WES 2014 - Minority Education- Opportunities and Challenges - Dr. Fakhrudheen Muhammed, Secretary, Muslim Educational Social & Cultural Organisation, Hyderabad
P R E S E N T E D B Y
D R . F A K H R U D D I N M O H A M M E D
H O N O R A R Y S E C R E T A R Y
M U S L I M E D U C A T I O N A L S O C I A L & C U L T U R A L
O R G A N I S A T I O N , ( M E S C O )
H Y D E R A B A D
Minority Education : Opportunities and Challenges
World Education Summit, 2014
dated : 7th August, 2014
Venue : Hotel Eros, Nehru Place, New Delhi
• Education, as a prime mover in facilitating social and
economic development is well understood by all and needs
no further emphasis.
• It plays an important role in building of the Nation and is
instrumental in bringing about a change in the society as a
• For quality improvement in education of mass, every
citizen has to be covered, without any disparity between
the haves and the have-nots, the rural and the urban, the
linguistic & geographical regions and more importantly
between the genders.
Although the educational system has undergone a unique
transformation from elitist to an egalitarian and all sections
of the population have gained as a result of the enlargement
of the education system, the disparities between the
disadvantaged groups viz., minorities have continued.
Despite certain measures taken by successive Governments,
minority community consistently been lagged behind on the
front of education, employment, political representation and
socio-economic development. Government of India therefore
attaches highest importance to all round participatory
development and inclusive growth of minority communities of
India, particularly Muslims, which share a major portion of
CHALLENGES BEING FACED BY MINORITIES
Education : Although Islam encourages Muslims to acquire
knowledge as assiduously as they can the Muslim world is
falling behind many other countries in education, and the data
is not pretty. This is an unfortunate turn of events in the
knowledge economy because this increasing educational crisis
condemns future generations to backwardness and other
spiritual, social, economic and political ills.
Educational deprivation of Muslims have both qualitative and
quantitative dimensions. They are at the double
disadvantages with low level of educ
ation combined with low quality education. This is due to lack
of research work, non implementation of recommendations
given by previous commission and committees and less
commitment of the government towards development of
minorities in general and Muslim education in particular.
Factors responsible for backwardness in Education
The one great factor responsible of the fall of Muslims in
India was their neglect of the right type of education. We
have to make the word "right type". It is not that they
remained uneducated all through, but they failed to keep
pace with the trend of advance else where in the realm of
education. They failed to understand that knowledge
should not remain knowledge as such, but it should be
transformed into skill, wisdom modern terms is technology,
and technology in its turn should integrate with culture.
They failed to observe that knowledge through skill,
wisdom and understanding bestows on man the power to
move towards his destiny which is the quest for higher
objectives of life. They forgot the point that unapplied
knowledge is knowledge shorn of all meaning and hence it
is no knowledge at all.
Therefore, the main issue that is impeding the progress of
Muslim is “ education.”
• Another factor acting as the stumbling block in our
progress is our psychology. It is the perception of a
Muslim that they are being discriminated in all spheres
of competitive life against their counterparts. With this
feeling they are not able to excel beyond the level of their
competitive counterparts and remain at the un-
important position where they cannot assert or exercise
their authority and skills that have developed.
• Another important challenge of the Muslim community is
lack of representation in various services under the control
of govt. of India. Inspite of the fact that the constitution of
India provides equal opportunities to all irrespective of any
discrimination on the basis of the religion etc., the number
of Muslims recruited to various services have never been
Minority Institutions face stiff challenges in keeping
pace with the rapid changes and opportunities
presented by information technology.
The two primary challenges in meeting technology
goals by the institutions were limitation in funding and
inadequate staffing to maintain and operate
CHALLENGES FACED BY MINORITY
The Muslim Managed Schools are far below the ideal or
expected level of institutions. On the whole, they are run by
members of a backward community and in a backward
milieu and manner.
There is hardly any data-based research report regarding
the physical and academic condition of schools in the
localities largely inhabited by Muslims.
CHALLENGES FACED BY MINORITY
• There has been no comprehensive survey on enrolment,
dropout rate and learning achievement of Muslim
Children in two kinds of schooling systems- Madarsah
• Scant information in published form is available
regarding Muslim Youths’ overall access to higher
education opportunities, participation in professional
education, absorption in the employment market and
future life accomplishments.
CHALLENGES FACED BY MINORITY
The major problem being faced by the minority institutions
is due to non release of funds by the government, because
of which the managements had to face severe resource
crunch resulting in withholding of salaries of staff for
couple of months. Some managements are reeling under
The Government has taken various steps to improve
socio-economic and educational status of minority
communities in the country through Prime Minister’s
New 15 Point Programme for the Welfare of Minorities,
which is an overarching programme covering various
schemes/initiatives of different Ministries/Departments
by either earmarking 15% of targets/outlays for the
minorities or specific monitoring of flow of
benefits/funds to minorities or areas with substantial
OPPORTUNITIES FOR EDUCATIONAL
ADVANCEMENT OF MINORITIES
The programme is being implemented with the objectives
enhancing opportunities for education of minorities,
ensuring equitable share for minorities in economic
activities and employment,
Improving the condition of living of minorities &
Preventing and controlling the communal disharmony.
The steps taken to improve socio-economic and
educational status of minorities are as under:
EDUCATION: For the educational empowerment of
minorities, the Ministry of Minority Affairs is
implementing three scholarship schemes, namely:
Merit-cum-means Based Scholarship Schemes
covering students from Class I to Ph.D.
