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MINORITIES
322 million inhabitants
Hispanics and Caribbeans
Hispanics and Caribbeans
Hispanics and Caribbeans
•The fastest growing minority today (more
than 12.5% of the American population.
•Mexicans Puerto...
Hispanics
Cubans
• Anti-communist Cubans of the first wave:
Asylum seekers and political refugees.
Hispanics
Puerto Ricans
• Recruitment of Puerto
Rican workers facilitated by
their citizenship status and
the rapid expans...
Hispanics
Mexicans
• Up to the 1960’s Mexican
Americans were mainly
agricultural workers .
Largest immigrant group
motivat...
Heterogeneous Socio-Economic Profile
• First Cuban immigrants: most successful
Hispanics as most of them skilled
professio...
Hispanics
Common cultural features
• Linguistically: Spanish is the most widely spoken
foreign language in the US
• Religi...
Patterns of integration
• Many Hispanics do not wish to apply for American
citizenship
• Some never learn English. (US: 5t...
Asian Americans
ASIANS
•Before Chinese exclusion act
(1882) , many Chinese came
to the west to build railroads,
work in gold mines or as
d...
Work Ethics
They share similarities:
• Excellent academic achievements
• Spectacular assimilation.
• Integrate well, learn...
Confucian view of the world
Confucius a Chinese teacher,
editor, politician, and philosopher
His principles: strong family...
Confucian view of the world
• The reasons for success are cultural:
high premium on education, discipline and
strong famil...
American Indians/
Native Americans
• 2 million American Indians
• 500 different tribes: Cherokees, Navajos,
Sioux, Chippew...
A history of struggle
• Native Americans were slaughtered in the 18th
and 19th century by frontiersmen
• Whites disregarde...
Contradictory policies
• Elimination by military means (the battles of
little Big Horn 1876 and Wounded Knee,
1890);
• Ass...
Precarious conditions
• Predominantly rural population living below the
poverty line outside the mainstream of American
so...
Assimilation
• Today, between the need to adapt to modern
American society and to keep their identity
and tribal customs.
...
Assimilation
• This is Tom Torlino. He attended a special boarding
school for Native American students. Here he is both
be...
THE END
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Ethnic Minorities in America 2016

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This lecture deals with all ethnic minorities in America excpet African Americans which have been dealt with in the previsous lecture. The focus here is on Hispanics, Asians and Native Americans.

Ethnic Minorities in America 2016

  1. 1. MINORITIES
  2. 2. 322 million inhabitants
  3. 3. Hispanics and Caribbeans
  4. 4. Hispanics and Caribbeans
  5. 5. Hispanics and Caribbeans •The fastest growing minority today (more than 12.5% of the American population. •Mexicans Puerto-Ricans and Cubans (20 different countries)
  6. 6. Hispanics Cubans • Anti-communist Cubans of the first wave: Asylum seekers and political refugees.
  7. 7. Hispanics Puerto Ricans • Recruitment of Puerto Rican workers facilitated by their citizenship status and the rapid expansion of commercial air traffic routes connecting Puerto Rico to the United States. Most Puerto Ricans were looking for better economic opportunities
  8. 8. Hispanics Mexicans • Up to the 1960’s Mexican Americans were mainly agricultural workers . Largest immigrant group motivated by labor demands in the United States and political unrest in Mexico
  9. 9. Heterogeneous Socio-Economic Profile • First Cuban immigrants: most successful Hispanics as most of them skilled professionals & managers • Puerto Ricans disadvantaged in education (worse situation than African Americans) • Mexican Americans stand in between.
  10. 10. Hispanics Common cultural features • Linguistically: Spanish is the most widely spoken foreign language in the US • Religiously overwhelmingly Roman Catholic • Geographically: most live in the Sunbelt States (50% in California and Florida) • Socially: They have more stable family structures (70% of household headed by married couple) & higher birth rate (18% more than 3 children) • Professionally: Majority belongs to the working class. Jobs in agriculture and textile industries, catering and domestic work. • Illegals => many work in the Underground economy.
  11. 11. Patterns of integration • Many Hispanics do not wish to apply for American citizenship • Some never learn English. (US: 5th Spanish speaking country worldwide). • Retain an exile mentality. Cubans who fled Fidel Castro in the 60’s never expected to remain in the US. • Many Mexican-Americans do not regard themselves as immigrants but feel they are settling on a territory that formerly was theirs. • Hold on to their language and traditions, said to be building a “nation within the nation.”
  12. 12. Asian Americans
  13. 13. ASIANS •Before Chinese exclusion act (1882) , many Chinese came to the west to build railroads, work in gold mines or as domestic servants. •They are Chinese, Filipinos, Japanese, Koreans, Vietnamese + Refugees from Laos Cambodia Thailand and India.
  14. 14. Work Ethics They share similarities: • Excellent academic achievements • Spectacular assimilation. • Integrate well, learn English quickly • Ask for American citizenship. • often outperform whites at school and university especially in science: 30% of Berkley students, 20% of MIT and 15% of Harvard and Stanford.
  15. 15. Confucian view of the world Confucius a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher His principles: strong family loyalty, respect of elders and the cultivation of knowledge. “It does not matter how slowly you go so long as you do not stop.” “Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall.”
  16. 16. Confucian view of the world • The reasons for success are cultural: high premium on education, discipline and strong family ties. Asians therefore fully embrace the American work ethic and competitive spirit. • The success of this “model minority” generates animosity among whites and other minority groups. As in Los Angeles riots of 1992 • Disguised discrimination: universities accused of imposing quotas to curb Asian presence.
  17. 17. American Indians/ Native Americans • 2 million American Indians • 500 different tribes: Cherokees, Navajos, Sioux, Chippewa’s, Choctaw, Pueblos, Apaches, Iroquois, Lumbees, Creeks • Most of them live in the Southwest (Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Utah and Nevada) • Often live in reservations (100).
  18. 18. A history of struggle • Native Americans were slaughtered in the 18th and 19th century by frontiersmen • Whites disregarded treaties signed between Washington and various tribes. • Those that did not die in the battles were moved to reservations.
  19. 19. Contradictory policies • Elimination by military means (the battles of little Big Horn 1876 and Wounded Knee, 1890); • Assimilation as with the Indian reorganization Act in 1934. • All Indians were granted citizenship only in 1924
  20. 20. Precarious conditions • Predominantly rural population living below the poverty line outside the mainstream of American society. • High unemployment rate. • Work in low-skill, low-wage branches. Others live off their local crafts. • many social ills: inadequate housing, disease, poor schooling and health and a high rate of alcoholism and suicide especially among the young.
  21. 21. Assimilation • Today, between the need to adapt to modern American society and to keep their identity and tribal customs. • These are the goals of the National Congress of American Indians (1944) and the National Indian Youth Council (1961) both of which refuse assimilation.
  22. 22. Assimilation • This is Tom Torlino. He attended a special boarding school for Native American students. Here he is both before and after his time at the school.
  23. 23. THE END
  • FidaMuhha

    Apr. 2, 2018
  • rihabat

    Mar. 6, 2017

This lecture deals with all ethnic minorities in America excpet African Americans which have been dealt with in the previsous lecture. The focus here is on Hispanics, Asians and Native Americans.

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