Writing an effective Poster: the point of view of experts, novices and literature Gisella Paoletti, M. Elisabetta Cigognin...
Aims: <ul><li>Training: how to produce a poster </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulties in planning and production </li></ul><ul><l...
Advice on designing scientific posters Colin Purrington , Department of Biology, Swarthmore College, Pennsylvania A scient...
Intro … <ul><li>WHAT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A scientific poster is a communicative artifact used to describe a research at ...
Intro… <ul><li>WHY </li></ul><ul><li>its  advantages  (and  disadvantages ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For the reader </li></ul...
Advantages (For the reader): <ul><ul><li>Selects  key points and main ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presents  a global ...
Disadvantages <ul><ul><li>Short </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It must be read/discussed in 5 minutes </li></ul></ul></ul>...
Unconfortable The context is crowded, full of competitors, noisy, Visitors are in their coffee break writing a poster
The Visitors.. writing a poster
<ul><li>Visitors have: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a short stay,  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>read headings ...  </li></ul></ul><...
What to do? Is it better to prepare a  well-written poster  or an  effective one ? Both…. writing a poster
Research Plan   <ul><li>Purposes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>is there agreement in the community of researchers (what is a good...
Method  <ul><li>Subjects   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>experts: 10 researchers (at least 3 posters done) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Procedure   <ul><ul><li>Analysis of literature (what is recommended?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selection of guidelines a...
Facilitations: Use of standard templates writing a poster Use of an already published reasearch paper
The principles in 5 areas: writing a poster Areas for instance… Organization of content,  standard structure of scientific...
Our focus points: <ul><ul><li>Effective use of the principles  by a group of students who made a poster.  </li></ul></ul><...
Results:   Effective use: What are the problematic elements in the poster? 1. A surplus of decorative pictures writing a p...
writing a poster
writing a poster
Some of them are ok: <ul><ul><li>Some were able to use effectively pictures and writing principles: </li></ul></ul>writing...
writing a poster
Results (2) <ul><ul><li>Misuse of space  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sequencing problems  </li></ul></ul>writing a poster
writing a poster
writing a poster
writing a poster
writing a poster
<ul><ul><li>More generally, the text is too much </li></ul></ul>writing a poster
writing a poster
2. Which are the factors that experts consider the most important?  <ul><li>Those that students cannot control:  </li></ul...
Conclusion  <ul><ul><li>What principles are shared by all? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Need to know to teach the right things  ...
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Writing an effective Poster: the point of view of experts, novices and literature

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12th International Conference
EARLI SIG on Writing 8-10 September 2010, Heidelberg
Gisella Paoletti, M. Elisabetta Cigognini
Department of Psichology
University of Trieste

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
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  • Figure inutili (bastava quella a sinistra) Non è molto chiara la sequenza Figure piccole Illeggibile (maiuscolo, didascalie illeggibili) verboso
  • Figure inutili Sequenza poco chiara Verboso Usa pero’ il color coding
  • Figure ok,, problemi con lo spazio
  • Figure ok (rispetto al metodo) Problemi con lo spazio e con la sequenza verboso
  • Non usa sequenza tipo, mette grafico nell’introduzione Verboso anche se usa testi per punti
  • Verboso, non si sintetizza Figure che sono esempi, ma qui decorative?
  • Verboso, ma usa figure con proprietà
  • Writing an effective Poster: the point of view of experts, novices and literature

