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Grammar book 2


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Grammar book 2

  1. 1. Table of Contents Preterite: trigger words, car,gar,zar, spock, snake/snakey, cucaracha Demonstrative Ordinal Numbers Prepositions Future Possessive adjectives and pronouns Imperfect Reflexives
  2. 2. -car yo -qué-gar yo -gué-zar yo -céCucaracha Verbsandar anduve-estar estuve-poder pud-poner pus-saber sup-tener tuv-venir Vin-Dar (give)/ver (see)Di dimosVi vimosDisteVisteDio dieronVio vieronIr (go) /Ser (be)Fui fuimosFuisteFue fueronHacer (do/make)Hice hicimosHicisteHizo hicieronSnakeDormirDormíDormisteDurmióDormimosdurmieronStemChangersLeerLeíLeísteLeyóLeímosLeyeronSnakeyYChangers-e -imos-iste -isteis-o -ieronConducir Conduj-producir Produj-traducir Traduj-traer Traj-decir Dij-PreteritetaketheIoffinthirdpersonsingular
  3. 3. Demonstrative Adj. and PronounsAdjectives Proceed the noun theymodify Agree in gender and #Pronouns Carry accent on stressedvowel (first e) Identify noun that hasalready been establishedSingularEste estaEse esaAquel aquellaPluralEstos estasEsos esasAquellos aquellasEnglishThis theseThat thoseThat (over there) those (over there)Neuders• When you don’t knowthe gender• Don’t change ingender or #• Esto• Eso• aquello
  4. 4. When used with nouns they must agree in gender an number.Ordinals are placed before nouns.Primero and Tercero drop the “o” before a masculine singular noun.
  5. 5. Use only whena specificlocationfollowsThe wordsarriba andabajo arenever followedby de
  6. 6. Future Tense WillInfintive +é emosásá án Los IrregulresDecir DirHacer HarPoner PonarSalir SaldrTener TendrValer ValdVenir venderPoder PodrQuerer QuerrSaber SabrAll verbs havethe sameendings in thefuture tense.Nosotros llegaremos a las siete.We will arrive at seven.
  7. 7. Possessive Adjectives/PronounsMio(a) nuestro(a)Tuyo(as) vuestro(a)Suyo(a) suyo(a)Mios(as) nuestros(as)Tuyos(as) vuestros(as)Suyos(as) suyos(as)Long form (singular)Long form (plural)Short FormUnlike theshort form,the long formfollows thenoun
  8. 8. Imperfect TenseUse ….. To speak about backgroundevents in a story To talk about something you usedto do as a matter of habit To speak of how old someone was To say what time it was On going actions No beginnings/endings Interrupted action Repeated actionsAba abamosAbasAba abanIa iamosIasIa ianER/IRARSer•Era•eras•era•Eramos•eranIr•Iba•Ibas•Iba•Ibamos•Ibanver•Veia•Veias•Veia•veiamos•veíanOnly 3 IrregularsEran las tres. (It was 3:00)NO STEMCHANGING IN THEIMPERFECT!!!Livia trabajaba en el bancotodos los días. (habit)-Livia worked in the bankeveryday.
  9. 9. ReflexivesMe escondo.I am hiding myself.The subject (yo)and the directobject (me) are thesame person