In addition, the Ministry is implementing
1) Maulana Azad National Fellowship Scheme for students
of M.Phil and Ph.D
2) Free Coaching and Allied Scheme, Support for students
clearing Preliminary exams
3) Schemes of Maulana Azad Education Foundation based
on the corpus fund granted by the government
Besides, under Sarva Siksha Abhiyan, being implemented
by Ministry of Human Resource Development, educational
infrastructure has been created by way of opening and
constructing new Primary/Upper Primary Schools in
Minority Concentration Areas .
Residential Schools for minority girls under the Kasturba
Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs)
Mid-Day-Meal (MDM) Scheme has been extended to cover
all children studying in classes I-VIII.
Saakshar Bharat Programme to make literate 70 million
adults in the age group of 15 years
Maulana Azad Taleem-e-Balighan to promote literacy and
life-long learning among adults of Muslim minorities.
Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSSs) to provide Vocational
training to non-literate, neo-literate as well as school as
The Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Teacher Education for
strengthening of existing Teacher Education Institutions
(TEIs) and opening of new ones.
Other Education related Schemes are as under :
Scheme for Providing Quality Education in Madrasas
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)
Approved a total of 285 Women’s Hostels in Minority
UGC has established Equal Opportunity Cells for
Sub-Mission of Polytechnics, financial assistance up to
Rs.12.30 crore is provided to State/UT Govts
Academies for Professional Development of Urdu Medium
Teachers have been set up in three Central Universities.
For improving employability and economic empowerment
of minorities, various initiatives have been taken.
Ministry of Minority Affairs is implementing
“Seekho aur Kamao” Scheme for Skill Development of
Schemes of National Minorities Development and Finance
Corporation (NMDFC) for extending credit with the help
of equity share capital released by the Government
Scheme for Grant-in-aid to State Channelising Agencies of
Besides, 60Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) located in
the minority concentration areas are also upgraded into
“Centre of Excellence.”
The Ministry of Minority Affairs is implementing Multi
Sectoral Development Programme (MsDP) for creating
socio-economic infrastructure and proving basic amenities
in the areas with substantial minority population.
Ministry of Urban Development and Ministry of Housing
and Urban Poverty Alleviation are also facilitating the
flow of funds to towns and cities, having a substantial
concentration of minority population, under the different
components of Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban
Renewal Mission (JNNURM) namely:
Urban Infrastructure and Governance (UIG),
Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and
Medium Towns (UIDSSMT),
Integrated Housing & Slum Development Programme
Basic Services for Urban Poor (BSUP)
ACCESS TO CREDIT:
In order to support Minorities the following loans
Credit and Term Loan under Priority Sector
Lending Scheme of Ministry of Finance
Scheme of Micro-Credit & Term Loan of
National Minorities Development and Finance
Improving the well-being of Muslims in India begins
with changing their educational and economic futures.
States throughout the country must take measures to
improve the lives and livelihoods of their Muslim
1. Improve Muslim Educational Attainment: Education
is essential to lifting a population out of poverty. The
country needs an educated workforce to fill the skilled
jobs created as India’s economy grows.
2. Improve Muslims’ economic situations through job Skills
training: Muslim Indians must increase their level of
education to be considered for what the country plans to be
an increase of thousands of jobs in skilled sectors.
3. Take advantage of opinions shared by Muslims and others
to improve communal Harmony: To lessen the perceived
divide between Muslims and other Indians, leaders at the
State and Country level must secure reliable, regular data to
measure these opinions, share the information and use it to
foster a more cohesive populace.
4.Providing Hostel facilities at reasonable costs for students
from minorities must be taken up on a priority basis.
5.Teacher training should be compulsory ensuring in its
curriculum the components which introduce the
importance of diversity and plurality
6.The teachers should be sensitized towards the needs and
aspiration of Muslims and other marginalized
7.The implementation of existing schemes for minority
welfare must be strictly monitored.
8.Effective steps for protection of Wakf properties and
proper utilization of these properties for the welfare,
educational and social development of the community.
9. In Muslim Populated Villages and Municipal wards, it is
found that often there are no primary health centers.
These must be ensured.
10.Special schemes to ensure housing for poorer sections of
the community must be ensured.
11.In the important field of employment, it is necessary for
OBC Muslims to get an adequate share of the reserved
quota for OBCs. Access to OBC certificates must be
12.In recruitments for State and Central security forces,
Muslims must get adequate representation.
13.Since large numbers of the Muslim community, including
Muslim women, are engaged in traditional work as
artisans and self-employed, it is essential to make easy
credit available to them.
14.In land reform programmes, in allocation of plots in
residential and industrial areas, shops, stalls, petrol/gas
dealerships, opportunities for Muslims should be ensured.
15.Efforts should be made to introduce and encourage
scientific and job oriented education in Madarsas.
16.Special programmes should be undertaken to establish
vocational training institutes, polytechnics and colleges in
A monitoring mechanism can be set up in different States
to check the progress on the above front.
There is a great need to take initiatives from the
community side to enhance its welfare properties and
people of the community should participate in democratic
processes more actively.
It will definitely help the community to enhance its Socio-
Economic and Educational condition as well as will
contribute in the development of the Nation.
1. India minorities
3. Minority Education
5. Ministry of Minority Affairs