    1. 1. Writing an effective Poster: the point of view of experts, novices and literature Gisella Paoletti, M. Elisabetta Cigognini Department of Psichology Università degli Studi di Trieste writing a poster 12th International Conference EARLI SIG on Writing 8-10 September 2010, Heidelberg
    2. 2. Aims: <ul><li>Training: how to produce a poster </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulties in planning and production </li></ul><ul><li>Data from: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interview to experts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Writing of novices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collected guidelines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.uwsp.edu/psych/mp/APA/apa4b.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.swarthmore.edu/NatSci/cpurrin1/posteradvice.htm </li></ul>writing a poster
    3. 3. Advice on designing scientific posters Colin Purrington , Department of Biology, Swarthmore College, Pennsylvania A scientific poster is a large document that can communicate your research at a scientific meeting, and is composed of a short title, an introduction to your burning question, an overview of your trendy experimental approach, your amazing results, some insightful discussion of aforementioned results, a listing of previously published articles that are important to your research, and some brief acknowledgement of the tremendous assistance and financial support conned from others.., a person could fully read your poster in under 10 minutes. writing a poster
    4. 4. Intro … <ul><li>WHAT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A scientific poster is a communicative artifact used to describe a research at a conference/scientific meeting. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is a multimedia which uses words and pictures, organizes its content in a conventional structure. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is usually supplemented by an oral presentation. </li></ul></ul>writing a poster
    5. 5. Intro… <ul><li>WHY </li></ul><ul><li>its advantages (and disadvantages ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For the reader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For the writer </li></ul></ul>writing a poster
    6. 6. Advantages (For the reader): <ul><ul><li>Selects key points and main ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presents a global overview </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remains during the presentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>understanding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to save cognitive resources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to detect consistency and coherence </li></ul></ul></ul>writing a poster
    7. 7. Disadvantages <ul><ul><li>Short </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It must be read/discussed in 5 minutes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unconfortable context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… less appreciated (?) </li></ul></ul>writing a poster For the writer and the reader
    8. 8. Unconfortable The context is crowded, full of competitors, noisy, Visitors are in their coffee break writing a poster
    9. 9. The Visitors.. writing a poster
    10. 10. <ul><li>Visitors have: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a short stay, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>read headings ... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>if interested stop for a while, and read 1) research topic, 2) membership ... 3) the results ... 4) bibliography ... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3, 4 minutes are gone </li></ul></ul>writing a poster
    11. 11. What to do? Is it better to prepare a well-written poster or an effective one ? Both…. writing a poster
    12. 12. Research Plan <ul><li>Purposes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>is there agreement in the community of researchers (what is a good poster)? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to teach novices to design this communication tool </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exploratory phase, preliminary results </li></ul>writing a poster
    13. 13. Method <ul><li>Subjects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>experts: 10 researchers (at least 3 posters done) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>novices: 27 students working in group </li></ul></ul>writing a poster
    14. 14. Procedure <ul><ul><li>Analysis of literature (what is recommended?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selection of guidelines and directions (pet ideas) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training session (lectures to introduce guidelines, trip to a poster session, group work) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Poster production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interviews to experts </li></ul></ul>writing a poster
    15. 15. Facilitations: Use of standard templates writing a poster Use of an already published reasearch paper
    16. 16. The principles in 5 areas: writing a poster Areas for instance… Organization of content, standard structure of scientific writing (Intro, method..) Format / layout readability of fonts, number of words Effective comunication Does it give an idea of the contents in 60 seconds? Does it manage to single out the main idea? Monitoring and revision Cycles of monitoring and revision from peers.. Use of visual information to support the text Effective use of pictures, charts and graphs
    17. 17. Our focus points: <ul><ul><li>Effective use of the principles by a group of students who made a poster. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is it that easy? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agreement of experts on the principles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>commonly given suggestions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>if the research community does not agree, debate should be made openly </li></ul></ul></ul>writing a poster
    18. 18. Results: Effective use: What are the problematic elements in the poster? 1. A surplus of decorative pictures writing a poster
    19. 19. writing a poster
    20. 20. writing a poster
    21. 21. Some of them are ok: <ul><ul><li>Some were able to use effectively pictures and writing principles: </li></ul></ul>writing a poster
    22. 22. writing a poster
    23. 23. Results (2) <ul><ul><li>Misuse of space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sequencing problems </li></ul></ul>writing a poster
    24. 24. writing a poster
    25. 25. writing a poster
    26. 26. writing a poster
    27. 27. writing a poster
    28. 28. <ul><ul><li>More generally, the text is too much </li></ul></ul>writing a poster
    29. 29. writing a poster
    30. 30. 2. Which are the factors that experts consider the most important? <ul><li>Those that students cannot control: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lenght of text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Readability - use of large fonts - selection of important information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No decorative pictures… </li></ul></ul>writing a poster
    31. 31. Conclusion <ul><ul><li>What principles are shared by all? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Need to know to teach the right things </li></ul><ul><li>… we criticize the young subjects, but similar problems also come in expert writers’ posters! </li></ul>writing a poster

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