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Back to the apples
and oranges
A note on format
Format the body of your
compare and contrast essay
in one of several ways
You can compare and contrast
different elements of each
subject in each paragraph.

This is also called “point by
point” comparison and contrast.
Example 1:

• (Compare) Apples and oranges are both tree fruits often
grown commercially in large orchards. (Contrast)
However, apples grow in every climate and oranges
need tropical temperatures to produce fruit.
• (compare) Although both fruits can be juiced, (contrast)
apples are pressed and only the juice is bottled while
both pulp and juice is squeezed from oranges.
• (Compare) Again, while fruit sauce is made from both
apples and oranges, usually applesauce comes from
the pared and pureed apple (contrast) while orange
sauce may contain both the rind and the pulp of the
orange.
• You can use one paragraph to
discuss one subject.
• The second paragraph to discuss
the other and,

• the final paragraph of the body to
compare and contrast the two
subjects.
Example 2:
1. Apples are a tree fruit that is often grown commercially in
large orchards. As well as eaten from the tree, apples are
also both pressed into apple juice or pureed and processed
into applesauce.
1. Oranges are also a tree fruit, often grown commercially in
large orchards. Like apples, they can be eaten from the tree,
squeezed into juices or processed into orange sauce.
2. (Compare and contrast points discussed in paragraphs one
and two.) One big difference between apples and oranges is
the way they are processed. Notice that while apples are
pressed for juice, orange juice is squeezed from the orange.
Another difference is that while apple juice contains only the
liquid pressed from the apple, orange juice may also contain
the pulp from the orange. Although applesauce contains the
pureed pulp of the pared apple, orange sauce may contain
bits of orange rind as well as the pulp of the fruit.
You can also limit your essay to discuss
only one similarity and one difference
between the two subjects.
You can structure you essay to
compare only similarities or to
contrast only differences between
your two subjects.
Note:
To avoid confusing your reader, it’s best to follow the
same order of representation in each paragraph.
For instance, in example one notice that the order is:
• subject one (apples,) comparison, and then
contrast, followed by subject two (oranges,)
comparison, and then contrast.
You may want to try a couple of different
formats for your topic in order to choose
which best suits your subject.
In addition, using appropriate transitions
between paragraphs is very important in
writing the compare and contrast essay.
Transitions help your essay flow smoothly
from point to point yet keep your essay on
topic.
Cue words
Another technique in writing the compare
and contrast essay is to use cue words that
link one paragraph to the next.
Cue words are clues to whether you are
comparing your subjects or contrasting them
and make it easier for your reader to
understand your points.
Cue words
Differences
• On the other hand
• However
• But
• Although
• Unlike
• While

Similarities
• Is similar to
• Both
• Also
• Too
• As well
• Like
Like in any essay, finish your essay
by summarizing the points you
made in the body.
Tell them what you have told them.
Example
Although each is a commercially grown tree fruit,
growing temperatures and differences in processing
apples and oranges clearly makes a distinction
between the two fruits.

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Compare and contrast

  • 1. Back to the apples and oranges A note on format
  • 2. Format the body of your compare and contrast essay in one of several ways
  • 3. You can compare and contrast different elements of each subject in each paragraph. This is also called “point by point” comparison and contrast.
  • 4. Example 1: • (Compare) Apples and oranges are both tree fruits often grown commercially in large orchards. (Contrast) However, apples grow in every climate and oranges need tropical temperatures to produce fruit. • (compare) Although both fruits can be juiced, (contrast) apples are pressed and only the juice is bottled while both pulp and juice is squeezed from oranges. • (Compare) Again, while fruit sauce is made from both apples and oranges, usually applesauce comes from the pared and pureed apple (contrast) while orange sauce may contain both the rind and the pulp of the orange.
  • 5. • You can use one paragraph to discuss one subject. • The second paragraph to discuss the other and, • the final paragraph of the body to compare and contrast the two subjects.
  • 6. Example 2: 1. Apples are a tree fruit that is often grown commercially in large orchards. As well as eaten from the tree, apples are also both pressed into apple juice or pureed and processed into applesauce. 1. Oranges are also a tree fruit, often grown commercially in large orchards. Like apples, they can be eaten from the tree, squeezed into juices or processed into orange sauce. 2. (Compare and contrast points discussed in paragraphs one and two.) One big difference between apples and oranges is the way they are processed. Notice that while apples are pressed for juice, orange juice is squeezed from the orange. Another difference is that while apple juice contains only the liquid pressed from the apple, orange juice may also contain the pulp from the orange. Although applesauce contains the pureed pulp of the pared apple, orange sauce may contain bits of orange rind as well as the pulp of the fruit.
  • 7. You can also limit your essay to discuss only one similarity and one difference between the two subjects.
  • 8. You can structure you essay to compare only similarities or to contrast only differences between your two subjects.
  • 9. Note: To avoid confusing your reader, it’s best to follow the same order of representation in each paragraph. For instance, in example one notice that the order is: • subject one (apples,) comparison, and then contrast, followed by subject two (oranges,) comparison, and then contrast.
  • 10. You may want to try a couple of different formats for your topic in order to choose which best suits your subject. In addition, using appropriate transitions between paragraphs is very important in writing the compare and contrast essay. Transitions help your essay flow smoothly from point to point yet keep your essay on topic.
  • 11. Cue words Another technique in writing the compare and contrast essay is to use cue words that link one paragraph to the next. Cue words are clues to whether you are comparing your subjects or contrasting them and make it easier for your reader to understand your points.
  • 12. Cue words Differences • On the other hand • However • But • Although • Unlike • While Similarities • Is similar to • Both • Also • Too • As well • Like
  • 13. Like in any essay, finish your essay by summarizing the points you made in the body. Tell them what you have told them.
  • 14. Example Although each is a commercially grown tree fruit, growing temperatures and differences in processing apples and oranges clearly makes a distinction between the two fruits.