consider: the type of industry you want to be in Eg. Financial services
  20. 20. Europass CVDownloads, examples , templates andother information available online
  21. 21. Five basic principles for CV writing Concentrate on the essentials Be clear and concise Adapt your CV to suit the post you are applying for Take care of the presentation of your CV heck your CV and let 3 people proofread it!
  22. 22. The International Resume ▪ Personal Details Surname Name(s) ▪ Date of birth ▪ Nationality/Citizenship Physical address: Street, Postal code, City, Country Contact information: Telephone number(s), E-mail address, Skype address URL of your personal website, page or e-portfolio Marital status ▪ Gender (optional) ▪ Driver’s License
  23. 23. ▪ Introductory Statement You can choose to open with  Career objective  Qualifications summary or  Career summary Template
  24. 24. ▪ Career Objective States the goal which you would like to achieve; or the type of work you hope to attain Specific objective: matches with the position you are applying for General objective: when putting together a more general Resume for posting online or for distribution at a career fair.
  25. 25. ▪ Qualifications summary Offers a brief view of your key qualifications The goal: letting the reader know within a few seconds what you can deliver Example: International Account Management Experienced international accountant and financial analyst with proven leadership, planning, negotiating, and intercultural communication skills. Demonstrated ability to improve process efficiency and reduce operating costs.
  26. 26. ▪ Career summary Offers a brief recap of your career Goal: presenting increasing levels of responsibility and performance Useful for executives who have demonstrated the ability to manage increasingly larger, more complicated business operations Key consideration for hiring upper-level managers
  27. 27. ▪ Employment history Align your past with the employer‟s future • List most recent experience first (200x – present) • Company name, City, Country • Position (Job title) • Professional experience includes military service, internships or any part-time jobs related to your career objective • Write two or more bullet statements about the work you performed on this job and what you learned or accomplished.
  28. 28. ▪ Employment history continued Devote the most space to jobs that are related to your target position Prioritize the experience and mention the most relevant tasks. Call attention to the skills you have developed on the job and to your ability to handle increased responsibility DO Use numbers where appropriate to clearly describe your accomplishments (Quantify wherever possible) Example: “Led a team of nine sales reps.” DON‟T use vague qualitative terms such as “large” or “many”: Be specific!
  29. 29. ▪ Additional experience For example:professional affiliations, network memberships,associations, volunteer work or any other special accomplishments. Don’t waste Resume space with frivolous or superficial information:
  30. 30. ▪ Education State most recent education first ● Period (200x – present) ● School/University name, Faculty, City, Country ● Level i.e. BA, Masters, MBA ● Study Profile i.e. Economics, International Business ● Major/minor fields of study (GPA)● Degrees or certificates or expected date of completion ● Diploma (Year) or anticipated graduation ● Scholarships, awards, or academic honors Showcase your qualifications by listing courses that directly equip you for the job!
  31. 31. ▪ Additional skills List other skillsChoose skills which are transferable to the job you are applying for such as ● Language skills/proficiency ● Computer program skills
  32. 32. ▪ Personal Interests List your hobbies or your passion(s)which could be relevant to your competences Remember Balance!
  33. 33. ▪ References Available on request
  34. 34. Lay-out• Be a classic (professional)• Be consistent• Be creative (personalize)
  35. 35. International Resume Principles Each country has different etiquette Format your Resume accordingly Examples:• in Canada the Resume is usually formatted - no cover letter;• in the United Kingdom a Resume = CV and cover letter always;• in France the cover letter is generally hand written & photo attached
  36. 36. Employment isA 2-way street Be Confident
  37. 37. The Best Fit dynamic communicationlifelong LIFETIME EMPLOYMENT Businessobjectives ACTIVE attention attitude continuousimprove process CAREER focusemployability GROWTH SMALL BUSINESSEMPLOYEES GOING SOLO CHANGING VIEWSFORCES JOB MARKET ENTRY
  38. 38. ► The Employer‟s perspective◄ Your perspective
  39. 39. What do you want to do? What is Your goal? Occupation, change, stability, location What is Your purpose? Compensation, independance, variety What is Your vision? Ultimate position , company size What is Your conviction? Corporate culture Examine your values and interests
  40. 40. What do you have to offer?  Jot down 10 achievements  What specific skills did these achievements demanded from you? Analyze Do you recognize a pattern of skills which might be valuable to potential employers?
