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Food and farming by manu


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Food and farming by manu

  1. 1. Globalization Food and farming Manu Baumann
  2. 2. 1. Introduction <ul><li>Today it is possible to eat fresh food every day everywhere in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Big business has grown (food industry) </li></ul><ul><li>benefit – problem </li></ul><ul><li>LEDCs = less developed countries </li></ul><ul><li>MEDCs = economically developed countries </li></ul>
  3. 3. in LECDs
  4. 4. in MEDCs
  5. 5. 2. The problem of food-miles <ul><li>Have you ever thought how far your food has travelled before you eat it? </li></ul><ul><li>Distance of travel = Food-miles </li></ul><ul><li>We can reduce food-miles </li></ul><ul><li>by eating local food </li></ul>
  6. 6. 3. Staple food <ul><li>When you buy a loaf of bread, the wheat in it could have come from any of the wheat producing countries: </li></ul>
  7. 7. 4. Supply and Demand <ul><li>When the demand for food is greater then the supply from farmers, the price is higher. </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of the farmers from price variations by the governments </li></ul>
  8. 8. 5. Globalization and Free Trade <ul><li>Early trade was local; still is today in LEDCs </li></ul><ul><li>Trade gradually expanded as the population of Europe grew </li></ul><ul><li>Europe became dependent on import of food (up to World War II) </li></ul><ul><li>Governments created different types of incentives and barriers: </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Tariffs: when a food product is imported a tariff is paid to the government </li></ul><ul><li>Import quotas: the government regulates the quantity of import </li></ul><ul><li>Subsidies: the government pays the farmer for growing specific crops </li></ul>
  10. 10. Discussion Point: We should ask ourselves if food and farming companies have too much power in the local marketplace?
  11. 11. Thank you for listening Any questions?