French Revolution Timeline a of s. 2

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  • French Revolution Timeline a of s. 2

    1. 1. Area of Study 2 5th August 1789 - Sept. 1795
    2. 2. 5-11 Aug - August Decrees - watered down the absolute renunciations made on the night of Aug 4th. Many peasants believed that feudalism had been abolished absolutely, but in fact many of the former seigneurial dues had to be redeemed or paid out. Other feudal taxes were to remain in place until the taxation system could be reformed. Many peasants simply stopped paying taxes from this time!
    3. 3. 20-26th Aug: Discussion and The Declaration of the Rights of Man & Citizen This document was to be called the blue print of the Revolution
    4. 4. 5-6th Oct - March of Women to Versailles - King and family brought back to Paris - the SECOND revolutionary journee
    5. 5. The King was forced to pass the August Decrees and the DRMC, thus the women had ‘saved’ the Revolution once more! But the King argued that from this time on, all his actions were taken under duress and that he was not therefore bound by any of his oaths of allegiance to the Constitution of France. The National Assembly also followed the King to Paris. it felt itself to be answerable to the people of Paris, and indeed, no government could now hold power without the support of Paris.
    6. 6. Reforms introduced by the National Constituent Assembly - The Re-organisation of France 1789-91
    7. 7. 2 Nov - Nationalisation and sale of Church property to float new paper currency - assignats
    8. 8. 2 Nov - Nationalisation and sale of Church property to float new paper currency - assignats 14-19 Dec - Reorganisation of local government - power decentralised to 83 departments - division of ‘active’ & ‘passive’ citizens.
    9. 9. 2 Nov - Nationalisation and sale of Church property to float new paper currency - assignats 14-19 Dec - Reorganisation of local government - power decentralised to 83 departments - division of ‘active’ & ‘passive’ citizens. 19 Dec - First issue of assignats: 100 livre assignats = 100 livre coins. Many merchants & others very dubious of wisdom of issuing paper money. Throughout the Revolution the assignats steadily lost value. By Sept1795 it had fallen to 100 livres assignats = 1.4 livres in coins!
    10. 10. Remodelling of France: Over time 1789-91 - new tax system implemented (1791), free-trade measures introduced - removal of price controls, abolition of tariffs, guilds (1791), single system of weights & measures, state assumed duty of poor relief, new uniform justice system with jury of 12, more humane penal system.
    11. 11. 1790 - May: Decree abolishing King’s right to declare war 19 June: Abolition of nobility 12 July: Civil Constitution of the Clergy - the ‘first major mistake of the Revolution’! It divided the loyalty of the nation: those who supported the State and the Constitutional Church versus those who who supported refractory or non-juring clergy and whose loyalty tot he Revolution was therefore suspect. For many, they felt they had to choose between the Revolution and their religious faith! It was a direct cause of the King’s Flight to Varennes. 27 Nov: Clerical Oath of loyalty to the nation imposed (the next major mistake)
    12. 12. 1790 - May: Decree abolishing King’s right to declare war 19 June: Abolition of nobility 12 July: Civil Constitution of the Clergy - the ‘first major mistake of the Revolution’! It divided the loyalty of the nation: those who supported the State and the Constitutional Church versus those who who supported refractory or non-juring clergy and whose loyalty tot he Revolution was therefore suspect. For many, they felt they had to choose between the Revolution and their religious faith! It was a direct cause of the King’s Flight to Varennes. 27 Nov: Clerical Oath of loyalty to the nation imposed (the next major mistake)
    13. 13. 1791 - April: Death of Mirabeau 20-21 June: Royal Flight to Varennes - King attempted to join emigre armies over the border - promoted by the King’s severe disapproval of the Civil Constitution of the Clergy (CCofC) 25th June: Humiliating return of Royal family to Paris
    14. 14. 1791 - April: Death of Mirabeau 20-21 June: Royal Flight to Varennes - King attempted to join emigre armies over the border - promoted by the King’s severe disapproval of the Civil Constitution of the Clergy (CCofC) 25th June: Humiliating return of Royal family to Paris
    15. 15. 1791 - April: Death of Mirabeau 20-21 June: Royal Flight to Varennes - King attempted to join emigre armies over the border - promoted by the King’s severe disapproval of the Civil Constitution of the Clergy (CCofC) 25th June: Humiliating return of Royal family to Paris
    16. 16. 1791 - April: Death of Mirabeau 20-21 June: Royal Flight to Varennes - King attempted to join emigre armies over the border - promoted by the King’s severe disapproval of the Civil Constitution of the Clergy (CCofC) 25th June: Humiliating return of Royal family to Paris
    17. 17. 1791 - April: Death of Mirabeau 20-21 June: Royal Flight to Varennes - King attempted to join emigre armies over the border - promoted by the King’s severe disapproval of the Civil Constitution of the Clergy (CCofC) 25th June: Humiliating return of Royal family to Paris
    18. 18. Although King demonstrated he was a traitor, the National Constituent Assembly decided to ‘cover up’ and to continue working on the Constitution with the king as its head. 17th July: Champ de Mars Massacre: Bailly, major of Paris and leader of Pais Commune, gave the oder to Lafayette to disperse the crowd gathered to sign petition demanding the removal of King. Troops fired into crowd - deaths. Bailly & Lafayette were discredited with the people. Organisers of petition (Robespierre, Danton, & other) were discredited with the Commune & Assembly. Danton fled, Robespierre moved house & lived very quietly for a period.
    19. 19. 14 Sep: King unwillingly accepted the Constitution of 1791 30 Sep: Final Session of National Constituent Assembly 1 Oct: First session of the Legislative Assembly Although the King had accepted the 1791 Constitution, he attempted over the next twelve months to undemine it by using his power of veto.
    20. 20. LIBERAL BOURGEOIS 1789 - 1791 CONSENSUS 1 May - 27 June 1789 ESTATES GENERAL 27 June 1789 - NATIONAL / 30 Sept 1791 CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY 1 Oct 1791 - LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY 20 Sept 1792 Jul/Aug 1792 - RADICALISATION OF Jul 1794 REVOLUTION 21 Sept 1792 - NATIONAL 26 Oct 1795 CONVENTION 29 Jul 1794 - THERMIDORIAN 26 Oct 1795 REACTION

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