  41. 41. ACTION Writing your career objectivePros: Tailormade for each job you apply Clear, concise, could save timeCons: Self-serving, vague, dreadfully written, meaningless
  42. 42. Be specific but not limiting"To manage people, interface with customers, and work with highly technical software or hardware applications." This objective could apply to many different jobs, yet the skills described are quite specific.
  43. 43. The bottom line• Objectives should reflect the employers perspective not the jobseekers, and should tell what the jobseeker can contribute.• An objective should demonstrate the value the candidate will add to the organization.• Objectives may help sharpen the focus of your Resume (especially if your experience is very diverse or if you are switching into a career not supported by the experience listed on your Resume)
  44. 44. Spotlighting Skills Trend: jobseekers replacing their objectives with a section called "Summary," "Skills Summary" "Qualifications" or "Profile“ Advantages: + can be quite appealing to employers + + keywords used in such sections can be an important element when a Resume is electronically scanned
  45. 45. GENERAL WRITING TIPS • Use the active voice with verbs Indicates you are in charge: “Represented firm at international symposium.” Achievement statement: “Handled all client correspondence.” • Don‟t get caught in the passive voice trap Writing as if something happened to you: “Was sent to Argentina to represent the firm.“ • Don‟t refer to yourself as a subject (first or third person) in a Resume “I helped prepare financial data for Accounts department…” “Applicant wrote outreach letters to prospective clients.”
  46. 46. Accomplished Negotiated Achieved Operated dministered Organized Approved Participated Budgeted Planned Chaired Presented Changed ACTION Recommended Completed VERBS Reduced Coordinated Created Demonstrated Recommended Developed Reduced Directed Resolved Explored Served Identified Supervised Improved Targeted Initiated Trained Introduced Transformed
  47. 47. GENERAL TIPS CONTINUED• Be consistent in your spelling (UK or US)• Use good language skills and good prose (language that resembles every day speech)• Avoid repetition!
  48. 48. Resume Do‟sDo stick to a basic, clear format which helps the reader to get information quickly and with minimal effortDo make your Resume a document that focuses on your accomplishments and skillsDo discuss your two or three most relevant strengths
  49. 49. Resume Do‟sDo illustrate these with experience and achievement statementsBe aware that employers are interested in your eligibility to work legally and may ask for documentationDo take time to learn about your rights and responsibilities in the work field of your interest
  50. 50. Resume Don‟tsDon’t include reasons for leaving your jobs or salary information.Don’t portray yourself as a jack-of-all trades in the hope that something will strike the reader’s fancy.Don’t include e-mail addresses or websites that have the potential to reveal controversial or inappropriate personal information. Avoid addresses such as
  51. 51. Resume Don‟tsDon’t use your current work e-mail or phone number as contact information. This indicates that you are job searching in your employer’s time.Don’t include personal information such as your social security number (B.S.N.)
  52. 52. Useful Links• english/resumes-vocab.htm• cvs/international-resume.html
  53. 53. Reconsider all skills involved • Prospecting: company research • Networking: initiating, leading, selling • Writing: Resume & Cover Letter • Listening: interpreting, analysing • Convincing: public speaking, expertise • Trusting: Your Self
  54. 54. “Our greatest glory is not in never falling,but in getting up every time we do.”ConfuciusChinese philosopher & reformer (551 BC - 479 BC)
  55. 55. THANK YOUGOOD LUCK TO YOU! Next Cover Letter Writing