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2 restoration literature

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2 restoration literature

  1. 1. The Age of Enlightenment
  2. 2. Monarchy restored, but power weakened- Britain becomes more democratic King rules by the consent of the people Beginnings of the Industrial Revolution
  3. 3. Great Advances in the Sciences Celebrated the scientific method – believed Man could perfect himself and society Literature of the time very orderly and formed (rhymed couplets, etc)
  4. 4. Emulated Classic styles Frequent references to classics (myths, gods, and heroes) Tried to look at the world objectively Use of Aphorisms (One liners—the equivalent of the “sound byte”) Very fond of Satire
  5. 5.  Age of Dryden  Named for John Dryden  Celebrates Human Achievement  Age of Pope and Swift  Heavy Neoclassic style characterized by Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift  Age of Johnson  Beginnings of a shift toward Romanticism
  6. 6.  The most accomplished poet of the period  Made prose acceptable to literary circles, and helped establish writing as a legitimate career  clear and concise and became the standard against which all other English writers were measured.
  7. 7. His work was a response to the excesses and political upheaval of the restoration. Praised the virtues of order, balance & harmony Poet laureate in 1668
  8. 8.  A single, unified strain of exalted lyrical verse  Deals with ONE theme and praises its value/virtues  Elaborate, dignified and imaginative
  9. 9.  Born into a working class family  Considered the ministry but instead decided on becoming a crappy businessman  Didn’t start writing the novels that made him famous until into his sixties  Was pilloried for political writing
  10. 10.  Wrote two very popular novels (a new form at the time)  Robinson Crusoe and Moll Flanders (both purported to be nonfiction)  Crusoe started a genre  Also wrote a real non fiction account— Journal of the Plague Year
  11. 11.  Was born in Dublin, Ireland  Was a minister in the Church of England  His satirical works ruined his chances to advance in the church  Still remained a staunch supporter of the Anglican faith  Held a great amount of political power in later years- wrote political pamphlets for the government
  12. 12.  Wrote “A Modest Proposal” which championed the Irish cause  His greatest work, Gulliver’s Travels is considered one of the greatest satires in British Literature.
  13. 13.  A work that blends humor and wit for the improvement of human institutions or humanity  Satire is not intended to “tear down” as much as to “inspire remodeling”  Does not attack an individual- it will “pass over a single foe to charge whole armies.”  Satire is subtle enough that the reader must make the inference to what or who is being mocked
  14. 14.  The first English poet to support himself solely by his writing  Being Catholic prevented him from holding public office or getting a wealthy patron  First major work was An Essay on Criticism, which brought him to the attention of the leading literary figures of the time.
  15. 15.  Very frail in health- was less than five feet tall. Was a sharp wit and was a sought after guest  A brilliant satirist-one of his best know works is The Rape of the Lock, one of the greatest Mock Epics in English
  16. 16.  Iambic Pentameter in rhymed pairs  Became a fixed for with Pope and dominated English verse for decades

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