Unit: (5)<br />..Pain..<br />
Vocabulary & Terms<br /><ul><li>Pain(n):                                                                                  ...
anguish especially mental</li></ul>Fingertip(n): <br />The end of the finger.<br />
forehead(n):<br />The part of the face above the eyebrows <br />and below the hairline.<br /><ul><li>Palm(n):
The inner and somewhat concave part of the human hand</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>*Upper arm (n):
The section of an arm from the elbow to the shoulder.</li></ul>*Unbearable (adj):                                         ...
* Migraine(n):<br />A severe headache, usually affecting only one side of the head, and often .accompanied by nausea, vomi...
* Heal(n):                                                                                                                ...
* Hypnosis(n):<br />State like deep sleep  when someone's mind <br />& action can controlled by another person.<br />* Sta...
* Acupuncture (n):<br />A way of treating or stopping pain by putting                                          thin needle...
* Mild(adj): Not strong .<br />* Bladder(n):The part of the body where                                                    ...
<ul><li>Severe(adj):</li></ul>Causing unpleasant feeling.<br /><ul><li>* Infection(n): </li></ul>A disease or illness that...
Back Ground<br />What is the Pain?!<br />Pain is an essential survival mechanism, for it warns <br />us that something is ...
Types of Pain.. <br />1- Acute:is a short-time pain<br />e.g. when you cut your self it’ll heal & goes in a short time<br ...
3- Referred : <br />pain that is felt in a different part of the body from where the pain is caused<br />e.g.when someone ...
Kinds of Pain..<br />1/ A throbbing pain:<br />comes and goes rhythmically.<br />2/ A sharp pain: <br />is strong and sudd...
5/ A shooting pain :<br />travels fast along part of your body.<br />6/ A dull pain : <br />is steady and not too painful....
Levels of Pain..<br />How many times the pain occurs ? Frequency of pain))<br />Occasional / frequent / constant<br />
Pain scales ..<br />
Method of assessing pain :<br />McGill pain Questionnaire:<br />    Consist of a list of adjectives which the patient choo...
A numerical scale :<br />. ( 0 means no pain & 10 is the worst pain you can imagine )<br />
The verbal pain scale:<br />Uses verbal lines in colours ranging from light blue ( no pain ) to bright red ( sever pain )....
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Pain

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Pain

  1. 1. Unit: (5)<br />..Pain..<br />
  2. 2. Vocabulary & Terms<br /><ul><li>Pain(n): The condition of suffering or 
  3. 3. anguish especially mental</li></ul>Fingertip(n): <br />The end of the finger.<br />
  4. 4. forehead(n):<br />The part of the face above the eyebrows <br />and below the hairline.<br /><ul><li>Palm(n):
  5. 5. The inner and somewhat concave part of the human hand</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>*Upper arm (n):
  6. 6. The section of an arm from the elbow to the shoulder.</li></ul>*Unbearable (adj): <br />so unpleasant or painful.<br />
  7. 7. * Migraine(n):<br />A severe headache, usually affecting only one side of the head, and often .accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and visual disturbances<br />*Analgesics(n): <br />Any medicine, such as aspirin, that reduces pain without inducing unconsciousness.<br />
  8. 8. * Heal(n): To become healthy again.<br />* Relieve(v): <br />Make an unpleasant situation better .<br />e.g. This injection should relieve the pain.<br />
  9. 9. * Hypnosis(n):<br />State like deep sleep when someone's mind <br />& action can controlled by another person.<br />* Stabbing(adj): <br />(used about a pain ) sudden & strong<br />e.g. when you feel like someone push a knife into you.<br />
  10. 10. * Acupuncture (n):<br />A way of treating or stopping pain by putting thin needles into part of the body. <br />* Throbbing(v):<br />To beat strongly<br />
  11. 11. * Mild(adj): Not strong .<br />* Bladder(n):The part of the body where waste liquid (urine) collects before leaving the body.<br />
  12. 12. <ul><li>Severe(adj):</li></ul>Causing unpleasant feeling.<br /><ul><li>* Infection(n): </li></ul>A disease or illness that’s caused by germs. <br />* Diaphragm(n): The muscle between <br /> your lung & stomach That help you to breath.<br />
  13. 13. Back Ground<br />What is the Pain?!<br />Pain is an essential survival mechanism, for it warns <br />us that something is wrong.<br />
  14. 14. Types of Pain.. <br />1- Acute:is a short-time pain<br />e.g. when you cut your self it’ll heal & goes in a short time<br />2- Chronic : <br />is a long-time pain.<br />e.g. like someone who has a Rheumatism<br />
  15. 15. 3- Referred : <br />pain that is felt in a different part of the body from where the pain is caused<br />e.g.when someone feels a heart attack, he feels pain in their left shoulder, arm or hand<br />4- Neuropathic: <br />damage to the remaining nerves.<br />e.g.when someone amputate a limb he still feels pain in that place  <br />
  16. 16. Kinds of Pain..<br />1/ A throbbing pain:<br />comes and goes rhythmically.<br />2/ A sharp pain: <br />is strong and sudden.<br />3/ A burning pain:<br />feels like fire.<br />4/ A stabbing pain :<br />feels like something sharp is stuck into you.<br />
  17. 17. 5/ A shooting pain :<br />travels fast along part of your body.<br />6/ A dull pain : <br />is steady and not too painful.<br />7/ A gnawing pain :<br />feels like it's eating you.<br />8/ A cramping pain :<br />feels like a muscle is being squszed.<br />
  18. 18. Levels of Pain..<br />How many times the pain occurs ? Frequency of pain))<br />Occasional / frequent / constant<br />
  19. 19. Pain scales ..<br />
  20. 20. Method of assessing pain :<br />McGill pain Questionnaire:<br /> Consist of a list of adjectives which the patient chooses from to describe their pain.<br />
  21. 21. A numerical scale :<br />. ( 0 means no pain & 10 is the worst pain you can imagine )<br />
  22. 22. The verbal pain scale:<br />Uses verbal lines in colours ranging from light blue ( no pain ) to bright red ( sever pain ). <br />
  23. 23. How to treat pain..?<br />* 1-we instinctively deal with pain by rubbing the part that hurts. This suggests to scientists that stimulating touch signals closes a ( gate ) to <br />pain signals.<br />Physiotherapy & acupuncture take advantage of this phenomenon.<br />* 2-The gate can also be shut by the release of pain-relieving opioids, either produced naturally by the body. <br />Or introduced artificially in the form of analgesics like Aspirin & Morphine.<br />* 3-Psychological stress can temporarily shut off pain too , <br />e.g. footballer may continue to play despite injury & a soldier continue to fight despite wounds.<br />
  24. 24. Laboratory Medicine<br />(9)<br />Presented by :<br />Elham Aqeel.<br />Bashair Al-Thbiti.<br />Supervised by :<br />Tr: NisreenYamany<br />

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