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Air Traffic Control and Nav Aids

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Air Traffic Control and Nav Aids

  1. 1. Air Traffic Control Air Navigation Emmanuel FUCHS THALES ATM
  2. 2. Air Traffic Management
  3. 3. Airways Route Corridor Military Area Military Area Military Area Military Area
  4. 4. Airways Route Corridor Military Area Military Area Military Area Military Area
  5. 5. Corridor <ul><li>Flying at 900 Km/h in a corridor is like driving a Ferrari at a speed of 200 km/h on highway with a black windscreen. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Corridor Horizontal Separation Vertical Separation
  7. 7. Highway Analogy : inserting traffic
  8. 8. Highway Analogy : inserting traffic
  9. 9. Navigation Surveillance
  10. 10. Navigation : AIR Railway track Navigation Aids
  11. 12. Airways and NDB Route Corridor Military Area Military Area Military Area Military Area NDB NDB NDB NDB NDB NDB
  12. 13. Direction Finder (NDB) 6 3 12 15 21 24 N S E W 30 33
  13. 14. Direction Finder (NDB) 6 3 12 15 21 24 N S E W 30 33 NDB
  14. 15. Direction Finder (NDB) 6 3 12 15 21 24 N S E W 30 33 NDB
  15. 17. VOR (VHF Omni Range)  = 0°   = 90°  = 270° VOR/DME VOR
  16. 18. VOR
  17. 19. VOR Radial 0° 10° 20° 30° 40° 50° 60° 70° 80° 90° 100° 110° 120° 130° 140° 150° 160° 170° 180° 190° 200° 210° 220° 230° 240° 250° 260° 270° 280° 290° 300° 310° 320° 330° 340° 350° Radial 180 Radial 230 Radial 110 Radial 50
  18. 20. VOR Radial vs Course 0° 10° 20° 30° 40° 50° 60° 70° 80° 90° 100° 110° 120° 130° 140° 150° 160° 170° 180° 190° 200° 210° 220° 230° 240° 250° 260° 270° 280° 290° 300° 310° 320° 330° 340° 350° Radial 230 Radial 50   Heading 50°, inbound on the 230 radial Heading 50°, inbound on the 50 radial VOR/DME
  19. 21. VOR Receiver TO Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) TO/FROM Indicator (CDI) Flags Course Selector Omni-Bearing Selector (OBS) 6 3 12 15 21 24 N S E W 30 33 OBS
  20. 22. CDI deviations 180° N 360° OBS = 360 VOR/DME
  21. 23. CDI deviations and TO/FROM indications 180° N 360° Course OBS = 360° TO VOR/DME
  22. 24. CDI deviations and TO/FROM indications FROM 180° N 360° Course OBS = 360° VOR/DME
  23. 25. CDI deviations Course OBS = 30 180° N 360° TO
  24. 26. CDI deviations TO Course OBS = 30 180° N 360° VOR/DME
  25. 27. CDI deviations 330 TO 270 FROM 180° N 360° VOR/DME
  26. 29. DME (Distance Measuring Equipment) Distance NM Speed KT Time Mn DME 3.0 136 1
  27. 30. NAVAIDS : En-route Applications VOR with DME NDB VOR with DME
  28. 32. RNAV with VOR (VHF Omni Range) and DME (Distance Measuring Equipment) Vor/Dme 1 Vor/DME 2 D2’ D1’ A2’ A1’ Heading
  29. 33. RNAV with VOR (VHF Omni Range) and DME (Distance Measuring Equipment) Vor/Dme 1 Vor/DME 2 D2’’ D1’’ A2’’ A1 A1’’ Heading
  30. 34. RNAV with VOR (VHF Omni Range) and DME (Distance Measuring Equipment) Vor/Dme 1 Vor/DME 2 D2 D1 Heading
  31. 35. RNAV with VOR (VHF Omni Range) and DME (Distance Measuring Equipment) Vor/Dme 1 Vor/DME 2 D2’ D1’ North
  32. 36. Airways and VOR/DME Route Corridor Military Area Military Area Military Area Military Area VOR/DME VOR/DME VOR/DME VOR/DME VOR/DME VOR/DME
  33. 37. RNAV : VORTAC   WayPoint
  34. 39. ILS : Instrument Landing System Glide Path ILS ILS GP ILS Localizer ILS
  35. 40. ILS receptor (like VOR) Glide Path indicator Localizer indicator O M I
  36. 41. Glide slope Needle
  37. 42. ILS Localizer needle
  38. 43. ILS Marker Beacon <ul><li>Outer Marker : OM </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Marker : MM </li></ul><ul><li>Inner Marker : IM </li></ul>OM MM IM O M I
  39. 44. ILS Marker Compass Locator NDB
  40. 45. ILS ground equipments ILS-LOC NDB VOR/DME ILS-GS
  41. 46. ILS ground equipments ILS-LOC ILS Marker (OM/MM) VOR/DME ILS-GS DME ILS GlideSlope
  42. 47. VOR Course
  43. 48. ILS Localizer
  44. 49. ILS vs VOR deviation
  45. 50. NAVAIDS : Approach ILS-GP DVOR/TACAN NDB Marker GBAS Solar-powered VOR DME ILS-LOC MLS MAGS VOR
  46. 52. INS : Inertial Navigation System and Oceanic Control 60 NM FL = 280 - 370 Report each 10 ° 14 h 00 (GMT) 8 h 00 (GMT) Separation = 10 mn
  47. 54. Satellite Navigation
  48. 55. Satellite Navigation
  49. 57. Flight Plan <ul><li>Roissy Charles de Gaulle : LFPG </li></ul><ul><li>ORLY : LFPO </li></ul>
  50. 58. Airport Chart : LFPG
  51. 59. Airport Chart : LFPO
  52. 60. Approach Charts
  53. 61. ILS profile
  54. 62. Departure Charts
  55. 63. Flight Plan <ul><li>LFPG: runway 9, Heading 89° </li></ul><ul><li>LFPO: runway 26, Heading 258°, ILS 111.75 MHz, NDB 349 KHz </li></ul><ul><li>LPPO: VOR 111,2 MHz </li></ul><ul><li>Coulommiers, VOR 112,9 MHz </li></ul>
  56. 64. The route LFPG CLM NDB VOR VOR LFPO 9L 25 PARIS 258 NDB
  57. 65. The Cockpit
  58. 67. FMS : Flight Management System
  59. 68. FMS : Flight Management System
  60. 69. FMS : Flight Management System
  61. 70. FMS : Flight Management System

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