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The suffrage movement

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The suffrage movement

  1. 1. WOMEN ONLY 1903 : The Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) Was founded by Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughters Christabel and Sylvia. To obtain the right to vote for women by any means.
  2. 2. The National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) • The National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) was an American women's rights organization formed in May 1890 as a unification of the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) and the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA). • The NAWSA was the largest and most important suffrage organization in the United States, and was the primary promoter of women's right to vote. • The NAWSA pushed for a constitutional amendment guaranteeing women's voting rights, and was instrumental in winning the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1920.
  3. 3. *The United states *Great Britain - “Women's Social -”National Woman Suffrage and Political Union” (1903). Association” (1890) - February (1918 )women -On August 26, 1920, the 19th over the age of 30 received mendment granted the the right to vote. ballot to American women. -Suffrage rights for men and women were equalized in 1928. • *Other countries -European countries such as Finland (1906), Norway (1913), granted women the vote early in the 20th century. - France waited until 1944 Latin America : 1932 in Brazil 1942 in the Dominican Republic 1946 in Argentina.
  4. 4. The leader of the Women's Suffragette movement, Mrs. Emmeline Pankhurst is arrested by Superintendant Rolfe outside Buckingham Palace, London while trying to present a petition to HM King George V in May 1914. In 1910, Pankhurst led a march on Parliament of more than 300 women. They were met with an aggressive and violent police response - ordered by then-home secretary Winston Churchill - in which officers punched protesters and "pulled on women's breasts"
  5. 5. • The Representation of the People in 1918 extended the vote to all men over 21 and women over 30 who were property owners or graduates voting in a 'university constituency.‘ • The difference between men and women in this law was introduced to prevent men becoming an electoral minority following the huge loss of life in the Great War.
  6. 6. Ratification Of The Nineteenth Amendment • On August 18, 1920, the Tennessee legislature narrowly approved the 19th Amendment. On August 31, the Tennessee House of Representatives voted to rescind their previous vote, but the U.S. Secretary of State had already proclaimed the amendment ratified on August 26. • Women’s right to vote was achieved through the national and local efforts of both the NAWSA and the NWP.
  7. 7. * http://teacher.scholastic.com/activities/suffrage/history.htm *http://www.parliament.uk/about/living- heritage/transformingsociety/electionsvoting/womenvote/overview/startsuffragette-/  Bibliography: Buechler, S. M., Women's Movements in the United States (1990); DuBois, E. C., Feminism and Suffrage(1978); Flanz, G. R., Comparative Women's Rights and Political Participation in Europe (1984); Flexner, E., Century of Struggle: The Woman's Rights Movement in the United States, rev. ed. (1975; repr. 1996); Frost, E., and Cullen-Dupont, K., Women's Suffrage in America (1992); Green, E. C., Southern Strategies: Southern Women and the Woman Suffrage Question (1997); Holton, S., Feminism and Democracy: Women's Suffrage and Reform Politics in Britain, 1900 –1918 (1986); Kraditor, A. S., The Idea of the Woman Suffrage Movement, 1890 –1920 (1965); Pankhurst, Sylvia, The Suffragette Movement (1931; repr. 1971); Smith, Harold L., The British Women's Suffrage Campaign, 1866 –1928 (1998); Solomon, M. M., ed., Voice of Their Own: The Woman Suffrage Press, 1840 –1910(1991); Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, et al., eds., The History of Woman Suffrage, 6 vols. (1881; repr. 1971); Weatherford, Doris, A History of the American Suffragist Movement(1998); Wheeler, M. S., ed., One Woman One Vote: Rediscovering the Woman Suffrage Movement (1995) http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mrs_Emmeline_Pankhurst,_Leader_of_the_Women% 27s_Suffragette_movement,_is_arrested_outside_Buckingham_Palace_while_trying_to_prese nt_a_petition_to_King_George_V_in_May_1914._Q81486.jpg?uselang=es *http://www.historynet.com/womens-suffrage-movement *http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:National_American_Woman_Suffrage_Associa tion *http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Emmett_D._Boyle_of_Nevada_160070v.jpg Sources

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