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1. Nacionalidades2. Stem Changing Verbs3. Para4. Indirect Object Pronouns5. Pronoun Placement6. Gustar7. Affirmative and N...
Change in all forms, except nosotros and vosotros                                                         4 kinds of boot ...
Rule: to indicate destination                      ExamplesRule: to show the use or              El hombre salió para Madr...
Indirect Object Pronouns Me     nos Te     os                                                      The pronouns Le and les...
 Attach the pronoun to the infinitive Attach the pronoun to a progressive  tense Attach the pronoun to an affirmative  ...
Me gusta nos guta                                                                  Te gusta    os gusta                   ...
I want something                            Yo quiero algo.                         Algo                        Something ...
Equivalent in English to                                         extremely or very before    -isimo                      ...
To describe people doing things for themselves. When the person is  me       nos             doing the action and receivin...
pronoun placement    Change the verb to second person and then you drop the ‘s’. OR Change the verb to third              ...
irregulars          pronoun placement                       Put the verb into yo form                Change the vowel endi...
Primero-                  Entonces-                           First                    thenLoslunes,etc.-on               ...
Grammar book spanish
Grammar book spanish
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Grammar book spanish

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Grammar book spanish

  1. 1. 1. Nacionalidades2. Stem Changing Verbs3. Para4. Indirect Object Pronouns5. Pronoun Placement6. Gustar7. Affirmative and Negative Words8. Superlatives9. reflexive verbs10. affirmative tú commands + irregulars + pronoun placement11. negative tú command + irregulars + pronoun placement12. sequencing events
  2. 2. Change in all forms, except nosotros and vosotros 4 kinds of boot verbs: O-UE, U-UE, E-IE, E-IAlmorzar O-UEacostar Then endings remain the same for -ar , -er, and -ircontarcostar Cuesto Costamosdevolver E-I I e pedirdormir Cuestas Costáis Servirencontrar I e Piderpoder Cuesta Cuestan Verb Endings decirrecordar I I Ex: Costarvolver -AR -ER/-IR O amos O emos/imos As áis es éis/ís A an e en E-IE U-UEQuerer ie eTener UE UComenzar ie e jugarEmpezar UE UDespertar e ie UE UE
  3. 3. Rule: to indicate destination ExamplesRule: to show the use or El hombre salió para Madrid.purpose of a thing El vaso es para agua.Rule: to mean "in order to" or"for the purpose of" Para hacer una paella, primero dore las carnes.Rule: to indicate a recipient Este regalo es para ti.Rule: to express a deadline orspecific time Necesito el vestido para el lunes.Rule: to express a contrast Para un niño lee muy bien.from what is expected El tren está para salir.Rule: "estar para" to expressan action that will soon becompleted http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/porpara.htm
  4. 4. Indirect Object Pronouns Me nos Te os The pronouns Le and les can refer to different Indirect Object Tells to pronouns indirect objects. To Le les whom/what or replace or clarify what that means for whom/what accompany they are often accompanied by a+ indirect objects. name, noun, or pronoun Le gusta mucho el baloncesto a Ana. Rosa le compra un olla a su madre. El profesor les da examen a los alumnos.
  5. 5.  Attach the pronoun to the infinitive Attach the pronoun to a progressive tense Attach the pronoun to an affirmative command Place the pronoun before a conjugated verb
  6. 6. Me gusta nos guta Te gusta os gusta Le gusta les gustaWhen you want to talk about things people like, change Gustar matches the the form of gustar to match noun, not the speakerthe singular or plural nouns ofthose things that people like.Me gusta la idea nos gusta la idea Me gustan las enchiladas nos gustan las enchiladasTe gusta la idea os gusta la idea Te gustan las enchiladas os gustan lasLe gusta la idea les gusta la idea enchiladas Le gustan las enchiladas les gustan las enchiladas Singular Plural
  7. 7. I want something Yo quiero algo. Algo Something Alguien Someone Algún/Alguno(a) Some Siempre Always También Also Can have double negatives in Spanish. No+verb+negative word No quiero nada. Actual Translation :I don’t want nothing. English Translation: I don’t want anything.Nada NothingNadie No oneNingún/Ninguno(a) None, Not anyNunca NeverTampoco Neither, either
  8. 8. Equivalent in English to extremely or very before  -isimo an adjective or adverb  -isimos  -isima •The adjective must agree in gender and  -isimas number with the noun it modifies. •Drop the vowel ending, not the consonant ending.When the last consonant is c, g, orz spelling changes are required. Hamburguesa rica riquísimaC qu El examen difícil dificilísimoG gu Chicos felices felicísimosZ c Joven jovencísimo-n, -r add cisimo/a Trabajador trabajadorcísimo
  9. 9. To describe people doing things for themselves. When the person is me nos doing the action and receiving the action. te os Many verbs can be used with or without reflexive pronouns. When there is no reflexive pronoun, the person doing the action does not receive the action. se se When you use the infinitive form of a reflexive verb after a conjugated verb, be sure to use the correct reflexive pronoun. You can also put the reflexive pronoun in front of the conjugated verb.Example: I shave myself.Yo me afeito. Not Reflexive: Livia lava el carro. (Livia washes the car.) Reflexive: Livia se lava. (Livia washes herself.) Quiero levantarme temprano. (I want to get up early.) Me quiero levantar temprano.
  10. 10. pronoun placement Change the verb to second person and then you drop the ‘s’. OR Change the verb to third person. When you use a pronoun with an affirmative command, the pronoun attaches to the command. When you add a direct object to the end of an affirmative command the pronunciation make remain the same, so you must add an accent to the third vowel to the left. Cruza el parque Do It! ¡Crúzalo! ¡Hazlo!decir Di Change to second person and drop the ‘s’ OR Change to third personHacer HazIr Ve CaminarPoner Pon ComerSalir Sal CaminasSer Sé ¡Come!Tener Ten ¡Camina!Venir Ven Irregular Affirmative tú commands
  11. 11. irregulars pronoun placement Put the verb into yo form Change the vowel ending ar--e ; er/ir--a Add ‘s’ Object pronouns precede the verbs in negative commands, just like with other conjugated verbs. Hablar Hablo ¡No Hables!Dar/decir No des Volver Vuelvo ¡No Vuelvas!Ir No vayasSer No segasHacer No hagasEstar Don’t use it (the brush) No estésSaber ¡No lo uses! No sepasTener No tengasVenir No vengas Irregular Negative tú commands
  12. 12. Primero- Entonces- First thenLoslunes,etc.-on Luego/despuesMonday, etc - later/after Sequencing. Events por la mañana/tarde/noche- in during the… Por fin- last Antes de/ después de- Before/after

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